57 results found

Search Results for: gene transfer

Gene transfer

Definition noun, plural: gene transfers The transfer of genes between organisms Supplement Gene transfer pertains to the... Read More

Vertical gene transfer

Definition noun (genetics) The transfer of genes from parents to offspring Supplement Gene transfer refers to the movement... Read More

Pleiotropy

Pleiotropy Definition When one single gene starts affecting multiple traits of living organisms, this phenomenon is known... Read More

Thermophile

Thermophiles Definition What are thermophiles? Let us first understand the literal meaning of the word ‘thermophile’.... Read More

Sympatric speciation

Speciation is a process of evolution through which two different existing populations evolve and a distinct species form. It... Read More

Genome

Genome Definition What is a genome? As defined in biology, a genome is a complete set of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) within... Read More

Bacteria

Bacteria Definition What are bacteria? What is the definition of bacteria in biology? Bacteria are defined as organisms... Read More

Silent mutation

A mutation is a change in the nucleotide sequence of a gene or a chromosome. When there is only one nucleotide involved, it... Read More

Transposition

Definition noun, plural: transpositions (genetics) The transfer of a segment of DNA from one site to another of a... Read More

Genetic diversity

Genetic Diversity Definition Each species is composed of individuals with their own set of genes. A gene is the inheritance... Read More

Law of Segregation

Mendel’s Laws of Inheritance The father of genetics, Gregor Mendel, reported his findings in 1860 that were initially... Read More

Dominant

Dominant Definition The word dominant or dominant trait is commonly used in biology. The general meaning of dominant is to... Read More

Chimera

When we learned about the basic genetics of biological life, we came to know that almost all the cells of an individual have... Read More

Genetic Information and Protein Synthesis

Genetic Code Genes are sequences of DNA nucleotides that carry and transmit the information specifying amino acid sequences... Read More

Complementary DNA

Definition noun A double stranded DNA produced from the messenger RNA synthesis in a reaction catalyzed by an enzymes... Read More

Chromatin

Chromatin Definition What is chromatin in a cell? Chromatin is a complex of nucleic acids (e.g. DNA or RNA) and proteins... Read More

Transfection

Definition noun (molecular biology) The process of deliberate introduction of nucleic acids into a recipient eukaryotic... Read More

Infectious heredity

Definition noun A non-Mendelian inheritance in which an infectious particle within the cell of the host may bring changes in... Read More

Phylogeny

Phylogeny refers to the evolutionary history of the development of a species or of a taxonomic group of organisms. The... Read More

Heredity

Heredity Definition In biology, heredity refers to the passing of genetic factors from parents to offspring or from one... Read More

Gene conversion

Definition noun A nonreciprocal gene transfer in which an allele converts the other allele into the same form as its self,... Read More

Sexual reproduction

Sexual reproduction is a mode of reproduction involving the fusion of haploid female gamete (egg cell) and haploid male... Read More

Ribonucleic acid

Ribonucleic Acid Definition noun (uncountable), ribonucleic acids ri·bo·nu·cle·ic ac·id, raɪboʊnjuːkliːɪk... Read More

Endomembrane system

Ever wondered how biomolecules are made within the cell and then they are released outside the cell for use by the body?... Read More

Electroporation

Definition noun, plural: electroporations A non-chemical method that transfers the genetic material into the recipient cell... Read More

Allopatric speciation

We can define speciation as a process by which the novel genetically independent group of organisms are formed through the... Read More

Disruptive Selection

An evolutionary process known as disruptive selection (or disruptive natural selection) causes a population to become... Read More

Sonoporation

Definition noun A mechanical method of delivering molecules into the cell using sound, e.g. ultrasonic... Read More

Translation

Translation, in general, is the conversion of something into another form, such as a word from one language to another. But... Read More

Chloroplast DNA

Definition noun plural: chloroplast DNAs DNA in the chloroplast that carries the code for proteins and RNAs essential to... Read More

Virulence

Virulence Definition In biology, virulence is defined as the degree to which a pathogenic organism can cause disease.... Read More

A Protein Being Born – a live cell imaging of RNA translation

You probably already heard the concepts of translation in the central dogma of molecular biology. The dogma is an... Read More

Cloning

Cloning Definition In biology, cloning is the process of producing similar populations of genetically identical individuals... Read More

Unicellular

Unicellular organisms are organisms consisting of one cell only that performs all vital functions including metabolism,... Read More

Ribosomal ribonucleic acid

Definition noun plural: ribosomal ribonucleic acids ri•bo•so•mal ri•bo•nu•cle•ic ac•id, ˈraɪ... Read More

Gamete

Definition of Gamete What is a gamete? A gamete is the mature reproductive or sex cell that contains a haploid number of... Read More

Mitochondrion

Mitochondrion Definition What are mitochondria? The term “mitochondrion” comes from the two words of the Greek... Read More

In situ

When we talk about an experiment, human intervention, a protocol, or its step or any x, y, z call-of-action, it can be... Read More

Protein synthesis

Protein synthesis is the process of creating protein molecules. In biological systems, it involves amino acid synthesis,... Read More

Messenger ribonucleic acid

Definition noun plural: messenger ribonucleic acids mes•sen•ger ri•bo•nu•cle•ic ac•id, ˈmɛ.sɪn.dʒəɹ... Read More