34 results found

Search Results for: hiv

HSV-2- and HIV-1- permissive cell lines co-infected by HSV-2 and HIV-1 co-replicate HSV-2 and HIV-1 without production of HSV-2/HIV-1 pseudotype particles

HSV-2- and HIV-1- permissive cell lines co-infected by HSV-2 and HIV-1 co-replicate HSV-2 and HIV-1 without production of... Read More

Hiv

Hiv --> <a href="https://www.biologyonline.com/dictionary/human-Immunodeficiency">virus (Science: virology) a... Read More

Opportunistic pathogen

Opportunistic Pathogen Definition How do we define opportunistic pathogen? The opportunistic pathogen is an infectious... Read More

Predisposing factors

All organisms can be born with or develop a disease at any point in their lifetime. When someone is born with a disease, it... Read More

Silent mutation

A mutation is a change in the nucleotide sequence of a gene or a chromosome. When there is only one nucleotide involved, it... Read More

Naked virus

Viruses are infectious entities with size ranges between 20 to 400 nanometers. The mammoth-sized virus would be about the... Read More

Prevalent

Prevalent Definition We can define "prevalent" as the most commonly found, being dominant or widespread, or describing the... Read More

Aids

Aids --> <a href="https://www.biologyonline.com/dictionary/acquired-Immunodeficiency">syndrome (Science:... Read More

Host cell

Host Cells Definition What is a host cell? A host cell is a living cell that serves as a shelter and a food source to the... Read More

Pathogenicity

Definition noun, plural: pathogenicities The capability (of a pathogenic agent) to cause disease Supplement Pathogenicity... Read More

Deoxythymidine

Definition noun plural: deoxythymidines A pyrimidine nucleoside that has thymine attached to the pentose sugar... Read More

Capsid

Capsid Definition A capsid is a three-dimensional proteinaceous capsular shell around a virus that encloses the viral... Read More

Rev

rev (Science: molecular biology) A regulatory protein produced by hIV within infected cells. Rev helps transport HIV rNA... Read More

Thymidine

Definition noun plural: thymidines thy·mi·dine, ˈθaɪ mɪˌdin A pyrimidine nucleoside that has thymine attached to... Read More

Body fluid

Body Fluids Definition What is body fluid? Literally, body fluid is the fluid of the body. The adult human body is ~50-60%... Read More

Complementary DNA

Definition noun A double stranded DNA produced from the messenger RNA synthesis in a reaction catalyzed by an enzymes... Read More

Zoonosis

Zoonosis Definition Zoonosis is an infectious disease that can be transmitted from an animal to a human host. Originally a... Read More

Visna maedi virus

Visna maedi virus (Science: virology) A retrovirus of sheep and goats. A member of the lentivirus subfamily related to... Read More

Cytidine

Definition noun plural: cytidines cy·ti·dine, ˈsaɪtɪdiːn A pyrimidine nucleoside that has cytosine attached to the... Read More

RNA-dependent DNA polymerase

Definition noun A DNA polymerase enzyme that catalyzes the process of reverse transcription. Supplement This enzyme... Read More

Chromosomal mutation

Every living thing is made up of DNA. Our DNA is what makes us unique and different in the world. Our DNA is made up of... Read More

Protein pump

Protein pump - a kind of protein that is capable of pumping out compounds that could pose a threat to the cell. An example... Read More

Color Atlas & Synopsis of Clinical Dermatology

Color Atlas & Synopsis of Clinical Dermatology     ... Read More

Immunodeficiency

Immunodeficiency Inabillity to mount a normal immune response. Immunodeficiency can be due to a genetic disease or acquired... Read More

Vertical transmission

vertical transmission (Science: microbiology) transmission of a pathogen such as hIV from mother to foetus or baby during... Read More

Splase

splase (Science: enzyme) Constructed by genetically fusing the dNA-cleavage domain of foki restriction endonuclease with the... Read More

Frameshift mutation

Define Frameshift Mutation What is a frameshift mutation? In biology, insertions or deletions of nucleotides in the coding... Read More

Incubation period

Incubation Period Definition The incubation period is the time duration between exposure to the pathogen and the appearance... Read More

Retrovirus

Definition noun, plural: retroviruses Any of the group of viruses in the family Retroviridae. The virus is characterized by... Read More

Transactivation

Definition noun, plural: transactivations (molecular biology, genetics) The stimulation of transcription by expressing an... Read More

Diploid

Diploid Definition Let's first understand the meaning of the word - diploid. From the words ‘di’, meaning "two", and... Read More

Cancer

Cancer definition In biology, cancer is defined as the malignant growth due to uncontrolled cell division. It is now used... Read More

Virulence

Virulence Definition In biology, virulence is defined as the degree to which a pathogenic organism can cause disease.... Read More

Degenerative disease

A degenerative disease is defined as a disease characterized by the worsening condition due to the deterioration of the... Read More