36 results found

Search Results for: efferent

Efferent neuron

Definition noun, plural: efferent neurons A neuron with an axon that carries nerve impulses peripherally, and innervates... Read More

Afferent Nerve

Afferent Nerve Definition The word ‘aferent’ means "steering or conducting something towards a destination". The... Read More

Efferent nerve

Definition noun, plural: efferent nerves The type of nerve that carries nerve impulses away from the central nervous system... Read More

Efferent

Efferent moving or carrying outward or away from a central part. Refers to vessels, nerves, etc. For example: blood vessels... Read More

Nervous System

    THE is the most complicated and highly organized of the various systems which make up the human body. It is the... Read More

De-efferentation

De-efferentation a loss of the motor nerve fibres to an area of the body. Origin: L. De, from, -... Read More

Neural Control Mechanisms

Nerve cells called neurons generate electric signals that pass from one end of the cell to another and release chemical... Read More

Rete testis

Definition noun, plural: rete testes A network of tubules in the hilum of the testicle, and serves as passageway for sperm... Read More

Kidneys and Regulation of Water and Inorganic Ions

Renal Functions Kidneys remove/add substances from/to the plasma. Regulate water concentration, inorganic ion... Read More

The Central Nervous System

Myelin Sheath Myelin is a substance that forms the myelin sheath associated with nerve cells. This sheath is a layer of... Read More

Ganglia

Ganglia Definition What are ganglia? To simply define ganglia in biology, it is the structure of an oval shape that... Read More

Afferent neuron

Definition noun, plural: afferent neurons A type of neuron that detects stimulus from the periphery and relays nerve... Read More

Somatic nervous system

Definition noun The part of the peripheral nervous system that consists of afferent nerves responsible in relaying motor... Read More

Lymphatic vessel

Definition noun, plural: lymphatic vessels (anatomy) A vessel that carries lymph and is responsible for the removal of... Read More

Internal capsule

Definition noun (anatomy) A fan-like, 8-10 mm thick of white matter separating the caudate nucleus and the thalamus from the... Read More

Spermatogenesis

Spermatogenesis Definition Spermatogenesis is the biological process of producing sperm cells. It occurs in the male gonad... Read More

Voluntary muscle

Definition noun, plural: voluntary muscles A muscle that can be controlled voluntarily Supplement Some of the muscles of the... Read More

Ganglion

Ganglia Definition What are ganglia? To simply define ganglia in biology, it is the structure of an oval shape that... Read More

Motor neuron

Definition noun, plural: motor neurons A type of neuron connected to a muscle fiber and originates from the central nervous... Read More

Lymph nodes

Lymph nodes definition Lymph nodes are small, bean-shaped organs located in different parts of the body and act as... Read More

Homeostatic Mechanisms and Cellular Communication

Homeostasis is the relatively stable conditions of the internal environment that result from compensatory regulatory... Read More

Jugulo-omohyoid node

Jugulo-omohyoid node --> jugulo-omohyoid lymph node a lymph node of the lateral deep cervical group that lies above the... Read More

Effector

Definition noun, plural: effectors (biochemistry) A molecule that binds to a protein and affects the function of that... Read More

Muscle

Muscle cells are specialized to generate force and movement. There are three types of muscle tissue: (1) skeletal muscle,... Read More

Human Neurology

Human Neurology deals essentially with the nervous system of humans. It also features the various theories put forward by... Read More

The Human Nervous System

The nervous system is essentially a biological information highway, and is responsible for controlling all the biological... Read More

Control of Body Movement

Motor Control Hierarchy A motor program is the pattern of neural activities required to perform a movement is created and... Read More

Neuron

Definition noun, plural: neurons An excitable cell that has specialized cell parts (such as soma, dendrites and axons),... Read More

Dendrite

Definition noun, plural: dendrites (1) Any of the threadlike extensions or projections of the cytoplasm of a neuron;... Read More

Gag reflex

Definition noun, plural: gag reflexes A reflex contraction characterized by retching or gagging when a foreign body comes in... Read More

Axon terminal

An axon terminal is any of the button-like endings of axons through which axons make synaptic contacts with other nerve... Read More

Relay neuron

Definition noun A local circuit neuron of the central nervous system that relays impulses between afferent neuron to... Read More

Component

Component (Science: physiology) a constituent element or part, specifically in neurology, a series of neurons forming a... Read More

Peripheral nervous system

Definition noun The part of the nervous system that relays between the central nervous system and the rest of the body,... Read More

Axon

Definition noun, plural: axons A long slender fibre of a neuron and is responsible for conducting nerve impulses away from... Read More

Spermiogenesis

Spermiogenesis Definition Spermiogenesis is the stage of spermatogenesis wherein the spermatids differentiate into mature... Read More