97 results found

Search Results for: sugar acids

Reducing sugar

Reducing Sugar Definition What is reducing sugar? The type of sugar that acts as the reducing agent and can effectively... Read More

Polypeptide

Polypeptide Definition Biology What are polypeptides? A polypeptide is defined as a polymer of amino acids joined together... Read More

Sugar acids

sugar acids acids, such as gluconic, glycuronic, and saccharic acid, produced by the oxidation of... Read More

Sugar

Definition noun plural: sugars sug·ar, ˈʃʊɡɚ (1) Any monosaccharide or disaccharide, used especially by organisms... Read More

Polyol

Definition noun plural: polyols pol•y•ol, ˈpɒlɪɒl A polyhydric alcohol, i.e. an alcohol containing three or more... Read More

Phosphodiester bond

Phosphodiester Bond Definition Phosphodiester bonds are the backbone of the strands of nucleic acid present in the life... Read More

Chemical Composition of the Body

In order to fully understand the mechanisms of human physiology, it is important to have an understanding of the chemical... Read More

Nucleotide

Reviewed by: Todd Smith, PhD Nucleotide Definition A nucleotide is regarded as the basic building block of... Read More

Catabolism

Catabolism Definition Catabolism is the branch of the metabolic process that breaks down complex, big molecules into... Read More

Glycerol

Definition noun glyc•er•ol, ˈglɪs əˌrɔl A sugar alcohol made up of two polyols derived from saponification of... Read More

Nucleoside

Definition noun plural: nucleosides A nitrogenous base (purine or pyrimidine) bound to a pentose sugar ribose or... Read More

Guanosine monophosphate

Definition noun plural: guanosine monophosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of guanine, ribose and a phosphate... Read More

Monosaccharide

Definition noun plural: monosaccharides mon·o·sac·cha·ride, ˈmɒ.nəʊˈsæk.ə.ɹaɪd (biochemistry) A simple... Read More

Adenosine monophosphate

Definition noun plural: adenosine monophosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of adenine, ribose and a phosphate... Read More

Plant Metabolism

Introduction Plants are responsible for incredible feats of molecular transformation. The processes are always being... Read More

Ribonucleic acid

Ribonucleic Acid Definition noun (uncountable), ribonucleic acids ri·bo·nu·cle·ic ac·id, raɪboʊnjuːkliːɪk... Read More

Cytidine monophosphate

Definition noun plural: cytidine monophosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of cytosine, ribose and a phosphate... Read More

Polynucleotide

Definition noun plural: polynucleotides pol·y·nu·cle·o·tide, ˌpɒlɪˈno͞o′klē-ə-tīd A biopolymer comprised of... Read More

Isomalt

Definition noun i·so·malt, ˈaɪ sə mɔlt A sugar alcohol made up of two polyols: glucose-mannitol and... Read More

Deoxyadenosine monophosphate

Definition noun plural: deoxyadenosine monophosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of adenine, deoxyribose and a... Read More

Deoxyguanosine monophosphate

Definition noun plural: deoxyguanosine monophosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of guanine, deoxyribose and a... Read More

Deoxyadenosine triphosphate

Definition noun plural: deoxyadenosine triphosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of adenine, deoxyribose and... Read More

Deoxycytidine triphosphate

Definition noun plural: deoxycytidine triphosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of cytosine, deoxyribose and... Read More

Deoxycytidine monophosphate

Definition noun plural: deoxycytidine monophosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of cytosine, deoxyribose and a... Read More

Deoxyadenosine diphosphate

Definition noun plural: deoxyadenosine diphosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of adenine, deoxyribose and two... Read More

Deoxyguanosine triphosphate

Definition noun plural: deoxyguanosine triphosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of guanine, deoxyribose and... Read More

Deoxyguanosine diphosphate

Definition noun plural: deoxyguanosine diphosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of guanine, deoxyribose and two... Read More

Sorbitol

Definition noun plural: sorbitols sor·bi·tol, ˈsɔr bɪˌtɔl A sugar alcohol with a sweet taste, occurs naturally in... Read More

Adenine nucleotide

Definition noun plural: adenine nucleotides A nucleotide wherein the nucleobase is adenine Details Overview A nucleotide... Read More

Oligonucleotide

Definition noun plural: mononucleotides ol·i·go·nu·cle·o·tide, ŏl′ĭ-gō-no͞o′klē-ə-tīd A short polymer... Read More

Biomolecule

Definition noun plural: biomolecules bi·o·mol·e·cule, ˈbaɪoʊ ˈmɑləkjul Any of the molecules produced by living... Read More

Thymidine diphosphate

Definition noun plural: thymidine diphosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of thymine, deoxyribose and two... Read More

Thymidine monophosphate

Definition noun plural: thymidine monophosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of thymine, deoxyribose and a... Read More

Uridine triphosphate

Definition noun plural: uridine triphosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of uracil, ribose and three phosphate... Read More

Thymidine triphosphate

Definition noun plural: thymidine triphosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of thymine, deoxyribose and three... Read More

Nucleic acid

Definition noun plural: nucleic acid nu·cle·ic ac·id, nuˈkleɪ.ɪk ˈæsɪd Any of the group of complex compounds... Read More

Deoxyribonucleic acid

Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) Definition A nucleic acid refers to any of the group of complex compounds made up of linear... Read More

Pyruvate

Pyruvate Definition Pyruvates have been often recognized as one of the most important molecules that are frequently... Read More

Lipid

Definition noun plural: lipids lip·id, ˈlɪp ɪd, ˈlaɪ pɪd A fatty or waxy organic compound that is readily soluble... Read More

Codon

What does codon mean? A codon, in biology, is the basic genetic unit of life that acts as the template for the amino acid... Read More