39 results found

Search Results for: pyruvate

Pyruvate

Pyruvate Definition Pyruvates have been often recognized as one of the most important molecules that are frequently... Read More

Fermentation

Fermentation Definition What is fermentation? Fermentation is the breaking down of sugar molecules into simpler compounds... Read More

Cellular respiration

Cellular Respiration Definition The main function of cellular respiration is to break down glucose to form energy. What is... Read More

Glucose

Glucose occurs naturally and is ubiquitous. It is one of the three most common monosaccharides; the other two are fructose... Read More

Protein Activity and Cellular Metabolism

Protein Binding Sites The ability of various molecules and ions to bind to specific sites on the protein surface forms the... Read More

Carbohydrate

Carbohydrate Definition A biomolecule refers to any molecule that is produced by living organisms. As such, most of them... Read More

Sugar

Definition noun plural: sugars sug·ar, ˈʃʊɡɚ (1) Any monosaccharide or disaccharide, used especially by organisms... Read More

Embden-Meyerhof-Parnas pathway

Definition noun A glycolytic pathway whereby glucose is metabolized and converted ultimately to pyruvate, and results in a... Read More

Anaerobic respiration

Anaerobic Respiration Definition What is anaerobic respiration? Anaerobic (cellular) respiration is a respiratory process... Read More

Lipogenesis

Definition noun The synthesis of lipid (fat) Supplement Lipogenesis is the process of producing lipid or fat. In biology,... Read More

Krebs cycle

Definition noun A cycle of reactions catalyzed by enzymes in which the pyruvate derived from nutrients and converted to... Read More

Adenosine triphosphate

Adenosine Triphosphate Definition noun plural: adenosine triphosphates (biochemistry) An organic compound that is... Read More

Anabolism

Anabolism Definition Metabolic processes involve the conversion of one molecule into another through a sequence of chemical... Read More

Gluconeogenesis

Definition noun The metabolic process in which glucose is formed from non-carbohydrate precursors Supplement Glucose is an... Read More

White adipose tissue

Definition noun, plural: white adipose tissues A type of adipose tissue found in mammals used to store energy and acts as... Read More

Citric Acid Cycle

Definition noun (1) A cycle of reactions catalyzed by enzymes in which pyruvate derived from nutrients and converted to... Read More

Chemiosmosis

Chemiosmosis Definition What is chemiosmosis? In biology, chemiosmosis refers to the process of moving ions (e.g. protons)... Read More

Mitochondrial DNA – hallmark of psychological stress

We often hear that stress can be unsettling as it could make us ill when it becomes chronic and overwhelming. However, is... Read More

Fructose

Definition noun plural: fructoses fruc•tose, ˈfɹʊk.toʊs A ketohexose monosaccharide with a chemical formula of... Read More

Guanosine diphosphate

Definition noun plural: guanosine diphosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide made up of guanine, ribose, and two phosphate... Read More

Fatty acid

Definition noun plural: fatty acids'' fatty acid, ˈfætɪ ˈæsɪd Any of the group of a long chain of hydrocarbon... Read More

Glycolysis

Definition noun The initial metabolic pathway of cellular respiration in which a series of reactions happening in the... Read More

Hsk pathway

Definition noun An abbreviation for hatch slack kortshak pathway: a metabolic pathway first determined by Burr and Kortshak... Read More

Clostridium tetani

Definition noun An obligate anaerobic rod shaped and gram-positive bacterium which appears to looks like a drumstick that is... Read More

Glycerol

Definition noun glyc•er•ol, ˈglɪs əˌrɔl A sugar alcohol made up of two polyols derived from saponification of... Read More

Coenzyme

Enzymes can break down complicated large molecules into simpler smaller ones, they can combine small molecules or atoms to... Read More

Cytoplasm

Cytoplasm definition noun plural: cytoplasms cy·to·plasm, ˈsaɪtoʊˌplæzəm The contents of a cell surrounded by... Read More

Nonose

Definition noun, plural: nonoses A nine-carbon monosaccharide or sugar Supplement Monosaccharides are the simplest form of... Read More

Biotin

Definition noun A member of the B vitamins, found in raw egg yolk, liver, peanuts, leafy green vegetables, and is involved... Read More

Apoenzyme

Enzymes are biological catalysts that can increase the rate of chemical reactions in living organisms. Enzymes can only... Read More

Bacillus megaterium

Definition noun An endospore forming rod-shaped bacterium recognized as an endophytes involved in the production of various... Read More

Acetyl Coenzyme A

Acetyl coenzyme a coenzyme a (coa, CoASH, or HSCoA) is a coenzyme, notable for its role in the synthesis and oxidization of... Read More

Cofactor

Definition noun, plural: cofactors (biochemistry) An inorganic complement of an enzyme reaction Supplement Cofactors... Read More

Smooth endoplasmic reticulum

Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum Definition Smooth endoplasmic reticulum (sER) is (a part of) endoplasmic reticulum that is... Read More

Pyruvic acid

Definition noun A colorless, water-soluble, organic liquid produced by the breakdown of carbohydrates and sugars during... Read More

Hatch-Slack pathway

Definition noun A metabolic pathway first delineated in depth by M. D. Hatch and C. R. Slack (in 1966). In this pathway, the... Read More

C4 carbon fixation pathway

Definition noun A metabolic pathway where CO2 is first added to phosphoenolpyruvate by the enzyme, PEP carboxylase,... Read More

Thiamine

Definition noun One of the B vitamins that can be obtained from pork, oatmeal, brown rice, vegetables, potatoes, liver,... Read More

Monosaccharide

Definition noun plural: monosaccharides mon·o·sac·cha·ride, ˈmɒ.nəʊˈsæk.ə.ɹaɪd (biochemistry) A simple... Read More