29 results found

Search Results for: glycine

Glycine

Glycine (Science: amino acid, physiology) The simplest amino acid. It is a common residue in proteins, especially collagen... Read More

Sex and the Single Soybean – A Biodiversity Love Story

Millions of years after their ancestors parted company on the northern shores of Australia, two world-roaming plants have... Read More

Pyruvate

Pyruvate Definition Pyruvates have been often recognized as one of the most important molecules that are frequently... Read More

Ligase

Definition noun, plural: ligases (biochemistry) An enzyme that catalyzes the binding of two molecules Supplement An enzyme... Read More

Translation

In biology, translation is a step in protein biosynthesis where a genetic code from a strand of mRNA is decoded to produce a... Read More

Deoxyribonucleotide

Definition noun plural: deoxyribonucleotides de·ox·y·ri·bo·nu·cle·o·tide, diˌɒk... Read More

Guanosine monophosphate

Definition noun plural: guanosine monophosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of guanine, ribose and a phosphate... Read More

Adenine nucleotide

Definition noun plural: adenine nucleotides A nucleotide wherein the nucleobase is adenine Details Overview A nucleotide... Read More

Transfer ribonucleic acid

Definition noun plural: transfer ribonucleic acids trans•fer ri•bo•nu•cle•ic ac•id, ˈtɹænsfɝ... Read More

Pentapeptide

Definition noun, plural: pentapeptides A peptide containing five amino acids Supplement Peptides are biomolecules that are... Read More

Axon terminal

An axon terminal is any of the button-like endings of axons through which axons make synaptic contacts with other nerve... Read More

Isopeptide bond

Definition noun, plural: isopeptide bonds A peptide bond formed between a carboxyl group of one amino acid and an amino... Read More

Elastic fiber

Definition noun, plural: elastic fibers A type of connective tissue fiber that is made up, primarily, of elastin, and found... Read More

Anticodon

Definition noun, plural: anticodons A sequence of three adjacent nucleotides located on one end of transfer RNA. It bounds... Read More

Adenine

Definition noun plural: adenines ad·e·nine, ˈædɪnɪn (biochemistry) A purine nucleobase that complementary pairs... Read More

Ribonucleotide

Definition noun plural: ribonucleotides ri·bo·nu·cle·o·tide, ˌraɪbəʊˈnjuːklɪəˌtaɪd A form of nucleotide in... Read More

Serine

serine (Science: amino acid) Is synthesised by the body from the amino acids glycine or threonine. Its production requires... Read More

Betaine

Betaine (Science: chemical) a derivative of glycine characterised by high water solubility. Can function as an osmotic agent... Read More

Guanine

Definition noun plural: guanines gua·nine, ˈɡwɑː.niːn (biochemistry) A purine nucleobase that complementary pairs... Read More

Neurotransmitter

neurotransmitter Any of a group of substances that are released on excitation from the axon terminal of a presynaptic neuron... Read More

Elastin

Definition noun, plural: elastins A glycoprotein that renders tissues (particularly, elastic tissue) elastic properties, and... Read More

Purine

Definition noun plural: purines pu•rine, ˈpjʊəɹiːn A heterocyclic aromatic compound with a chemical structure... Read More

Nucleotide

Reviewed by: Todd Smith, PhD Nucleotide Definition noun, plural: nucleotides (nu·cle·o·tide,... Read More

Glycoprotein

Definition noun, plural: glycoproteins Any of the conjugated proteins, characterized by having one or more... Read More

Amino acid

Definition noun, plural: amino acids (1) A molecule consisting of the basic amino group (NH2), the acidic carboxylic group... Read More

Polypeptide

Polypeptide Definition Biology What are polypeptides? A polypeptide is defined as a polymer of amino acids joined together... Read More

Nonessential amino acid

Definition noun, plural: nonessential amino acids An amino acid in which an organism is able to synthesize in sufficient... Read More