30 results found

Search Results for: keratin

Keratin

Definition noun, plural: keratins One of the fibrous structural proteins, and is a constituent of hair, nails, skin,... Read More

Keratinocyte

Definition noun, plural: keratinocytes The predominant type of cell in the epidermal layer of the skin Supplement The skin... Read More

Epidermis

Epidermis Definition What is the epidermis? We can define the epidermis as one or more layers of cells forming the tough... Read More

Endomembrane system

Ever wondered how biomolecules are made within the cell and then they are released outside the cell for use by the body?... Read More

Protein

Protein Definition Proteins are biomolecules comprised of amino acid residues joined together by peptide bonds.... Read More

Cornification

Definition noun, plural: cornifications The process of forming a keratinized, horny layer of epidermis cornified,... Read More

Scleroprotein

Definition noun, plural: scleroproteins A type of protein characterized by being fibrous and its function which is to... Read More

Intermediate filaments

Definition noun plural: intermediate filaments A type of cytoskeleton characterized by having a diameter ranging from 8... Read More

Desmosome

Definition noun, plural: desmosomes A type of cell junction made up of desmosome-intermediate filament complexes, which in... Read More

Intermediate filament

Definition noun plural: intermediate filaments A type of cytoskeleton characterized by having a diameter ranging from 8... Read More

Proteoglycan

What are proteoglycans? Proteoglycans are primarily a type of polysaccharide. Structurally, proteoglycans are... Read More

Chitin

Definition noun plural: chitin chi·tin, ˈkaɪtɪn (1) A polymer of nitrogen-containing polysaccharide (C8H13O5N)n... Read More

Cytoskeleton

Definition noun plural: cytoskeletons cy·to·skel·e·ton (cell biology) The lattice or internal framework of a cell... Read More

Stratified squamous epithelium

Definition noun, plural: stratified squamous epithelia A type of stratified epithelium in which the topmost layer is made up... Read More

Microtubule

Microtubule Definition noun plural: microtubules mi·cro·tu·bule, mī'krō-tū'byūl A cytoplasmic tubule made up of... Read More

Hydrophilic

Hydrophilic Definition What does a hydrophile (or hydrophilic molecule) mean? If a molecule is “water-loving”, it is... Read More

Stratum granulosum

Definition noun The thin layer of the epidermis comprised of granular keratinocytes that migrated from the stratum... Read More

Stratum lucidum

Definition noun The thin, clear layer of the epidermis comprised of keratinocytes filled with eleidin proteins, and occurs... Read More

Stratum corneum

Definition noun The outermost layer of the epidermis comprised of corneocytes and accounts for most of the protective... Read More

Polypeptide

Polypeptide Definition Biology What are polypeptides? A polypeptide is defined as a polymer of amino acids joined together... Read More

Cell adhesion

Cell Adhesion Definition Cell adhesion is the process in which a cell uses a specialized complex of proteins to get... Read More

Hemidesmosome

Definition noun, plural: hemidesmosomes A type of anchoring junction between neighboring cells forming a rivet-like links... Read More

Fraser-lendrum stain

Fraser-lendrum stain (Science: technique) For fibrin, a multistaining procedure after Zenker's fixative in which fibrin,... Read More

Microfilament

Definition noun plural: microfilaments mi·cro·fil·a·ments, mī'krō-fil'ă-mĕnts A thin, helical, single-stranded... Read More

Glycocalyx

What is the Glycocalyx? The glycocalyx is a polysaccharide-based gel-like, highly hydrous cellular thin layer, covering... Read More

Biomolecule

A molecule is an electrically neutral, group of atoms that can exist alone in a free state while its characteristic... Read More

Thermophile

Thermophiles Definition What are thermophiles? Let us first understand the literal meaning of the word ‘thermophile’.... Read More

Hyaluronic acid

Definition noun A linear mucopolysaccharide that is a major component of tissues, such as connective, epithelial and neural... Read More

Nail

nail 1. (Science: anatomy) The horny scale of plate of epidermis at the end of the fingers and toes of man and many apes.... Read More

Hyaline cartilage

Hyaline Cartilage Definition Before we define hyaline cartilage, let us understand what cartilage is. What is cartilage? Is... Read More