68 results found

Search Results for: pancreas

Pancreas

Definition noun, plural: pancreases or pancreata A tongue-shaped glandular structure involved in the secretion of fluid... Read More

Sugar Homeostasis

Blood Sugar Regulation As described in Cell Biology tutorials, the body requires volumes of glucose in order to create ATP.... Read More

Homeostasis

Homeostasis is the tendency not to stray from the range of favorable or ideal internal conditions. Such conditions must be... Read More

Insulin

Definition noun A polypeptide hormone secreted by the beta cells of the islets of Langerhans of the pancreas to regulate the... Read More

Islets of Langerhans

Definition noun The endocrine region of the pancreas, i.e. pancreatic cells that produce hormones, mainly glucagon and... Read More

Digestion and Absorption of Food

The gastrointestinal (GI) system includes the gastrointestinal tract (mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine,... Read More

Independent variable

Independent Variable Definition To define an independent variable, let us first understand what a variable is. The word... Read More

Pancreatic lipase

Definition noun, plural: pancreatic lipases A pancreatic enzyme that splits dietary fats by hydrolyzing triacyglycerol... Read More

Edmonton Protocol – Possible cure for Type 1 Diabetes patients

Abstract The Edmonton Protocol is only capable of treating patients with Type 1 Diabetes since they lack the appropriate... Read More

Glycogen

Definition noun plural: glycogens gly·co·gen, glī′kə-jən A multi-branched polymer of glucose, mainly produced in... Read More

Pancreatic juice

Definition noun The transparent fluid secreted by the pancreas composed mainly of water, electrolytes, and... Read More

Glucose

Glucose occurs naturally and is ubiquitous. It is one of the three most common monosaccharides; the other two are fructose... Read More

Glucagon

Definition noun A peptide hormone (3485 D) produced by the alpha cells of the pancreas, and acts by stimulating the... Read More

Prognostic biomarkers in Pancreatic Cancer

Pancreatic cancer started at the tissue of the pancreas – an organ in the abdomen that lies behind the lower stomach. ... Read More

Genetic Control – On and Off Genes

Reviewed by: Mary Anne Clark, Ph.D. This lesson looks at the various factors involved that affect growth and... Read More

Lipogenesis

Definition noun The synthesis of lipid (fat) Supplement Lipogenesis is the process of producing lipid or fat. In biology,... Read More

Islets Of Langerhans

Cell clusters in the pancreas that form the endocrine part of that organ; secrete insulin and other hormones.Cells found in... Read More

G cell

Definition noun, plural: G cells The cell that secretes gastrin, and chiefly located in the stomach and... Read More

Regulation of Organic Metabolism, Growth and Energy Balance

Organic Metabolism Events of Absorptive and Post-absorptive States. The absorptive state is the period during which... Read More

Endocrine gland

Definition noun, plural: endocrine glands Any of the ductless glands secreting hormones that are released directly into... Read More

Sugar

Sugar Definition The term sugar is the generic term for any disaccharides and monosaccharides. Sugars are an essential... Read More

An introduction to Homeostasis

Researched and Written by Jonjo Minns Submitted to biologyonline.com on February 25, 2009. Published in biologyonline.com... Read More

Tuber omentale

tuber omentale An eminence on the visceral surface of the left hepatic lobe to the left of the fossa for the ductus venosus,... Read More

Trypsin

trypsin (Science: enzyme) serine protease from the pancreas of vertebrates. Cleaves peptide bonds involving the amino groups... Read More

Endocytosis

Endocytosis Definition What is endocytosis in biology? Endocytosis is a cellular process by which a cell internalizes any... Read More

Prolactin-releasing hormone

Definition noun, plural: prolactin-releasing hormones A polypeptide hormone originating in the hypothalamus, and whose... Read More

Lipolysis

Definition noun The process of breaking down of lipids (fats) into fatty acids and glycerol Supplement Lipolysis is the... Read More

Estrogen

Definition noun, plural: estrogens A sex steroid hormone produced in large quantities chiefly in the ovaries in females;... Read More

Mucin

Definition noun, plural: mucins Any of the class of glycoproteins found in mucus (e.g. saliva, gastric juice, etc.) secreted... Read More

Isoenzyme

Isozymes (also known as isoenzymes) are enzymes that differ in amino acid sequence but catalyze the same chemical reaction.... Read More

Feedback mechanism

Feedback Mechanism Definition What is a feedback mechanism? A feedback mechanism is a physiological regulation system in a... Read More

White adipose tissue

Definition noun, plural: white adipose tissues A type of adipose tissue found in mammals used to store energy and acts as... Read More

Cuboidal epithelium

Definition noun, plural: cuboidal epithelia An epithelial tissue comprised of cuboidal epithelial cells, and is involved in... Read More

Simple cuboidal epithelium

Definition noun, plural: simple cuboidal epithelia Simple epithelium composed of cuboidal epithelial cells Supplement A... Read More

Simple squamous epithelium

Simple Squamous Epithelium Definition Simple squamous epithelium, also known as simple squamous epithelial tissue or... Read More

Hormone Production

Reviewed by: Mary Anne Clark, Ph.D. Hormones are chemical messengers produced by glands in the endocrine system.... Read More

Frameshift mutation

Define Frameshift Mutation What is a frameshift mutation? In biology, insertions or deletions of nucleotides in the coding... Read More

Digestive Enzymes

Have you ever thought about what happens to the food after you have taken it into your mouth? How those big steak pieces... Read More

Splenunculus

Definition noun, plural: splenunculi Small nodule of splenic tissue that may be connected to or detached from the... Read More

Dopamine

Definition noun, plural: dopamines 3,4-dihydroxyphenethylamine (chemical formula: C8H11NO2); a neurotransmitter or a hormone... Read More