23 results found

Search Results for: thylakoid

Thylakoid

Thylakoid (Science: plant biology) membranous cisternae of the chloroplast, found as part of the grana and also as single... Read More

Chlorophyll

Why are most plants green? Have you ever had the same question? Perhaps, you’ve been told that the plants are green... Read More

Chemiosmosis

Chemiosmosis Definition What is chemiosmosis? In biology, chemiosmosis refers to the process of moving ions (e.g. protons)... Read More

Chloroplast

Chloroplast Definition What is chloroplast? In biology, a chloroplast refers to the organelle found within the cell of... Read More

Gerontoplast

Definition noun, plural: gerontoplasts A plastid that forms from chloroplast during senescence Supplement Plastids are... Read More

Lamellae

Definition noun, singular: lamella (general) Thin structures resembling a plate. (cell biology) Intergrana thylakoids, i.e.... Read More

Cyanobacteria

Cyanobacteria is a phylum comprised of photosynthetic bacteria that live in aquatic habitats and moist soils. Others are... Read More

Granum

Definition noun, plural: grana The collective term for the stack of thylakoids within the chloroplast of plant... Read More

Organelle

An organelle refers to any of the various cellular structures that perform a distinctive function inside a cell. The cell is... Read More

Light reactions

Definition noun The series of biochemical reactions in photosynthesis that require light energy that is captured by... Read More

Prokaryote

Prokaryote refers to any of the group of organisms primarily characterized by the lack of true nucleus and other... Read More

Electron transport chain

Definition noun A group of compounds that pass electron from one to another via redox reactions coupled with the transfer of... Read More

Active transport

Active transport is a type of cellular transport in which substances (e.g. ions, glucose, and amino acids) are transported... Read More

Hydrogen-transporting ATP synthase

Definition noun A membrane enzyme that allows the diffusion of protons (hydrogen ions) through its proton channel component... Read More

Light-dependent reaction

Definition noun The series of biochemical reactions in photosynthesis that require light energy that is captured by... Read More

Photosystem

Definition noun, plural: photosystems A multisubunit complex found mainly in the thylakoid membranes of plants and algae,... Read More

Accessory pigment

Definition noun, plural: accessory pigments A non-chlorophyll pigment inside the chloroplast of photosynthetic organisms,... Read More

Photosynthesis

Definition noun The synthesis of complex organic material using carbon dioxide, water, inorganic salts, and light energy... Read More

Tannosome

Definition noun, plural: tannosomes An organelle, particularly a special type of leucoplast, involved primarily in... Read More

Etioplast

Definition noun, plural: etioplasts (botany) A plastid that developed in darkness or under low light conditions Supplement A... Read More

Chloroplast DNA

Definition noun plural: chloroplast DNAs DNA in the chloroplast that carries the code for proteins and RNAs essential to... Read More

Cell

A cell is a membrane-bound structure that occurs as a functional independent unit of life (such as in unicellular organisms,... Read More