Dictionary > Old World monkey

Old World monkey

Definition
noun, plural: Old World monkeys
Any of the primates that belong to the family Cercopithecidae of the suborder Haplorhini
Supplement
The Old World monkeys pertain to a group of primates belonging to the family Cercopithecidae. They are found mainly in Africa, Arabian peninsula, and Asia. They include macaques, baboons, mandrills, talapoins, colobus monkeys, guenons, langurs, mangabeys, patas, and talapoins. They belong to the parvorder Catarrhini and therefore are characterized by having a narrow nose with nostrils close together. They have flat fingernails and toenails, eight instead of 12 premolars, and lacking prehensile tails. They differ from the apes in a way that most of them have tails. Nevertheless, their tails are not prehensile, which makes them different from the New World monkeys.
The Old World monkeys are medium to large-sized primates. Some of them are arboreal (e.g. colobus monkeys) whereas others are terrestrial (e.g. baboons). Their diet varies from plant materials such as leaves, fruits, roots, bulbs, rhizomes, and flowers to insects, snails, and small vertebrates.
Scientific classification:

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Mammalia
  • Order: Primates
  • Suborder: Haplorhini
  • Superfamily: Cercopithecoidea
  • Family: Cercopithecidae Gray, 1821

See also:

  • primate
  • New World monkey


    You will also like...

    Human Reproduction
    Human Reproduction

    Humans are capable of only one mode of reproduction, i.e. sexual reproduction. Haploid sex cells (gametes) are produced ..

    Mātauranga Māori and Science Collaboration
    Mātauranga Māori and Science

    Mātauranga Māori is the living knowledge system of the indigenous people of New Zealand, including the relationships t..

    Genetic engineering
    Genetic Engineering Advantages & Disadvantages

    This tutorial presents the benefits and the possible adverse eventualities of genetic engineering. Know more about this ..

    A sperm cell fertilizing an ovum
    Human Reproduction and Fertilization

    For human species to obviate extinction, reproductive mature adults should be producing viable offspring in order to con..

    Lentic community
    Freshwater Communities & Lentic Waters

    Lentic or still water communities can vary greatly in appearance -- from a small temporary puddle to a large lake. The s..

    Plant meristem
    Plant Meristems and Growth

    In plants, growth occurs in meristems, which are the site of repeated cell division of unspecialized cells. These cells ..