Dictionary > Generalized peritonitis

Generalized peritonitis

Definition
noun
A type of peritonitis affecting the entire abdomen, and in which the abdominal tenderness is diffuse and the inflammation is widespread and not localized
Supplement
Peritonitis pertains to the inflammation of the peritoneum. Peritoneum is the smooth serous membrane that lines the cavity of the abdomen and covers most of the abdominal organs. Peritonitis is marked by exudation in the peritoneum of serum, fibrin, cells, and pus. It is often accompanied by an abdominal pain and tenderness, as well as constipation, vomiting, and moderate fever. Peritonitis may be localized or generalized.
Generalized peritonitis is a type of peritonitis that is affecting the entire abdomen, and is associated with widespread inflammation and diffuse abdominal tenderness. It often results from an infection. Bacteria that gain access to the peritoneum results in its inflammation. Bacteria may come from gangrene or perforation of a viscus, e.g. appendicitis, perforated ulcer, etc. As for the non-infective causes, generalized peritonitis may be due to a leakage of certain sterile body fluids into the peritoneum. An example of a non-infective cause is the leakage of gastric juice from peptic ulcer. Another non-infective cause is the leakage of bile post-cholecystectomy. Generalized peritonitis, especially if acute, is often the more dangerous or life-threatening type of peritonitis.
Compare:

See also:

  • peritoneum
  • peritonitis


    You will also like...

    Adaptation Tutorial
    Adaptation Tutorial

    Adaptation, in biology and ecology, refers to the process or trait through which organisms or the populations in a habit..

    Evolution of Life - Ancient Earth
    Evolution of Life – Ancient Earth

    Autotrophs flourished, absorbing carbon and light. Soon after, primitive life forms that could assimilate oxygen thrived..

    Non-Mendelian Inheritance
    Non-Mendelian Inheritance

    In this tutorial, find out more about certain types of inheritance that does not follow the Mendelian inheritance patter..

    Transpiration
    Water in Plants

    The movement of molecules (specifically, water and solutes) is vital to the understanding of plant processes. This tuto..

    Psychiatry and mental disorders
    Psychiatry & Mental Disorders

    Different mental disorders are described here. Read this tutorial to get an overview of schizophrenia, affective mood di..

    takahē
    Takahē (Porphyrio hochstetteri)

    Meet the colorful takahē, an extremely rare flightless bird. Find out more about its unique features and why they matte..