132 results found

Search Results for: bloodstream

Glycogen

Definition noun plural: glycogens gly·co·gen, glī′kə-jən A multi-branched polymer of glucose, mainly produced in... Read More

Glucose

Glucose occurs naturally and is ubiquitous. It is one of the three most common monosaccharides; the other two are fructose... Read More

Glycosuria

Definition noun, plural: glycosuria The presence of atypically high sugar level in urine Supplement Glycosuria is a... Read More

Homeostasis

Homeostasis is the tendency not to stray from the range of favorable or ideal internal conditions. Such conditions must be... Read More

Carbohydrate

Carbohydrate Definition A biomolecule refers to any molecule that is produced by living organisms. As such, most of them... Read More

Lymph nodes

Lymph nodes definition Lymph nodes are small, bean-shaped organs located in different parts of the body and act as... Read More

Glucagon

Definition noun A peptide hormone (3485 D) produced by the alpha cells of the pancreas, and acts by stimulating the... Read More

Sugar

Definition noun plural: sugars sug·ar, ˈʃʊɡɚ (1) Any monosaccharide or disaccharide, used especially by organisms... Read More

Effect of Chemicals on Growth & Development in Organisms

Plants Plants require a large number of elements to function properly, mainly carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen, essentially... Read More

Lipolysis

Definition noun The process of breaking down of lipids (fats) into fatty acids and glycerol Supplement Lipolysis is the... Read More

Assimilation

Assimilation Definition What is assimilation? Assimilation in biology is defined as the process in which living organisms... Read More

Lipogenesis

Definition noun The synthesis of lipid (fat) Supplement Lipogenesis is the process of producing lipid or fat. In biology,... Read More

Angiotensinogen

Definition noun An alpha-2 globulin protein that is found in the bloodstream and release into circulation mainly by the... Read More

Homeostasis of Organism Water Regulation

Osmoregulation Osmoregulation is the regulation of water concentrations in the bloodstream, effectively controlling the... Read More

White adipose tissue

Definition noun, plural: white adipose tissues A type of adipose tissue found in mammals used to store energy and acts as... Read More

Facilitated diffusion

Facilitated diffusion is the transport of substances across a biological membrane from an area of higher concentration to an... Read More

Pathobiology of allergy and its most severe form, anaphylaxis

When allergy season looms, some people with serious hypersensitivity to allergens tend to be apprehensive of what may come.... Read More

Bloodstream

Definition noun The blood flowing through a circulatory system of an animal, carrying substances from one tissue to... Read More

Lymphatic vessel

Definition noun, plural: lymphatic vessels (anatomy) A vessel that carries lymph and is responsible for the removal of... Read More

Merozoite

Definition noun, plural: merozoites A cell formed during the asexual division of the schizont; a stage in the life cycle of... Read More

Polysaccharide

Reviewed by: Todd Smith, PhD Polysaccharide Definition noun plural: polysaccharides pol·y·sac·cha·ride,... Read More

Fructose

Definition noun plural: fructoses fruc•tose, ˈfɹʊk.toʊs A ketohexose monosaccharide with a chemical formula of... Read More

Bolus injection

Definition noun The injection of drug in a bolus, i.e. a large volume, at once Supplement A bolus injection is the... Read More

Pancreas

Definition noun, plural: pancreases or pancreata A tongue-shaped glandular structure involved in the secretion of fluid... Read More

Glycogenolysis

Definition noun The metabolic process of breaking down stored glycogen in liver into glucose subunits (i.e.... Read More

Dead Man Walking

Dead Man Walking: Wade Davis and the Secret of the Zombie Poison By Patrick D. Hahn Accepted on September 4, 2007 Twenty... Read More

Maltose

Definition noun plural: maltoses mal·tose, ˈmɔːltəʊz A reducing disaccharide formed when two glucose monomers join... Read More

Sucrose

Definition noun plural: sucroses su·crose, ˈsukɹoʊs A disaccharide with a chemical formula of C12H22O11 that occurs in... Read More

Physiological Homeostasis

In animals such as ourselves, the internal environment of our bodies must have certain conditions within tolerable limits to... Read More

Human Biology – Food and Digestion

Food is what is required by humans to grow and survive, and provide a 'fuel' for the energy needed in our biological... Read More

Animal Water Regulation

Homeostatic control, a set environment, and how evolution and natural selection drives a species to adapt to its environment... Read More

Isotonic

Isotonic Definition What does isotonic mean? The term "isotonic" is used in physiology, anatomy, and physical chemistry.... Read More

Diabetes

Diabetes Definition Diabetes is a metabolic disorder characterized by excessive urine excretion (polyuria) and persistent... Read More

Glycerol

Definition noun glyc•er•ol, ˈglɪs əˌrɔl A sugar alcohol made up of two polyols derived from saponification of... Read More

Cancer

Cancer definition In biology, cancer is defined as the malignant growth due to uncontrolled cell division. It is now used... Read More

Hormone

Definition noun, plural: hormones (physiology) Any of the substances produced and secreted by an endocrine gland, and then... Read More

An introduction to Homeostasis

Researched and Written by Jonjo Minns Submitted to biologyonline.com on February 25, 2009. Published in biologyonline.com... Read More

Oxytocin – Of Love, Fear, and Anxiety

Oxytocin has long had a reputation of being the "love hormone". It engenders social bonding, attachment, intimacy, and... Read More

Hemolysin

Definition noun, plural: hemolysins An agent or substance that causes hemolysis, i.e. the lysis of red blood cells resulting... Read More

Closed circulatory system

Definition noun A type of circulatory system where blood circulates within closed vessels, thus, blood is distinct from... Read More