111 results found

Search Results for: functional group

Phosphorylation

Phosphorylation Definition We can define phosphorylation as a biochemical process in which a phosphate molecule is added to... Read More

Reducing sugar

Reducing Sugar Definition What is reducing sugar? The type of sugar that acts as the reducing agent and can effectively... Read More

Pyruvate

Pyruvate Definition Pyruvates have been often recognized as one of the most important molecules that are frequently... Read More

Polypeptide

Polypeptide Definition Biology What are polypeptides? A polypeptide is defined as a polymer of amino acids joined together... Read More

Functional group

Functional group- a group of atoms within a molecule that interacts in predictable ways with other... Read More

Moiety

Moiety Definition What is a moiety? Moiety (plural: moieties), in general, refers to the half or one of the two... Read More

Hydrophilic

Hydrophilic Definition What does a hydrophile or hydrophilic substances mean? If a molecule is “water-loving”, it is... Read More

Amphipathic

Amphipathic is a word used to describe a chemical compound containing both polar (water-soluble) and nonpolar (not... Read More

Catabolism

Catabolism Definition Catabolism is the branch of the metabolic process that breaks down complex, big molecules into... Read More

Zwitterion

Definition noun, plural: zwitterions A molecule carrying both a positive and a negative charge Supplement A zwitterion is a... Read More

Group

Definition noun, plural: groups (1) An assemblage of animals, plants, or microorganisms having the same distinctive... Read More

Biomolecule

Definition noun plural: biomolecules bi·o·mol·e·cule, ˈbaɪoʊ ˈmɑləkjul Any of the molecules produced by living... Read More

Tetrose

Definition noun, plural: tetroses A four-carbon monosaccharide Supplement Monosaccharides are the simplest form of... Read More

Organic Chemistry

Organic Chemistry     AUTHOR:  ... Read More

Gulose

Definition noun An aldohexose monosaccharide that is C-3 epimer of galactose Supplement Monosaccharides are the simplest... Read More

Talose

Definition noun An aldohexose monosaccharide that is C-2 epimeric with galactose Supplement Monosaccharides are the simplest... Read More

Altrose

Definition noun An aldohexose monosaccharide that is epimeric with mannose Supplement Monosaccharides are the simplest form... Read More

Idose

Definition noun An aldohexose monosaccharide that is isomeric with galactose Supplement Monosaccharides are the simplest... Read More

Independent variable

Independent Variable Definition To define independent variable, let us first understand what a variable is. The word... Read More

Enzyme

Reviewed by: Todd Smith, PhD Definition noun plural: enzymes en·zyme, ˈɛnzaɪm (biochemistry) A... Read More

Carboxyl group

Definition noun -COOH: a functional group comprised of a carbonyl group and a hydroxyl group, and present in all carboxylic... Read More

Coenzyme

Enzymes can break down complicated large molecules into simpler smaller ones, they can combine small molecules or atoms to... Read More

Mannose

Definition noun A hexoaldose monosaccharide with a chemical formula of C6H12O6, and an isomer of glucose from manna, the ash... Read More

Carbohydrate

Definition noun plural: carbohydrates car·bo·hy·drate, kɑːbəʊˈhaɪdɹeɪt Any of the group of organic compounds... Read More

Hexose

Definition noun, plural: hexoses A six-carbon monosaccharide Supplement Monosaccharides are the simplest form of... Read More

Nonose

Definition noun, plural: nonoses A nine-carbon monosaccharide or sugar Supplement Monosaccharides are the simplest form of... Read More

Octose

Definition noun, plural: octoses An eight -carbon monosaccharide or sugar Supplement Monosaccharides are the simplest form... Read More

Pentose

Definition noun, plural: pentoses A five-carbon monosaccharide Supplement Monosaccharides are the simplest form of... Read More

Heptose

Definition noun, plural: heptoses A seven-carbon monosaccharide or sugar Supplement Monosaccharides are the simplest form of... Read More

Deoxyribonucleic acid

Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) Definition A nucleic acid refers to any of the group of complex compounds made up of linear... Read More

Dansyl chloride

Definition noun (chemistry) A strongly fluorescent compound that will react with the terminal amino group of a protein;... Read More

Transferase

Definition noun, plural: transferases (biochemistry) An enzyme that catalyzes the transfer of a functional group from one... Read More

Organic Chemistry (with InfoTrac Printed Access Card)

Organic Chemistry (with InfoTrac Printed Access Card)     ... Read More

Dextrose

Definition noun The dextrorotatory form of glucose, and commercially obtained by the inversion of cane sugar or... Read More

Phosphate group

Definition noun, plural: phosphate groups (biochemistry) A functional group or radical comprised of phosphorus attached to... Read More

Triglyceride

Definition noun, plural: triglycerides An energy-rich compound made up of a single molecule of glycerol and three molecules... Read More

System

A system pertains to interdependent or interrelated objects comprising and functioning as a whole. In biology, it may refer... Read More

Precursor mRNA

Definition noun plural: precursor mRNAs An immature or incompletely processed mRNA molecule in eukaryotes that needs to be... Read More