43 results found

Search Results for: genetic disorder

Genetic disorder

Definition noun, plural: genetic disorders A disorder caused by genetic abnormality Supplement A genetic disorder is a... Read More

Frameshift mutation

Define Frameshift Mutation What is a frameshift mutation? In biology, insertions or deletions of nucleotides in the coding... Read More

Gamete

Definition of Gamete What is a gamete? A gamete is the mature reproductive or sex cell that contains a haploid number of... Read More

Pleiotropy

Pleiotropy Definition When one single gene starts affecting multiple traits of living organisms, this phenomenon is known... Read More

Genetic Information and Protein Synthesis

Genetic Code Genes are sequences of DNA nucleotides that carry and transmit the information specifying amino acid sequences... Read More

Polygenic trait

Polygenic trait definition Polygenic trait refers to a trait that is controlled by multiple non-allelic genes. These genes... Read More

Polymorphism

Polymorphism Definition The occurrence of two or more different forms or morphs in the population of a species is referred... Read More

Patau syndrome

Definition noun A genetic disorder caused by genetic changes in chromosome 13, such as an extra copy of chromosome 13... Read More

Hemoglobinopathy

Definition noun, plural: hemoglobinopathies A genetic disorder resulting in an abnormal globin structure in the hemoglobin... Read More

Sex-linked disorder

Definition noun, plural: sex-linked disorders A genetic disorder caused by or linked to gene(s) located in the sex... Read More

Trinucleotide repeat disorder

Definition noun, plural: trinucleotide repeat disorders Any of a set of genetic disorders caused by trinucleotide repeats... Read More

Axon hillock

Axon Hillock Definition What is axon hillock? If you are familiar with the different parts of the neuron, the axon hillock... Read More

Polygenic inheritance

Polygenic inheritance refers to the kind of inheritance in which the trait is produced from the cumulative effects of many... Read More

Smooth endoplasmic reticulum

Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum Definition Smooth endoplasmic reticulum (sER) is (a part of) endoplasmic reticulum that is... Read More

The Psychobiology of Hysteria

Editorial Hysteria is often regarded as the archetypal psychodynamic illness. Freud carried out much of his early work on... Read More

Sex Reversal – When Males Grew Ovaries Instead of Testes

Summary: Sex reversal is not unusual in some animals, especially in invertebrates. As for the vertebrates, there are... Read More

Cystic fibrosis

Definition noun An autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in the gene that encodes for cystic fibrosis... Read More

Extranuclear inheritance

Definition noun A form of non-Mendelian inheritance in which a trait was transmitted from the parent to offspring through... Read More

Mosaicism

Definition noun A condition wherein two or more cell populations with different genotypes exist in an organism, derived from... Read More

Extracellular inheritance

Definition noun A form of non-Mendelian inheritance in which a trait was transmitted from the parent to offspring through... Read More

Glycogenosis

Definition noun, plural: glycogenoses A metabolic disorder caused by a defective glycogen metabolism resulting in the extra... Read More

Overview of Chirology

Psychodiagnostic Chirology (PDC) is a comprehensive diagnostic discipline applied by professional behavioral specialists in... Read More

Polygenic disease

Definition noun An inherited disease determined by the effects of the simultaneous action or interaction of several... Read More

Spermiogenesis

Spermiogenesis Definition Spermiogenesis is the stage of spermatogenesis wherein the spermatids differentiate into mature... Read More

X-linked

Definition adjective (genetics) That which is associated with the X chromosome Supplement The term X-linked is defined as... Read More

Transfection

Definition noun (molecular biology) The process of deliberate introduction of nucleic acids into a recipient eukaryotic... Read More

Inborn error of metabolism

Definition noun, plural: inborn errors of metabolism Any of the various congenital genetic biochemical disorders of... Read More

Principles of Hormonal Control Systems

Hormones are chemical messengers that enter the blood directly upon their secretion from endocrine glands. A single gland or... Read More

Circadian rhythm

Circadian Rhythm Definition A circadian rhythm is an endogenously-driven biological rhythm with a period close to 24... Read More

Degenerative disease

A degenerative disease is defined as a disease characterized by the worsening condition due to the deterioration of the... Read More

Behaviour

Definition noun The observable response or reaction of an organism, an individual, or a system to a... Read More

Myocardium

Myocardium Definition What is the myocardium of the heart?  It is the muscular middle layer of the heart that is... Read More

Immunodeficiency

Immunodeficiency Inabillity to mount a normal immune response. Immunodeficiency can be due to a genetic disease or acquired... Read More

Galactose

Definition noun plural: galactoses ga·lac·tose, ɡəˈlæktəʊz An aldohexose monosaccharide (chemical formula:... Read More

Monogenic inheritance

Definition noun A form of inheritance that follows Mendel's Law of Heredity Supplement Monogenic inheritance refers to the... Read More

Diabetes

Diabetes Definition Diabetes is a metabolic disorder characterized by excessive urine excretion (polyuria) and persistent... Read More

Wagners syndrome

Definition noun (1) A degenerative condition of the vitreous and retinal parts of the eye, and may eventually lead to... Read More

Wagners disease

Definition noun (pathology) A degenerative condition of the vitreous and retinal parts of the eye, and may eventually lead... Read More

Hyperosmotic

Hyperosmotic Definition The word Hyperosmotic is derived from two Greek words: 'hyper', meaning “excess” and 'osmos',... Read More

Duplication

Definition noun (general) The act or process of duplicating; the state of being duplicated; a doubling. (biology) The state... Read More