Dictionary > Generalized peritonitis

Generalized peritonitis

Definition
noun
A type of peritonitis affecting the entire abdomen, and in which the abdominal tenderness is diffuse and the inflammation is widespread and not localized
Supplement
Peritonitis pertains to the inflammation of the peritoneum. Peritoneum is the smooth serous membrane that lines the cavity of the abdomen and covers most of the abdominal organs. Peritonitis is marked by exudation in the peritoneum of serum, fibrin, cells, and pus. It is often accompanied by an abdominal pain and tenderness, as well as constipation, vomiting, and moderate fever. Peritonitis may be localized or generalized.
Generalized peritonitis is a type of peritonitis that is affecting the entire abdomen, and is associated with widespread inflammation and diffuse abdominal tenderness. It often results from an infection. Bacteria that gain access to the peritoneum results in its inflammation. Bacteria may come from gangrene or perforation of a viscus, e.g. appendicitis, perforated ulcer, etc. As for the non-infective causes, generalized peritonitis may be due to a leakage of certain sterile body fluids into the peritoneum. An example of a non-infective cause is the leakage of gastric juice from peptic ulcer. Another non-infective cause is the leakage of bile post-cholecystectomy. Generalized peritonitis, especially if acute, is often the more dangerous or life-threatening type of peritonitis.
Compare:

See also:

  • peritoneum
  • peritonitis


  • You will also like...

    Protein (illustration)
    Protein Variety

    The sequence of amino acids determines the type of protein. Protein is synthesized according to the sequence of nucleoti..

    green leaf - close up view
    Leaves

    Leaves are the major photosynthetic organ of a plant. Apart from that, they are also crucial to water movement. In this ..

    Psychiatry and mental disorders
    Psychiatry & Mental Disorders

    Different mental disorders are described here. Read this tutorial to get an overview of schizophrenia, affective mood di..

    Population Regulation in an Ecosystem
    Population Regulation in an Ecosystem

    With regard to the population size of a species and what factors may affect them, two factors have been defined. They ar..

    Chemical composition of the body
    Chemical Composition of the Body

    The body is comprised of different elements with hydrogen, oxygen, carbon, and nitrogen as the major four. This tutorial..

    Freshwater aquatic plankton
    Freshwater Communities & Plankton

    Planktons are microscopic organisms that live suspended in aquatic habitats. There are two groups: the phytoplanktons an..

    Related Articles...

    No related articles found

    See all Related Topics