41 results found

Search Results for: escherichia coli

Escherichia coli

Definition A Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped species belonging to the family... Read More

Entamoeba coli

Definition noun A non-pathogenic species of the genus Entamoeba that reside in the gastrointestinal tract of humans and... Read More

Facultative anaerobe

Facultative Anaerobe Definition What does facultative anaerobe mean? Facultative organisms are the most adaptable... Read More

Pathogen

What are Pathogens? Pathogens are defined as microscopic organisms, including viruses, bacteria, fungi, and parasites that... Read More

Flagellum

Flagellum Definition Flagellum is a slender, hair-like structure composed of a complex arrangement of multiple proteins,... Read More

Conjugate

Conjugate Definition Conjugate in a broader sense refers to related pairs of substances or entities that are interconnected... Read More

Asexual reproduction

Asexual Reproduction Definition What is asexual reproduction? Asexual reproduction is a type of reproduction that does not... Read More

Fastidious

Fastidious Definition We can define fastidious as a term used in microbiology to denote a species that lacks the ability to... Read More

Nucleoid

Definition noun plural: nucleoids nu·cle·oid, ˈnjuːklɪˌɔɪd The portion within a prokaryotic cell where the... Read More

Group translocation

Group Translocation Definition Just like your “home” is a private place where you and your comfort are maintained due... Read More

Ribosome

A biological cell is composed of many components called organelles. These organelles serve their specific purposes to make... Read More

Microbe

Microbe Definition What is a microbe? How do we define microbes?  Microbes refer to microorganisms that cannot be seen by... Read More

DNA polymerase I

Definition noun The first known DNA polymerase, encoded by polA gene, and is involved in DNA replication in... Read More

Heat-labile

Definition adjective Likely to be altered or degradation when subjected to heat Supplement In chemistry, the lability of a... Read More

“Mutualism factor” could explain why body does not attack normal flora

When sadness reeks in and you feel as if you are all by yourself, think again. That is because you are never alone. As a... Read More

Okazaki fragment

Definition noun, plural: Okazaki fragments Relatively short fragment of DNA synthesized on the lagging strand during DNA... Read More

Specific epithet

Definition noun, plural: specific epithets The second part of the binomial name of a particular species Supplement In... Read More

Enterobacteriaceae

Definition noun: (taxonomy) A family of gram-negative bacilli that inhabit the large intestine of humans and other... Read More

Cell morphology

The basic essence for any living organism is its structural framework which includes appearance, form, and the... Read More

Heterotroph

Heterotroph Definition What is a heterotroph? Does a heterotroph make its own food? In biology and ecology, a heterotroph... Read More

Reproduction

Reproduction Definition Reproduction is a biological phenomenon of producing offspring/s. i.e. more of its kind. Depending... Read More

Aerobic bacteria

Aerobic Bacteria Definition What does aerobic mean in biology? As the name suggests, 'aerobe' in biology means organisms... Read More

DNA polymerase II

Definition noun A DNA polymerase involved in DNA replication in prokaryotes, is encoded by polB gene, and composed of 783... Read More

Recombinant DNA

Definition noun Genetically-engineered DNA molecule formed by splicing fragments of DNA from a different source or from... Read More

Capsule

Definition noun, plural: (general) A small case, envelope, or covering. (anatomy) (1) A membranous sac or integument,... Read More

Human milk oligosaccharide

Definition noun plural: human milk oligosaccharides An oligosaccharide that occurs in high concentrations and exclusively... Read More

Binary vector

Definition noun Cloning vector that can propagate in both Escherichia coli and Agrobacterium tumefaciens for use in... Read More

Chemotroph

Chemotroph Definition A chemotroph refers to an organism that obtains energy mainly from carbon dioxide and from... Read More

Fructooligosaccharide

Definition noun plural: fructooligosaccharides fruc·to·ol·i·go·sac·cha·ride, ɪhɡəʊˈsækəɹaɪd An... Read More

Gammaproteobacteria

Definition noun (taxonomy) A class within Phylum Proteobacteria that includes unicellular bacteria that are mostly... Read More

Epistasis

Epistasis Definition What is epistasis in genetics? How does epistasis occur? The epistasis definition, in biology, refers... Read More

Flora

Flora in Roman history refers to flowers. Flora was considered the god of spring for the Roman empire. In ecology, flora is... Read More

Dna gyrase

Dna gyrase (Science: enzyme molecular biology) a type II topoisomerase of escherichia coli, that is essential for dna... Read More

Phenol coefficient

Chemical disinfectants are categorized based on the power of their disinfection for microbes and viruses. Strong... Read More

Gastroenteritis

Definition noun An inflammation of the lining of the gastrointestinal tract, particularly of the stomach and the... Read More

Lactose

Definition noun plural: lactoses lac·tose, ˈlæk.toʊs A disaccharide (chemical formula: C12H22O11) made up of one... Read More

Ecori restriction enzyme

Ecori restriction enzyme (Science: enzyme molecular biology) a commonly-used restriction enzyme (enzyme which will cleave... Read More

Archaea

Archaea is a group of prokaryotic life forms distinct from bacteria forming a separate domain of life. They possess... Read More

Bacteriophage

Definition noun, plural: bacteriophages A virus capable of infecting a bacterial cell, and may cause lysis to its host... Read More

Galactose

Definition noun plural: galactoses ga·lac·tose, ɡəˈlæktəʊz An aldohexose monosaccharide (chemical formula:... Read More