Dictionary > Localized peritonitis

Localized peritonitis

Definition
noun
A type of peritonitis that is confined to a demarcated region of the peritoneal cavity
Supplement
Peritonitis pertains to the inflammation of the peritoneum. Peritoneum is the smooth serous membrane that lines the cavity of the abdomen and covers most of the abdominal organs. Peritonitis is marked by exudation in the peritoneum of serum, fibrin, cells, and pus. It is often accompanied by an abdominal pain and tenderness, as well as constipation, vomiting, and moderate fever. Peritonitis may be localized or generalized.
Localized peritonitis is a type of peritonitis that is confined to a demarcated region of the peritoneal cavity. It often surrounds a focal lesion. For instance, pancreatitis results in inflamed peritoneum that is localized.
Localized peritonitis is often less life-threatening than the generalized type. The generalized peritonitis, in comparison is, affecting the entire abdomen. The abdominal tenderness is diffuse and the inflammation is widespread. Nevertheless, a localized peritonitis may develop into generalized peritonitis.
Localized peritonitis in the right lower quadrant of the abdomen is often associated with acute appendicitis. In the right upper quadrant, it is often due to acute cholecystitis. In the left lower quadrant, it may be due to an acute diverticulitis. Peritonitis in the left upper quadrant is not uncommon. 1
Variant:

  • localised peritonitis

Synonym:

  • focal peritonitis
  • circumscribed peritonitis
  • Compare:

    See also:

  • peritoneum
  • peritonitis
  • Reference(s):

    1 Schein, M. & Rogers, P. (2005). Schein’s common sense emergency abdominal surgery. Berlin New York: Springer. p.21


    You will also like...

    Control of body movement
    Control of Body Movement

    Some of the body movements can be controlled at will, others cannot. The body has a motor program, which is the pattern ..

    Body temperature regulation by the hypothalamus
    Temperature Regulation in Animals

    This tutorial elucidates body temperature regulation. Know the details here to learn how the body sets the body temperat..

    An artist's depiction of the origin of amphibians
    Amphibians & Early Reptiles

    Obtaining air outside an aquatic environment required species to acquire suitable adaptations, and this was the case of ..

    Developmental Biology
    Developmental Biology

    Developmental biology is a biological science that is primarily concerned with how a living thing grows and attains matu..

    Schematic diagram of bacterial lactose operon
    Gene Action – Operon Hypothesis

    Learn how the way genes control and determine every aspect of the body. This lesson uses lac operon as an example. ..

    ..

    Human perception in action
    Human Perception – Neurology

    This tutorial investigates perception as two people can interpret the same thing differently. Know more about human perc..

    Related Articles...

    No related articles found

    See all Related Topics