57 results found

Search Results for: hydroxyl groups

Phosphodiester bond

Phosphodiester Bond Definition Phosphodiester bonds are the backbone of the strands of nucleic acid present in the life... Read More

Hydroxyl groups

Hydroxyl group An -OH or alcohol group on a larger molecule. The oxygen is single-bonded to the hydrogen and has one free... Read More

The Human Physiology

In order to fully understand the mechanisms of human physiology it is important to have an understanding of the chemical... Read More

Adenine nucleotide

Definition noun plural: adenine nucleotides A nucleotide wherein the nucleobase is adenine Details Overview A nucleotide... Read More

Nucleotide

Reviewed by: Todd Smith, PhD Nucleotide Definition noun, plural: nucleotides (nu·cle·o·tide,... Read More

Polynucleotide

Definition noun plural: polynucleotides pol·y·nu·cle·o·tide, ˌpɒlɪˈno͞o′klē-ə-tīd A biopolymer comprised of... Read More

Alcohol

Definition noun, plural: alcohols (chemistry) An organic compound containing one or more hydroxyl groups bound to a... Read More

Polyol

Definition noun plural: polyols pol•y•ol, ˈpɒlɪɒl A polyhydric alcohol, i.e. an alcohol containing three or more... Read More

Guanosine monophosphate

Definition noun plural: guanosine monophosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of guanine, ribose and a phosphate... Read More

Cytidine monophosphate

Definition noun plural: cytidine monophosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of cytosine, ribose and a phosphate... Read More

Adenosine monophosphate

Definition noun plural: adenosine monophosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of adenine, ribose and a phosphate... Read More

Glycerol

Definition noun glyc•er•ol, ˈglɪs əˌrɔl A sugar alcohol made up of two polyols derived from saponification of... Read More

Disaccharide

Definition noun plural: disaccharides di·sac·cha·ride, daɪˈsækəɹaɪd (biochemistry) A (carbohydrate) composed of... Read More

Protein Forces & Structure – Bonds Stabilizing the Folded 3D Conformation

Virtually every biochemical process in the living cell is catalysed, sustained and regulated by protein. While... Read More

Glucose

Glucose occurs naturally and is ubiquitous. It is one of the three most common monosaccharides; the other two are fructose... Read More

Hydroxyl group

Hydroxyl group An -OH or alcohol group on a larger molecule. The oxygen is single-bonded to the hydrogen and has one free... Read More

Oligosaccharide

Definition noun plural: oligosaccharides ol·i·go·sac·cha·ride, ˌɒlɪɡəʊˈsækəɹaɪd (biochemistry) A... Read More

Triglyceride

Definition noun, plural: triglycerides An energy-rich compound made up of a single molecule of glycerol and three molecules... Read More

Mononucleotide

Definition noun plural: mononucleotides mon·o·nu·cle·o·tide, ˌmɒnəʊˈnjuːklɪəˌtaɪd A single nucleotide (as... Read More

Deoxyadenosine monophosphate

Definition noun plural: deoxyadenosine monophosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of adenine, deoxyribose and a... Read More

Deoxycytidine monophosphate

Definition noun plural: deoxycytidine monophosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of cytosine, deoxyribose and a... Read More

Deoxyguanosine monophosphate

Definition noun plural: deoxyguanosine monophosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of guanine, deoxyribose and a... Read More

Glyceride

Definition noun, plural: glycerides (biochemistry) Any of the esters formed from glycerol reacting with fatty acids, and... Read More

Cellulose

Cellulose Definition noun plural: celluloses cel·lu·lose, sĕl′yə-lōs (1) A polysaccharide consisting of a linear... Read More

Amphipathic

Amphipathic is a word used to describe a chemical compound containing both polar (water-soluble) and nonpolar (not... Read More

The Organic Chemistry of Sugars

The Organic Chemistry of Sugars     ... Read More

Biomolecule

Definition noun plural: biomolecules bi·o·mol·e·cule, ˈbaɪoʊ ˈmɑləkjul Any of the molecules produced by living... Read More

Oligonucleotide

Definition noun plural: mononucleotides ol·i·go·nu·cle·o·tide, ŏl′ĭ-gō-no͞o′klē-ə-tīd A short polymer... Read More

Reagent

reagent --> periodic acid Schiff reaction (Science: technique) A histochemical technique based on periodic acid oxidation... Read More

Lipid

Definition noun plural: lipids lip·id, ˈlɪp ɪd, ˈlaɪ pɪd A fatty or waxy organic compound that is readily soluble... Read More

Phosphorylation

Phosphorylation Definition We can define phosphorylation as a biochemical process in which a phosphate molecule is added to... Read More

Deoxyadenosine diphosphate

Definition noun plural: deoxyadenosine diphosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of adenine, deoxyribose and two... Read More

Deoxyadenosine triphosphate

Definition noun plural: deoxyadenosine triphosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of adenine, deoxyribose and... Read More

Deoxycytidine triphosphate

Definition noun plural: deoxycytidine triphosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of cytosine, deoxyribose and... Read More

Deoxyguanosine triphosphate

Definition noun plural: deoxyguanosine triphosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of guanine, deoxyribose and... Read More

Deoxyguanosine diphosphate

Definition noun plural: deoxyguanosine diphosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of guanine, deoxyribose and two... Read More

Tropocollagen

Definition noun, plural: tropocollagens A single collagen molecule; a molecular structure that makes up a collagen fiber,... Read More

Glycerolipid

Definition noun, plural: glycerolipids A type of lipid made up of a glycerol linked esterically to a fatty acid Supplement A... Read More

Dopamine Used To Prompt Nerve Tissue To Regrow

When Yadong Wang, a chemist by training, first ventured into nerve regeneration two years ago, he didn’t know that his... Read More