30 results found

Search Results for: protein domain

Protein domain

Definition noun (1) An autonomously folding functional unit of a protein. (2) A part of protein that can fold, function... Read More

Phosphorylation

Phosphorylation Definition We can define phosphorylation as a biochemical process in which a phosphate molecule is added to... Read More

Domain

Definition noun, plural: domains (1) (taxonomy) The highest taxonomic rank of organisms in which there are three groupings:... Read More

Endomembrane system

Ever wondered how biomolecules are made within the cell and then they are released outside the cell for use by the body?... Read More

Eubacteria

Eubacteria are prokaryotic microorganisms consisting of a single cell lacking a nucleus and containing DNA is a single... Read More

Chlorophyll

Why are most plants green? Have you ever had the same question? Perhaps, you’ve been told that the plants are green... Read More

Nuclear body

Definition noun plural: nuclear bodies nu·cle·ar bod‧y, ˈnjuː.kli.ər ˈbɒdi Any of the prominent non-membraned,... Read More

Organism

An organism refers to a living thing that has an organized structure, can react to stimuli, reproduce, grow, adapt, and... Read More

Integral membrane protein

Definition noun A protein molecule (or assembly of proteins) that is permanently attached or firmly anchored in the plasma... Read More

Light-dependent reaction

Many organisms, such as green plants, convert light energy into chemical energy through the mechanism of photosynthesis. In... Read More

Phylogeny

Phylogeny refers to the evolutionary history of the development of a species or of a taxonomic group of organisms. The... Read More

Cell membrane

Cell Membrane Definition Just like any non-living body possesses a plastic or paper packaging material that keeps the... Read More

Mutagen

Mutagen Definition What is a mutagen? A mutagen is a substance or agent that causes DNA impairment that results in the... Read More

Myosin

Definition noun, plural: myosins A family of motor ATPases that interact with f actin filaments Supplement Myosins belong to... Read More

Septin

Definition noun plural: septins sep·tin, sĕp′tĭn A protein involved in cytokinesis and also functions in maintaining... Read More

Cell

A cell is a membrane-bound structure that occurs as a functional independent unit of life (such as in unicellular organisms,... Read More

Prokaryote

Prokaryote refers to any of the group of organisms primarily characterized by the lack of true nucleus and other... Read More

Autocrine signaling

Autocrine Signaling Definition What is autocrine signaling? Autocrine signaling is a type of cell signaling wherein a cell... Read More

Obligate parasite

Parasitism is a form of symbiosis that occurs between a parasite and its host. The parasite is the organism that generally... Read More

Eukaryote

Eukaryote refers to any of the single-celled or multicellular organisms whose cell contains a distinct, membrane-bound... Read More

Chordata

Chordata Definition What is Chordata? Chordata is the phylum of the animal kingdom that includes a large number of animal... Read More

Fibronectin

Fibronectin (Science: protein) glycoprotein of high molecular weight (2 chains each of 250 kd linked by disulphide bonds)... Read More

Eukaryotic cells

Eukaryotic Cells Definition What is a eukaryotic cell? The term “cell” is a common word in biology, anatomy, and... Read More

Transactivation

Definition noun, plural: transactivations (molecular biology, genetics) The stimulation of transcription by expressing an... Read More

Vibrio cholerae

Definition Noun A gram-negative single polar flagellum bacterium associated with cholera infection in... Read More

Antibody

Definition noun, plural: antibodies Any of the numerous Y-shaped gamma globulin proteins found in the blood or lymph, and... Read More

Cohesion

Cohesion Definition What is cohesion? Cohesion, in science definition, refers to the state of cohering or sticking together... Read More

Nuclear domain

Definition noun plural: nuclear domains (cell biology) Synonym of nuclear body, i.e. any of the prominent non-membraned... Read More

Streptococcus

Definition noun, plural: streptococci (1) A genus of bacteria characterized by being coccus, Gram-positive, and occurring in... Read More

Dinucleotide

Definition noun plural: dinucleotides di·nu·cle·o·tide, daɪ njuːklɪəˌtaɪd An organic compound comprised of two... Read More