72 results found

Search Results for: simple protein

Simple protein

simple protein protein that yields only alpha-amino acids or their derivatives by hydrolysis; e.g., albumins, globulins,... Read More

Simple squamous epithelium

Simple Squamous Epithelium Definition Simple squamous epithelium, also known as simple squamous epithelial tissue or... Read More

Phosphorylation

Phosphorylation Definition We can define phosphorylation as a biochemical process in which a phosphate molecule is added to... Read More

Protein synthesis

Protein synthesis is the process of creating protein molecules. In biological systems, it involves amino acid synthesis,... Read More

Polypeptide

Polypeptide Definition Biology What are polypeptides? A polypeptide is defined as a polymer of amino acids joined together... Read More

Codon

What does codon mean? A codon, in biology, is the basic genetic unit of life that acts as the template for the amino acid... Read More

Simple diffusion

Simple Diffusion Definition What is simple diffusion? In biology, simple diffusion is a form of diffusion that does not... Read More

Apoenzyme

Enzymes are biological catalysts that can increase the rate of chemical reactions in living organisms. Enzymes can only... Read More

Capsid

Capsid Definition A capsid is a three-dimensional proteinaceous capsular shell around a virus that encloses the viral... Read More

Facilitated diffusion

Facilitated diffusion is the transport of substances across a biological membrane from an area of higher concentration to an... Read More

Nucleus

In cell biology, the nucleus is the large, membrane-bounded organelle that contains the genetic material in the form of... Read More

Concentration gradient

Concentration gradient definition Concentration gradient refers to the gradual change in the concentration of solutes in a... Read More

Polysaccharide

Polysaccharide Definition Biology Definition: A polysaccharide is a carbohydrate formed by long chains of repeating units... Read More

Biomolecule

A molecule is an electrically neutral, group of atoms that can exist alone in a free state while its characteristic... Read More

Sugar

Sugar Definition The term sugar is the generic term for any disaccharides and monosaccharides. Sugars are an essential... Read More

Metabolism

Metabolism Definition What is metabolism in the body? Metabolism encompasses the various biochemical processes, reactions,... Read More

Nuclear body

Definition noun plural: nuclear bodies nu·cle·ar bod‧y, ˈnjuː.kli.ər ˈbɒdi Any of the prominent non-membraned,... Read More

Cell membrane

Cell Membrane Definition Just like any non-living body possesses a plastic or paper packaging material that keeps the... Read More

Oligosaccharide

Carbohydrates are organic compounds consisting of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, usually in the ratio of 1:2:1. They are one... Read More

Eubacteria

Eubacteria are prokaryotic microorganisms consisting of a single cell lacking a nucleus and containing DNA is a single... Read More

Polymorphism

Polymorphism Definition The occurrence of two or more different forms or morphs in the population of a species is referred... Read More

Chromosome

Chromosomes Definition Chromosomes are the thread-like structure present in the nucleus of plant and animal cells.... Read More

Plant Tissues

Plants are composed of three major organ groups: roots, stems, and leaves. As we know from other areas of biology, these... Read More

Epithelium

An epithelium is a type of animal tissue made up of densely packed cells (called epithelial cells) that rest on a basement... Read More

Catabolism

Catabolism Definition Catabolism is the branch of the metabolic process that breaks down complex, big molecules into... Read More

Epidermis

Epidermis Definition What is the epidermis? We can define the epidermis as one or more layers of cells forming the tough... Read More

Plant Metabolism

Introduction Plants are responsible for incredible feats of molecular transformation. The processes are always being... Read More

Glycolysis

What is Glycolysis and Why is it Important? Glycolysis is a metabolic pathway by which the 6-carbon molecule of glucose is... Read More

Balanced diet

What is a balanced diet? What is the definition of a balanced diet? A nutritionally balanced diet fulfills all nutritional... Read More

Decomposer

Decomposer Definition The organisms that carry out the process of decay or break down of the dead organism are known as... Read More

Bacteria

Bacteria Definition What are bacteria? What is the definition of bacteria in biology? Bacteria are defined as organisms... Read More

Transport

In biology, transport refers to the act or the means by which a molecule or ion is moved across the cell membrane or via the... Read More

Light-dependent reaction

Many organisms, such as green plants, convert light energy into chemical energy through the mechanism of photosynthesis. In... Read More

Organism

An organism refers to a living thing that has an organized structure, can react to stimuli, reproduce, grow, adapt, and... Read More

Passive transport

Passive transport is a type of cellular transport in which substances such as ions and molecules move down their respective... Read More

Diffusion

Diffusion Definition Diffusion is the net passive movement of molecules or particles from regions of higher to regions of... Read More

Anabolism

Anabolism Definition Metabolic processes involve the conversion of one molecule into another through a sequence of chemical... Read More

Origins of Life on Earth

Although Earth was created around 4.5 billion years ago, life began to exist not long after. Due to the huge timescales... Read More

Antigen

Antigen Definition What is an antigen? A simple definition is that an antigen refers to any substance that triggers an... Read More

Plasma membrane

Do all cells have a plasma (or cell) membrane? Yes, all cells have a biological membrane that separates the protoplasm from... Read More