211 results found

Search Results for: x-linked

X-linked inheritance

Definition noun (genetics) Inheritance for genes on the X chromosome Supplement Sex chromosomes are not only relevant for... Read More

Sex-linked trait

Definition noun, plural: sex-linked traits A trait genetically determined by an allele located on the sex... Read More

X-linked

Definition adjective (genetics) That which is associated with the X chromosome Supplement The term X-linked is defined as... Read More

Sex-linked gene

Definition noun, plural: sex-linked genes A gene located in the sex chromosome. Supplement In humans, the sex... Read More

Sex-linked disorder

Definition noun, plural: sex-linked disorders A genetic disorder caused by or linked to gene(s) located in the sex... Read More

Sex-linked

Definition adjective (1) Pertaining to a gene located in the sex chromosome (especially an X chromosome). (2) Pertaining to... Read More

Chromosomes X and Y and Sex Determination

Reviewed by: Mary Anne Clark, Ph.D. In humans, the normal chromosome complement is 46, consisting of 22 pairs of... Read More

Y-linked inheritance

Definition noun (genetics) Inheritance for genes on the Y chromosome Supplement Sex chromosomes are not only relevant... Read More

X linkage

Definition noun, plural: X linkages (genetics) A form of sex linkage involving particularly the X chromosome Supplement The... Read More

Oligosaccharide

Definition noun plural: oligosaccharides ol·i·go·sac·cha·ride, ˌɒlɪɡəʊˈsækəɹaɪd (biochemistry) A... Read More

Chemical Composition of the Body

In order to fully understand the mechanisms of human physiology, it is important to have an understanding of the chemical... Read More

Polysaccharide

Reviewed by: Todd Smith, PhD Polysaccharide Definition noun plural: polysaccharides pol·y·sac·cha·ride,... Read More

Sphingolipid

Definition noun plural: sphingolipids sphin·go·lip·id A type of lipid with a sphingoid base (e.g. sphingosine and... Read More

Y linkage

Definition noun, plural: Y linkages (genetics) A form of sex linkage involving particularly the Y chromosome Supplement Sex... Read More

Glycosylation

Definition noun A biochemical process where a glycan attaches to a protein, a lipid, or other organic molecule, especially... Read More

Linked genes

Definition noun, singular: linked gene Genes that are inherited together with the other gene(s) as they are located on the... Read More

Sex linkage

Definition noun, plural: sex linkages A condition in which a trait or a phenotype manifesting apparently more frequently in... Read More

Muscle

Muscle cells are specialized to generate force and movement. There are three types of muscle tissue: (1) skeletal muscle,... Read More

Cell wall

The cell is the structural, functional, and biological unit of all organisms. It is a membrane-bound structure containing... Read More

Phosphorylation

Phosphorylation Definition We can define phosphorylation as a biochemical process in which a phosphate molecule is added to... Read More

Monogenic disease

Definition noun An inherited disease determined by the interaction of a single pair of genes Supplement A monogenic disease... Read More

Cellulose

Cellulose Definition noun plural: celluloses cel·lu·lose, sĕl′yə-lōs (1) A polysaccharide consisting of a linear... Read More

Colour blindness

Colour blindness a sex-linked inherited condition where there is an inability to distinguish colours. Very few women are... Read More

Glycolipid

Definition noun, plural: glycolipids A carbohydrate, usually an oligosaccharide, that is covalently linked to a lipid... Read More

Isomaltose

Definition noun plural: isomaltoses i·so·mal·tose, aɪsoʊˈmɔːltəʊz A disaccharide formed from the combination of... Read More

Glycoconjugate

Definition noun, plural: glycoconjugates A carbohydrate chemically linked to another compound, e.g. lipid or... Read More

Pseudodominance

Definition noun (genetics) The manifestation of a recessive trait, mimicking an inheritance of a dominant... Read More

Y chromosome

Definition noun, plural: Y chromosomes The male-determining sex chromosome particularly in humans and other... Read More

Glycerolipid

Definition noun, plural: glycerolipids A type of lipid made up of a glycerol linked esterically to a fatty acid Supplement A... Read More

Dextrin

Definition noun, plural: dextrins A carbohydrate that has a chemical formula of C18H32O16, used chiefly as a thickening... Read More

Overview of Chirology

Psychodiagnostic Chirology (PDC) is a comprehensive diagnostic discipline applied by professional behavioral specialists in... Read More

Rough endoplasmic reticulum

Definition noun plural: rough endoplasmic reticula (cell biology) A type of endoplasmic reticulum wherein polyribosomes... Read More

Cerebroside

Definition noun, plural: cerebrosides A glycosphingolipid made of a monosaccharide or an oligosaccharide linked... Read More

Lipid

Definition noun plural: lipids lip·id, ˈlɪp ɪd, ˈlaɪ pɪd A fatty or waxy organic compound that is readily soluble... Read More

Muscles of the Apes – a thwack on human muscle evolution

Summary: A recent finding suggests that apes do have the muscles for bipedalism, vocal communication, and facial... Read More

Genetic Information and Protein Synthesis

Genetic Code Genes are sequences of DNA nucleotides that carry and transmit the information specifying amino acid sequences... Read More

Endoplasmic reticulum

Definition noun plural: endoplasmic reticula (cell biology) A membrane-bound organelle that occurs as labyrinthine,... Read More

Y-linked gene

Definition noun, plural: Y-linked genes A gene located on the Y chromosome Supplement Y chromosome is the male chromosome of... Read More

Dextran

Dextran high molecular weight polysaccharides synthesised by some micro organisms. Consist of D glucose linked by - 1,6... Read More

Protein synthesis

Protein synthesis is the process of creating protein molecules. In biological systems, it involves amino acid synthesis,... Read More