Dictionary > Monkey

Monkey

Definition
noun, plural: monkeys
Any of the long-tailed, dry-nosed primates but excluding the prosimians
Supplement
Monkeys are primates with the exclusion of the prosimians. Prosimians have relatively primitive features as exemplified by lemurs, lorisoids, tarsiers, adapiforms, and non-simian omomyids. They are characterized by having a long tail and for being haplorrhine (i.e. dry-nosed). There are references that use the terms monkeys and apes interchangeably. However, stricter usage of the terms would delineate apes and monkeys as separate and distinct groups of primates.
Monkeys may be classified into two major groups: (1) New World monkeys and (2) Old World monkeys. A feature common between these two groups is having a long tail. Nevertheless, the New World monkeys have a prehensile tail whereas the Old World monkeys have a tail that is not prehensile. The New World monkeys (platyrrhines) include marmosets, tamarins, capuchins, squirrel monkeys, owl monkeys, titis, sakis, uakaris, woolly monkeys, etc. The pygmy marmoset is considered as the world’s smallest monkey. The Old World monkeys (family Cercopithecidae) include macaques, baboons, mandrills, talapoins, colobus monkeys, guenons, langurs, mangabeys, patas, and talapoins.
Scientific classification:

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Mammalia
  • Order: Primates
  • Suborder: Haplorhini
  • Infraorder: Simiiformes (Haeckel, 1866)

See also:

Related term(s):

  • Mason-pfiser monkey virus
  • Monkey-bread
  • Monkey hand
  • Yaba monkey virus

You will also like...

Balanced Diet
A Balanced Diet – Minerals and Proteins

Proteins and minerals can be derived from various dietary sources. They are essential for the proper growth and developm..

Schematic diagram of DNA replication
DNA Structure & DNA Replication

DNA is a double helix structure comprised of nucleotides. A nucleotide, in turn, is made up of phosphate molecule, deoxy..

Freshwater aquatic plankton
Freshwater Communities & Plankton

Planktons are microscopic organisms that live suspended in aquatic habitats. There are two groups: the phytoplanktons an..

Stem
Stems

Stems primarily provide plants structural support. This tutorial includes lectures on the external form of a woody twig ..

Lights' Effect on Growth
Lights’ Effect on Growth

This tutorial elaborates on the effect of light on plant growth. It describes how different plants require different amo..

An artistic depiction of Dunkleosteus fish
Fish

The sea was teeming with life. Eventually, through reproduction and continued variation, fish came about. There are over..