38 results found

Search Results for: elongation

Elongation

Definition noun (general) The state, act, or process of lengthening Supplement In general, the term elongation refers to the... Read More

Translation

In biology, translation is a step in protein biosynthesis where a genetic code from a strand of mRNA is decoded to produce a... Read More

Growth and Plant Hormones

Growth All living organisms begin in the same form: as a single cell. That cell will divide and the resulting cells will... Read More

Intercalary meristem

The basic structural framework of plants is composed of different types of tissues. Based upon the capacity to divide, the... Read More

Transcription (biology)

In biology, transcription is the process of transcribing or making a copy of the genetic information stored in a DNA strand... Read More

Protein synthesis

Protein synthesis is the process of creating protein molecules. In biological systems, it involves amino acid synthesis,... Read More

Roots

Upon seed germination, the embryo root, called the radicle, grows and develops into the first root. The radicle may thicken... Read More

Plant Auxins – Phototropism & Geotropism

As with animals, plants also use a variety of hormones to control their growth and development. A family of hormones called... Read More

Xylem

Xylem Definition Xylem is defined as a plant tissue that transfers water and nutrients from roots to all over the plant... Read More

Gibberellins and Gibberellic Acid

The family of gibberellins have a similar effect to that of auxins; they promote cell division and elongation. The major... Read More

Gene

A gene is the fundamental, physical, and functional unit of heredity. The genes make up the sequences of DNA (genotypes).... Read More

Ribonucleic acid

Ribonucleic Acid Definition noun (uncountable), ribonucleic acids ri·bo·nu·cle·ic ac·id, raɪboʊnjuːkliːɪk... Read More

Enzyme

Reviewed by: Todd Smith, PhD Definition noun plural: enzymes en·zyme, ˈɛnzaɪm (biochemistry) A... Read More

Initiation

Definition noun (general) The beginning of a state or of a process; the act of initiating Supplement In general sense, the... Read More

Lipogenesis

Definition noun The synthesis of lipid (fat) Supplement Lipogenesis is the process of producing lipid or fat. In biology,... Read More

Termination

Definition noun (general) The process, act, or state of terminating (biochemistry) A process in which the mRNA synthesis... Read More

Control of Growth & Development

Control of Growth & Development tutorials look at how the genetic makeup determines the biological processes on a day to... Read More

Genetic Information and Protein Synthesis

Genetic Code Genes are sequences of DNA nucleotides that carry and transmit the information specifying amino acid sequences... Read More

Muscle

Muscle cells are specialized to generate force and movement. There are three types of muscle tissue: (1) skeletal muscle,... Read More

A Protein Being Born – a live cell imaging of RNA translation

You probably already heard the concepts of translation in the central dogma of molecular biology. The dogma is an... Read More

Exogen

Definition noun (physiology) The phase of the hair cycle in which the hair is shed (botany) Any of the plants characterised... Read More

Uvuloptosis

uvuloptosis relaxation or elongation of the uvula. Synonym: falling palate, staphylodialysis, staphyloptosis,... Read More

White adipose tissue

Definition noun, plural: white adipose tissues A type of adipose tissue found in mammals used to store energy and acts as... Read More

Turgor pressure

In biology, turgor pressure definition pertains to the pressure that is exerted by the fluid (e.g. water) against the cell... Read More

Spermiogenesis

Spermiogenesis definition Spermiogenesis is the stage of spermatogenesis wherein the spermatids differentiate into mature... Read More

Modulus

modulus Origin: L, a small measure. See Module. (Science: mathematics) A quantity or coefficient, or constant, which... Read More

Chordata

Chordata Definition What is Chordata? Chordata is the phylum of the animal kingdom that includes a large number of animal... Read More

Triple response

Definition noun (immunology) The three cardinal circulatory responses of the skin (i.e. reddening, flare formation or... Read More

Phototropism

Definition noun, plural: photoropisms Growth or movement response of a cell or an organism to light Supplement In general,... Read More

Pyrophosphate

pyrophosphate (Science: chemistry) Two phosphate groups linked by esterification. Released in many of the synthetic steps... Read More

Frameshift mutation

Define Frameshift Mutation What is a frameshift mutation? In biology, insertions or deletions of nucleotides in the coding... Read More

Auxin

Auxin (Science: plant biology) a group of plant growth substances (often called phytohormones or plant hormones), the most... Read More

Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate

Definition noun A coenzyme made up of ribosylnicotinamide 5'-phosphate (nmn) coupled by pyrophosphatelinkage to the... Read More

Primary cell wall

Definition noun plural: primary cell walls ˈpɹaɪməɹi sɛl wɔːl The layer of the plant cell wall that forms prior to... Read More

Stimulus

We can detect hot or cold environments using our sense of temperature. When the temperature is too hot, sweating... Read More

Tissue

Tissue Definition What is tissue in the body? The body tissue is an aggregation of cells that function together and have a... Read More

Pulse

pulse (Science: cardiology, physiology) The impulse transmitted to arteries by contraction of the left ventricle of the... Read More

photobiology

Photobiology Definition Photobiology, the biology of light, is a subdiscipline in biology. It focuses on the effects of... Read More