116 results found

Search Results for: functional group

Phosphorylation

Phosphorylation Definition We can define phosphorylation as a biochemical process in which a phosphate molecule is added to... Read More

Reducing sugar

Reducing Sugar Definition What is reducing sugar? The type of sugar that acts as the reducing agent and can effectively... Read More

Saccharide

Saccharide Definition What is a saccharide molecule? A saccharide is the unit structure of carbohydrates. In biochemistry,... Read More

Pyruvate

Pyruvate Definition Pyruvates have been often recognized as one of the most important molecules that are frequently... Read More

Polypeptide

Polypeptide Definition Biology What are polypeptides? A polypeptide is defined as a polymer of amino acids joined together... Read More

Alanine

What is alanine? Alanine is a non-essential amino acid. There are two types of amino acids for mammals namely essential and... Read More

Chemical Composition of the Body

In order to fully understand the mechanisms of human physiology, it is important to have an understanding of the chemical... Read More

Dehydration reaction

What is dehydration synthesis? A dehydration reaction is a form of biochemical reaction wherein a water molecule is lost or... Read More

Functional group

Functional group- a group of atoms within a molecule that interacts in predictable ways with other... Read More

Moiety

Moiety Definition What is a moiety? Moiety (plural: moieties), in general, refers to the half or one of the two... Read More

Hydrophilic

Hydrophilic Definition What does a hydrophile (or hydrophilic molecule) mean? If a molecule is “water-loving”, it is... Read More

Metabolism

Metabolism Definition What is metabolism in the body? Metabolism encompasses the various biochemical processes, reactions,... Read More

Amphipathic

Amphipathic Definition Amphipathic is a word used to describe a chemical compound containing both polar (water-soluble) and... Read More

Protein Activity and Cellular Metabolism

Protein Binding Sites The ability of various molecules and ions to bind to specific sites on the protein surface forms the... Read More

Catabolism

Catabolism Definition Catabolism is the branch of the metabolic process that breaks down complex, big molecules into... Read More

Zwitterion

Definition noun, plural: zwitterions A molecule carrying both a positive and a negative charge Supplement A zwitterion is a... Read More

Group

Definition noun, plural: groups (1) An assemblage of animals, plants, or microorganisms having the same distinctive... Read More

Tetrose

Definition noun, plural: tetroses A four-carbon monosaccharide Supplement Monosaccharides are the simplest form of... Read More

Biomolecule

A molecule is an electrically neutral, group of atoms that can exist alone in a free state while its characteristic... Read More

Enzyme

An enzyme is a biomolecule that can be synthesized biologically (naturally occurring) or through other processes... Read More

Kingdom Animalia

Kingdom Animalia Definition Each person can say that they know of or can name at least one animal. However, do people know... Read More

Gulose

Definition noun An aldohexose monosaccharide that is C-3 epimer of galactose Supplement Monosaccharides are the simplest... Read More

Idose

Definition noun An aldohexose monosaccharide that is isomeric with galactose Supplement Monosaccharides are the simplest... Read More

Altrose

Definition noun An aldohexose monosaccharide that is epimeric with mannose Supplement Monosaccharides are the simplest form... Read More

Talose

Definition noun An aldohexose monosaccharide that is C-2 epimeric with galactose Supplement Monosaccharides are the simplest... Read More

Coenzyme

Enzymes can break down complicated large molecules into simpler smaller ones, they can combine small molecules or atoms to... Read More

Carboxyl group

Definition noun -COOH: a functional group comprised of a carbonyl group and a hydroxyl group, and present in all carboxylic... Read More

Independent variable

Independent Variable Definition To define an independent variable, let us first understand what a variable is. The word... Read More

Mannose

Definition noun A hexoaldose monosaccharide with a chemical formula of C6H12O6, and an isomer of glucose from manna, the ash... Read More

Octose

Definition noun, plural: octoses An eight -carbon monosaccharide or sugar Supplement Monosaccharides are the simplest form... Read More

Nonose

Definition noun, plural: nonoses A nine-carbon monosaccharide or sugar Supplement Monosaccharides are the simplest form of... Read More

Heptose

Definition noun, plural: heptoses A seven-carbon monosaccharide or sugar Supplement Monosaccharides are the simplest form of... Read More

Hexose

Definition noun, plural: hexoses A six-carbon monosaccharide Supplement Monosaccharides are the simplest form of... Read More

Pentose

Definition noun, plural: pentoses A five-carbon monosaccharide Supplement Monosaccharides are the simplest form of... Read More

Carbohydrate

Carbohydrate Definition A biomolecule refers to any molecule that is produced by living organisms. As such, most of them... Read More

Deoxyribonucleic acid

Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) Definition A nucleic acid refers to any of the group of complex compounds made up of linear... Read More

Transferase

Definition noun, plural: transferases (biochemistry) An enzyme that catalyzes the transfer of a functional group from one... Read More

Dextrose

Definition noun The dextrorotatory form of glucose, and commercially obtained by the inversion of cane sugar or... Read More

Dansyl chloride

Definition noun (chemistry) A strongly fluorescent compound that will react with the terminal amino group of a protein;... Read More

Muscular system

Muscular System Definition What is the muscular system? The muscular system is a system that includes muscle cells and... Read More