36 results found

Search Results for: y-linked inheritance

Y-linked inheritance

Definition noun (genetics) Inheritance for genes on the Y chromosome Supplement Sex chromosomes are not only relevant... Read More

Sex-linked trait

Definition of Sex-Linked Traits A sex-linked trait is an observable characteristic of an organism that is influenced by the... Read More

Polygenic inheritance

Polygenic inheritance refers to the kind of inheritance in which the trait is produced from the cumulative effects of many... Read More

X-linked inheritance

Definition noun (genetics) Inheritance for genes on the X chromosome Supplement Sex chromosomes are not only relevant for... Read More

Law of Segregation

Mendel’s Laws of Inheritance The father of genetics, Gregor Mendel, reported his findings in 1860 that initially were... Read More

Autosome

Autosomes can be described as the non-sex chromosomes that play diverse roles in the human body like harboring genes for the... Read More

Chromosomes X and Y and Sex Determination

Reviewed by: Mary Anne Clark, Ph.D. In humans, the normal chromosome complement is 46, consisting of 22 pairs of... Read More

Independent Assortment

Independent Assortment Definition Independent assortment refers to the alleles or genes that sort into the newly formed... Read More

X linkage

Definition noun, plural: X linkages (genetics) A form of sex linkage involving particularly the X chromosome Supplement The... Read More

Gene

A gene is the fundamental, physical, and functional unit of heredity. The genes make up the sequences of DNA (genotypes).... Read More

X-linked

Definition adjective (genetics) That which is associated with the X chromosome Supplement The term X-linked is defined as... Read More

Multiple alleles

Alleles are the pairs of genes occupying a specific spot called locus on a chromosome. Typically, there are only two alleles... Read More

Monogenic disease

Monogenic Disease Definition A monogenic disease is a diseased condition determined by the interaction of a single gene.... Read More

Y-linked gene

Definition noun, plural: Y-linked genes A gene located on the Y chromosome Supplement Y chromosome is the male chromosome of... Read More

Allele

Allele Definition What are alleles? An allele is a term coined to describe a specific copy of a gene. Genes, the DNA... Read More

Mitochondrion

Mitochondrion Definition What are mitochondria? The term “mitochondrion” comes from the two words of the Greek... Read More

Y linkage

Definition noun, plural: Y linkages (genetics) A form of sex linkage involving particularly the Y chromosome Supplement Sex... Read More

Natural selection

Natural Selection Definition What is natural selection in biology? Natural selection is defined as a process in nature... Read More

Y chromosome

Y chromosome Definition The Y chromosome constitutes one member of the pair of sex chromosomes within an organism, a common... Read More

Family traits

When one thinks of family, they often think of persons who are blood-related to each other as parents to their children and... Read More

Pseudodominance

Definition noun (genetics) The manifestation of a recessive trait, mimicking an inheritance of a dominant... Read More

Mosaicism

Cells often go through many divisions before they become a part of an organism’s genetic make-up. This leaves room for... Read More

Conjugate

Conjugate Definition Conjugate in a broader sense refers to related pairs of substances or entities that are interconnected... Read More

Centromere

Centromere Definition Centromere is defined as the point of attachment for the sister chromatids generated after DNA... Read More

Isomaltose

Definition noun plural: isomaltoses i·so·mal·tose, aɪsoʊˈmɔːltəʊz A disaccharide formed from the combination of... Read More

Polymorphism

Polymorphism Definition The occurrence of two or more different forms or morphs in the population of a species is referred... Read More

Homologous chromosome

A homologous chromosome pertains to one of a pair of chromosomes with the same gene sequence, loci, chromosomal length, and... Read More

Genetic Information and Protein Synthesis

Genetic Code Genes are sequences of DNA nucleotides that carry and transmit the information specifying amino acid sequences... Read More

Sex linkage

Definition noun, plural: sex linkages A condition in which a trait or a phenotype manifesting apparently more frequently in... Read More

Recessive

Definition adjective (genetics) Of, or pertaining to, a gene (or allele) whose phenotypic expression is masked by a... Read More

Punnett Square

Punnett Square Definition A tool that helps to show all possible allelic combinations of gametes in a cross of parents with... Read More

Syndrome

Definition Of Syndrome A syndrome is a collection of signs, symptoms, series of events, and/or characteristics that occur... Read More

Colour blindness

Colour blindness a sex-linked inherited condition where there is an inability to distinguish colours. Very few women are... Read More

Nasses law

Nasse's law An early statement of the pattern of x-linked recessive inheritance: haemophilia affects only boys but is... Read More

Monogenic trait

Definition noun A trait produced by the effect of a gene or an allele Supplement A monogenic trait is a trait produced... Read More

X chromosome

Definition noun, plural: X chromosomes A mammalian sex chromosome which typically occurs in two in females and one in... Read More