Biology Tutorials > Regulation of Biological Systems > Homeostasis of Organism Water Regulation

Homeostasis of Organism Water Regulation

Homeostasis by water regulation

Homeostasis by water regulation

Osmoregulation

Osmoregulation is the regulation of water concentrations in the bloodstream, effectively controlling the amount of water available for cells to absorb.

The homeostatic control of water is as follows

  • A change in water concentration leads to active via negative feedback control
  • Osmoreceptors that are capable of detecting water concentration are situated on the hypothalamus next to the circulatory system
  • The hypothalamus sends chemical messages to the pituitary gland next to it.
  • The pituitary gland secretes anti-diuretic hormone (ADH), which targets the kidney responsible for maintaining water levels.
  • When the hormone reaches its target tissue, it alters the tubules of the kidney to become more / less permeable to water
  • If more water is required in the bloodstream, high concentrations of ADH make the tubules more permeable.
  • If less water is required in the bloodstream, low concentrations of ADH make the tubules less permeable.

This is illustrated by the flow chart below

Negative Feedback Control of Water in Animals

Evolutionary Adaptations in Water Regulation

Some of the Adaptation tutorials investigate certain evolutionary adaptations that organisms have achieved through natural selection. This looks at ways in which both animals and plants can be better adapted to cope with extreme environments (desert or wetlands). These changes can be behavioral, physical or anatomical, and in some way promote water regulation. Both plants and animals appear to have adapted to their environment.

More Homeostasis

The body also contains negative feedback control mechanisms for the control of blood sugar concentration and temperature regulation. These types of homeostasis are described on the next tutorials, Sugar Homeostasis and Temperature Regulation in Animals, respectively.

 

Credit: Mr Exham Biology

 

Quiz

Write in the box the word or phrase within each parenthesis to complete the thought about the homeostatic process of water regulation.

Osmoreceptors detect the level of water concentration in the body. They are found in the (cerebrum/hypothalamus).
Upon activation, it releases chemical signals that act on the (pituitary gland/pineal gland).
This leads to the secretion of (androgenic hormone/anti-diuretic hormone).
This hormone, in turn, targets the (pancreas/kidney) responsible in maintaining water levels.
A high concentration of this hormone, for instance, will make the tubules (more/less) permeable to water.

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Biology Tutorials > Regulation of Biological Systems > Homeostasis of Organism Water Regulation

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