28 results found

Search Results for: primer

Primer extension

Definition noun A method that uses the enzyme Reverse Transcriptase (RNA-dependent DNA polymerase) to determine the... Read More

Primer

primer short pre-existing polynucleotide chain towhich new deoxyribonucleotides can be added by dNA... Read More

Antagonistic Muscle

Definition of Antagonistic Muscle What does the term “antagonistic” mean? As the name suggests, the word antagonistic... Read More

S1 nuclease mapping

Definition noun A laboratory method used to locate the 5'end of a transcript in a mixture of RNA using nuclease... Read More

Transcription (biology)

In biology, transcription is the process of transcribing or making a copy of the genetic information stored in a DNA strand... Read More

DNA replication

DNA Replication Definition DNA replication is the process of copying and duplicating a DNA molecule. The process is carried... Read More

Glycogen

Definition noun plural: glycogens gly·co·gen, glī′kə-jən A multi-branched polymer of glucose, mainly produced in... Read More

Replication origin

Replication origin A unique dNA sequence of a replicon at which dNA replication is initiated and proceeds bidirectionally or... Read More

Cell

A cell is a membrane-bound structure that occurs as a functional independent unit of life (such as in unicellular organisms,... Read More

Insertion (genetics)

In genetics, insertion refers to the type of mutation characterized by the insertion of one or few nucleotide base pairs to... Read More

Translation

In biology, translation is a step in protein biosynthesis where a genetic code from a strand of mRNA is decoded to produce a... Read More

DNA polymerase I

Definition noun The first known DNA polymerase, encoded by polA gene, and is involved in DNA replication in... Read More

Mature mRNA

Definition noun plural: mature mRNAs The completely processed mRNA molecule in the cell of eukaryotes Details Overview... Read More

Precursor mRNA

Definition noun plural: precursor mRNAs An immature or incompletely processed mRNA molecule in eukaryotes that needs to be... Read More

Deoxyribonucleic acid

Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) Definition A nucleic acid refers to any of the group of complex compounds made up of linear... Read More

Ki

Definition (genetics) Gene knock-in, as in genetic engineering method (chemistry) A symbol for the dissociation constant of... Read More

Basic & Clinical Biostatistics (LANGE Basic Science)

Basic & Clinical Biostatistics (LANGE Basic Science)      ... Read More

Ribonucleic acid

Ribonucleic Acid Definition noun (uncountable), ribonucleic acids ri·bo·nu·cle·ic ac·id, raɪboʊnjuːkliːɪk... Read More

Eukaryotic cells

Eukaryotic Cells Definition What is a eukaryotic cell? The term “cell” is a common word in biology, anatomy, and... Read More

Protein synthesis

Protein synthesis is the process of creating protein molecules. In biological systems, it involves amino acid synthesis,... Read More

Nucleic acid

Definition noun plural: nucleic acid nu·cle·ic ac·id, nuˈkleɪ.ɪk ˈæsɪd Any of the group of complex compounds... Read More

Mutation

Mutation is a permanent, heritable change in the nucleotide sequence or the process by which such a change occurs in a gene... Read More

Genotype

Genotype and Phenotype The contrasting terms genotype and phenotype are used to define the characteristics or traits of an... Read More

Gene

A gene is the fundamental, physical, and functional unit of heredity. The genes make up the sequences of DNA (genotypes).... Read More

Antigen

Antigen Definition What is an antigen? A simple definition is that an antigen refers to any substance that triggers an... Read More

Avidity

Definition noun, plural: avidities The combined strength of bond affinities in a complex. Usage The term may be used in... Read More

Nucleus

In cell biology, the nucleus is the large, membrane-bounded organelle that contains the genetic material in the form of... Read More

Oligonucleotide

Definition noun plural: mononucleotides ol·i·go·nu·cle·o·tide, ŏl′ĭ-gō-no͞o′klē-ə-tīd A short polymer... Read More