216 results found

Search Results for: liver

Liver

Definition noun The glandular organ that stores and metabolizes nutrients, detoxifies, and produces bile Supplement In human... Read More

Waxy liver

waxy liver amyloid degeneration of the liver. Synonym: lardaceous... Read More

Glycogen

Definition noun plural: glycogens gly·co·gen, glī′kə-jən A multi-branched polymer of glucose, mainly produced in... Read More

Glucose

Glucose occurs naturally and is ubiquitous. It is one of the three most common monosaccharides; the other two are fructose... Read More

Bare area of liver

Bare area of liver The area on the posterior surface of the liver which is fused with the diaphragm and therefore not... Read More

Regulation of Organic Metabolism, Growth and Energy Balance

Organic Metabolism Events of Absorptive and Post-absorptive States. The absorptive state is the period during which... Read More

Kupffer cell

Definition noun, plural: Kupffer cells A specialized stellate macrophage cell that is located fixedly within the liver... Read More

Glycolysis

What is Glycolysis and Why is it Important? Glycolysis is a metabolic pathway by which the 6-carbon molecule of glucose is... Read More

Smooth endoplasmic reticulum

Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum Definition Smooth endoplasmic reticulum (sER) is (a part of) endoplasmic reticulum that is... Read More

Carbohydrate

Carbohydrate Definition A biomolecule refers to any molecule that is produced by living organisms. As such, most of them... Read More

Sugar Homeostasis

Blood Sugar Regulation As described in Cell Biology tutorials, the body requires volumes of glucose in order to create ATP.... Read More

Parenchyma

Parenchyma Definition What does parenchyma mean? Let's define the word "parenchyma". Most of the functional tissues in... Read More

Fructose

Fructose Definition Fructose is a ketohexose monosaccharide with a chemical formula of C6H12O6. It is the sweetest of all... Read More

Polysaccharide

Polysaccharide Definition Biology Definition: A polysaccharide is a carbohydrate formed by long chains of repeating units... Read More

Clonorchis sinensis

Definition noun A liver fluke species belonging to the family Opisthorchiidae of the Class Trematoda, and endemic in Japan,... Read More

Perisinusoidal space

Definition noun The plasma-filled extravascular space in the liver, between a hepatocyte and a liver sinusoid Supplement The... Read More

Albumin

Albumin Definition What is albumin? Is albumin a protein? In biology, albumin is a protein that is responsible for the... Read More

Hepatocyte

Definition noun, plural: hepatocytes Any of the large, polygonal-shaped cells in the liver. Supplement Hepatocytes are the... Read More

Digestion and Absorption of Food

The gastrointestinal (GI) system includes the gastrointestinal tract (mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine,... Read More

Sugar

Sugar Definition The term sugar is the generic term for any disaccharides and monosaccharides. Sugars are an essential... Read More

Homeostasis

Homeostasis is the tendency not to stray from the range of favorable or ideal internal conditions. Such conditions must be... Read More

Circulation

Blood Blood is composed of a liquid, plasma, and blood cells such as erythrocytes (red blood cells,) leukocytes (white... Read More

Gall

Gall 1. To fret and wear away by friction; to hurt or break the skin of by rubbing; to chafe; to injure the surface of by... Read More

Saccharide

Saccharide Definition What is a saccharide molecule? A saccharide is the unit structure of carbohydrates. In biochemistry,... Read More

Fasciola hepatica

Definition noun A liver fluke belonging to the family Fasciolidae of the class Trematoda, and is endemic in the U.S.,... Read More

Purine

Definition noun plural: purines pu•rine, ˈpjʊəɹiːn A heterocyclic aromatic compound with a chemical structure... Read More

Guanine

Definition noun plural: guanines gua·nine, ˈɡwɑː.niːn (biochemistry) A purine nucleobase that complementary pairs... Read More

Histopathological diagnosis of intra- and extrahepatic neonatal cholestasis

Histopathological diagnosis of intra- and extrahepatic neonatal cholestasis J.L. Santos¹, H. Almeida², C.T.S. Cerski3 and... Read More

Adenine

Definition noun plural: adenines ad·e·nine, ˈædɪnɪn (biochemistry) A purine nucleobase that complementary pairs... Read More

Regeneration in humans – Finding the gene switch

Regeneration in humans is much more limited compared in other animals. Say for instance when one lost a limb, much as well... Read More

Starch

Starch Definition Starch is a polysaccharide (C6H10O5)n consisting of a large number of glucose monomers joined together... Read More

Catabolism

Catabolism Definition Catabolism is the branch of the metabolic process that breaks down complex, big molecules into... Read More

Assimilation

Assimilation Definition What is assimilation? Assimilation in biology is defined as the process in which living organisms... Read More

Glycogenesis

Definition noun The metabolic process of producing glycogen from glucose for storage mainly in liver and muscle cells in... Read More

Triploblastic

Triploblastic Definition A triploblastic animal had three main layers of tissue during embryonic development. The central... Read More

Angiotensinogen

Definition noun An alpha-2 globulin protein that is found in the bloodstream and release into circulation mainly by the... Read More

Synergistic effect

Synergistic Effects Definition In biology, synergistic effects are the effects when chemical substances or biological... Read More

Chylomicron

Definition noun, plural: chylomicrons Any of the lipoprotein particles found in blood and lymph that is associated with the... Read More

Entamoeba histolytica

Definition noun A disease-causing anaerobic protozoan species capable of causing entamoebiasis and amebic dysentery to its... Read More

Ribonucleotide

Definition noun plural: ribonucleotides ri·bo·nu·cle·o·tide, ˌraɪbəʊˈnjuːklɪəˌtaɪd A form of nucleotide in... Read More