Dictionary > Brevibacillus brevis

Brevibacillus brevis

Definition
noun
A motile aerobic ellipsoidal spore forming rod organisms involved in gramicidin production an antimicrobial peptide that permeabilized bacterial membrane.
Supplement
Brevibacillus brevis has a size of at least 0.6-1.0 micrometer in diameter that is gram variable either gram-positive or gram-negative with long several peritrichous flagella which is primarily isolated from soil and food as well as in rhizospheres, paper products, milk, cheese and airborne dust. It is versatile and capable of respiration using simple organic compound like amino acid, sugar and organic acids which exhibits generation times at about 25 minutes. Its vegetative cell surface is laminated structure that consists of a capsule, layers of peptidoglycan and proteins on the outer surface
Brevibacillus brevis has a unique ability to produce antibiotic gramicidin or tyrocidin and molluscicidal activity. It has been employed successfully as host bacteria for extracellular production of protein such as thermophilic alpha-amylase and human epidermal growth factor.
Brevibacillus brevis is implicated in peritonitis on individual having hepatocellular carcinoma due probably from the ingestion of fermented foods containing Brevibacillus brevis spores yet it is rarely associated in infectious diseases.
Synonym:
Bacillus brevis
Scientific classification:
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Firmicutes
Class: Bacilli
Order: Bacillales
Family: Paenibacillaceae
Genus: Brevibacillus
Species: Brevibacillus brevis
See also:
Bacteria
• Aerobic organisms


You will also like...

Sensory systems
Sensory Systems

A sensory system is a part of the nervous system consisting of sensory receptors that receive stimuli from the internal ..

Plant biology
Plant Biology

Plantlife can be studied at a variety of levels, from the molecular, genetic and biochemical level through organelles, c..

The Human Physiology
The Human Physiology

Physiology is the study of how living organisms function. Thus, human physiology deals specifically with the physiologic..

Consciousness and behavior
Consciousness and Behavior

Human consciousness and behavior are an interesting topic since they are determined and controlled by the brain. Conscio..

Electromagnetic spectrum of a brain
Sleep and Dreams – Neurology

While learning and intelligence are associated with the functions of a conscious mind, sleep and dreams are activities o..

Non-Mendelian Inheritance
Non-Mendelian Inheritance

In this tutorial, find out more about certain types of inheritance that does not follow the Mendelian inheritance patter..