Dictionary > Generalized peritonitis

Generalized peritonitis

Definition
noun
A type of peritonitis affecting the entire abdomen, and in which the abdominal tenderness is diffuse and the inflammation is widespread and not localized
Supplement
Peritonitis pertains to the inflammation of the peritoneum. Peritoneum is the smooth serous membrane that lines the cavity of the abdomen and covers most of the abdominal organs. Peritonitis is marked by exudation in the peritoneum of serum, fibrin, cells, and pus. It is often accompanied by an abdominal pain and tenderness, as well as constipation, vomiting, and moderate fever. Peritonitis may be localized or generalized.
Generalized peritonitis is a type of peritonitis that is affecting the entire abdomen, and is associated with widespread inflammation and diffuse abdominal tenderness. It often results from an infection. Bacteria that gain access to the peritoneum results in its inflammation. Bacteria may come from gangrene or perforation of a viscus, e.g. appendicitis, perforated ulcer, etc. As for the non-infective causes, generalized peritonitis may be due to a leakage of certain sterile body fluids into the peritoneum. An example of a non-infective cause is the leakage of gastric juice from peptic ulcer. Another non-infective cause is the leakage of bile post-cholecystectomy. Generalized peritonitis, especially if acute, is often the more dangerous or life-threatening type of peritonitis.
Compare:

See also:

  • peritoneum
  • peritonitis


  • You will also like...

    Crossing Over and Genetic Diversity
    Inheritance and Probability

    Gregor Mendel, an Austrian monk, is most famous in this field for his study of the phenotype of pea plants, including ..

    Endemic Flora of New Zealand
    New Zealand’s Unique Flora

    If New Zealand has lots of unique animals, it's also got a whole lot of unique plants. Find out more about some of them,..

    Schematic diagram of bacterial lactose operon
    Gene Action – Operon Hypothesis

    Learn how the way genes control and determine every aspect of the body. This lesson uses lac operon as an example. ..

    ..

    Genetics – Lesson Outline & Worksheets
    Genetics – Lesson Outline & Worksheets

      Topics Modules Quizzes/Worksheets Description Introduction to Genetics Genetics – Definition: Heredity and ..

    Still Water Community Plants
    Still Water Community Plants

    This tutorial looks at the adaptations of freshwater plants for them to thrive in still water habitats. Familiarize your..

    A chart depicting Mendel's Law of Dominance
    Mendel’s Law & Mendelian Genetics

    One of Mendel’s law of inheritance is the “law of dominance”. Read this tutorial to know more about this form of i..

    Related Articles...

    No related articles found

    See all Related Topics