45 results found

Search Results for: pea

Pea

pea 1. (Science: botany) A plant, and its fruit, of the genus Pisum, of many varieties, much cultivated for food. It has a... Read More

Law of Independent Assortment

Law of Independent Assortment Definition The Mendelian inheritance principles are derived from and named after the monk,... Read More

Law of Segregation

Mendel’s Laws of Inheritance The father of genetics, Gregor Mendel, reported his findings in 1860 that were initially... Read More

Incomplete dominance

Incomplete Dominance Definition After Gregor Mendel discovered inheritance laws, the term ''incomplete dominance'' was... Read More

Inheritance and Probability

Reviewed by: Mary Anne Clark, Ph.D. Gregor Mendel, an Austrian monk, is most famous in this field for his study... Read More

Traits

Traits Definition "Trait" is a rather well-known word in the English language. What does trait mean? A trait is defined... Read More

Polygenic trait

Polygenic Trait Definition Polygenic trait refers to a trait that is controlled by multiple non-allelic genes. These genes... Read More

Mendelian inheritance

Definition noun (genetics) A type of biological inheritance that conforms to the set of principles of Gregor Mendel... Read More

Second filial generation

Definition noun (genetics) The filial generation comprised of offspring(s) resulting from a cross between two individuals... Read More

Complete dominance

Complete Dominance Definition Genetics is the study of how traits are inherited by organisms and in what ways these... Read More

Gregor Mendel

Definition noun Augustinian monk and botanist who formulated the laws of heredity based on his careful breeding... Read More

Filial generation

Definition noun, plural: filial generations (genetics) Any generation resulting from a genetically controlled mating... Read More

Angiosperm

Angiosperms Definition What is an angiosperm? An angiosperm is a plant that produces flowers. The angiosperms, also... Read More

Papilionaceous

papilionaceous 1. Resembling the butterfly. 2. (Science: botany) Having a winged corolla somewhat resembling a butterfly, as... Read More

Non-Mendelian inheritance

Definition noun (genetics) A type of biological inheritance wherein the patterns of phenotypes do not accord with those as... Read More

Genetics

Genetics Definition noun (1) The study of the patterns of inheritance of specific traits, relating to genes and genetic... Read More

Monogenic inheritance

Definition noun A form of inheritance that follows Mendel's Law of Heredity Supplement Monogenic inheritance refers to the... Read More

Phenotypic ratio

Phenotypic Ratio Definition How would one define phenotypic ratio? The correlation between the amount of offspring that... Read More

Parental generation

Definition noun (genetics) The first set of parents crossed in which their genotype is the basis for predicting the... Read More

Pleiotropy

Pleiotropy Definition When one single gene starts affecting multiple traits of living organisms, this phenomenon is known... Read More

First filial generation

Definition noun (genetics) The filial generation comprised of offspring(s) resulting from a cross between two individuals... Read More

Law of Purity of Gametes

Definition noun (genetics) Gregor Mendel's law stating that the unit factors are brought together and paired during union or... Read More

Law of Unit Characters

Definition noun (genetics) A Mendelian law which states that every genetic character of an organism is controlled by unit... Read More

Particulate inheritance

Definition noun (genetics) A theory formulated by Gregor Mendel based on his garden pea breeding experiments wherein he... Read More

Genotypic ratio

Genotypic Ratio Definition To understand 'Genotypic ratio', let us first understand the terms: 'Genotype' and 'Phenotype'.... Read More

Law of Dominance

Definition noun (genetics) Gregor Mendel's law stating that when two alleles of an inherited pair is heterozygous, then,... Read More

Chloroplast DNA

Definition noun plural: chloroplast DNAs DNA in the chloroplast that carries the code for proteins and RNAs essential to... Read More

Sex and the Single Soybean – A Biodiversity Love Story

Millions of years after their ancestors parted company on the northern shores of Australia, two world-roaming plants have... Read More

Rhizobium leguminosarum

rhizobium leguminosarum A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria that causes formation of root nodules on some, but not... Read More

Simple fruit

Definition noun, plural: simple fruits A type of fruit that develops from a single or compound ovary with only one pistil... Read More

Law of Independent Assortment

Law of Independent Assortment Definition noun (genetics) Mendelian law stating that for every pair of unit factors, each... Read More

Mendelian Genetics

Definition noun (genetics) A set of theories that attempts to explain inheritance and biological diversity according to... Read More

Eye

Definition noun, plural: eyes (1) The organ of sight or vision; the visual sense; the sense of seeing. (2) A mark... Read More

Ala

Definition noun (anatomy) (1) A winglike anatomical process or part, used of a bone. (2) One of the two major parts of... Read More

Bilateral symmetry

Definition noun, plural: bilateral symmetries A form of symmetry in which the opposite sides along a midline is a duplicate... Read More

Heredity

Reviewed by: Mary Anne Clark, PhD Heredity Definition In biology, heredity refers to the passing of genetic... Read More

Pituitary gland

Definition noun, plural: pituitary glands An endocrine gland situated off the bottom of the hypothalamus, and acts as the... Read More

Genotype

Genotype and Phenotype The contrasting terms genotype and phenotype are used to define the characteristics or traits of an... Read More

Bean

Bean 1. (Science: botany) a name given to the seed of certain leguminous herbs, chiefly of the genera Faba, phaseolus, and... Read More

Legumes

Legumes Definition Legumes (singular: legume) are plants belonging to the family Leguminosae (Fabaceae). Leguminosae is... Read More