28 results found

Search Results for: motor neuron

Motor neuron

Definition noun, plural: motor neurons A type of neuron connected to a muscle fiber and originates from the central nervous... Read More

Interneuron

Definition noun, plural: interneurons (1) Any local circuit neuron of the central nervous system that relays impulses... Read More

Muscle

Muscle cells are specialized to generate force and movement. There are three types of muscle tissue: (1) skeletal muscle,... Read More

Control of Body Movement

Motor Control Hierarchy A motor program is the pattern of neural activities required to perform a movement is created and... Read More

Neural Control Mechanisms

Nerve cells called neurons generate electric signals that pass from one end of the cell to another and release chemical... Read More

Neuron

Definition noun, plural: neurons An excitable cell that has specialized cell parts (such as soma, dendrites and axons),... Read More

Efferent neuron

Definition noun, plural: efferent neurons A neuron with an axon that carries nerve impulses peripherally, and innervates... Read More

Afferent Nerve

Afferent Nerve Definition The word ‘aferent’ means "steering or conducting something towards a destination". The... Read More

Afferent neuron

Definition noun, plural: afferent neurons A type of neuron that detects stimulus from the periphery and relays nerve... Read More

Efferent nerve

Definition noun, plural: efferent nerves The type of nerve that carries nerve impulses away from the central nervous system... Read More

Sensory neuron

Definition noun, plural: sensory neurons A type of neuron that transmits sensory nerve impulses Supplement The neurons are... Read More

Ganglia

Ganglia Definition What are ganglia? To simply define ganglia in biology, it is the structure of an oval shape that... Read More

Nervous System

    THE is the most complicated and highly organized of the various systems which make up the human body. It is the... Read More

Ganglion

Ganglia Definition What are ganglia? To simply define ganglia in biology, it is the structure of an oval shape that... Read More

Stimulus

We can detect hot or cold environments using our sense of temperature. When the temperature is too hot, sweating... Read More

Reflex arc

Definition noun, plural: reflex arcs A neural pathway that controls reflex reactions Supplement In physiology, a reflex... Read More

Achilles reflex

Definition noun, plural: Achilles reflexes A stretch reflex wherein the foot jerks towards the plantar surface by reflex as... Read More

Myelinated neuron

Definition noun A neuron in which the axon is enveloped by a layer of Schwann cell membranes (sheath). Supplement The myelin... Read More

Neurophysiology

Definition noun A branch of neuroscience that is concerned with the physiology of the nervous system Supplement Neuroscience... Read More

Nucleoplasm

Definition noun plural: nucleoplasm nu·cle·o·plasm, ˈnjuːklɪəˌplæzəm (cell biology) The protoplasm of the... Read More

Nuclear body

Definition noun plural: nuclear bodies nu·cle·ar bod‧y, ˈnjuː.kli.ər ˈbɒdi Any of the prominent non-membraned,... Read More

Patellar reflex

Definition noun, plural: patellar reflexes A stretch reflex wherein the anterior muscles of the thigh contracts by reflex as... Read More

Jaw jerk reflex

Definition noun A stretch reflex that manifests as the contraction of the masseter and the temporalis muscles in response to... Read More

Abdominal reflex

Definition noun, plural: abdominal reflexes Abdominal wall muscle contraction of the umbilicus toward the abdominal quadrant... Read More

Tissue

Tissue Definition What is tissue in the body? The body tissue is an aggregation of cells that function together and have a... Read More

Myelinated nerve

Definition noun A nerve cell in which the axon is surrounded by a layer of Schwann cell membranes of myelin... Read More

End plate

End plate (Science: anatomy, physiology) The area of sarcolemma immediately below the synaptic region of the motor neuron in... Read More

Cerebellum

(Science: anatomy) part of the vertebrate hindbrain, concerned primarily with somatic motor function, the control of muscle... Read More