357 results found

Search Results for: synthesis

Protein synthesis

Protein synthesis is the process of creating protein molecules. In biological systems, it involves amino acid synthesis,... Read More

Synthesis

Definition noun, plural: syntheses (biochemistry) The production of an organic compound in a living thing, especially as... Read More

Biosynthesis

Definition noun The production of a complex chemical compound from simpler precursors in a living organism, usually... Read More

Chemosynthesis

Definition noun, plural: chemosyntheses The production of a more complex chemical compound by combining two or more simpler... Read More

Organic synthesis

Definition noun A form of chemical synthesis concerned with the production of organic compounds Supplement Example of... Read More

Dna synthesis

Dna synthesis (Science: molecular biology) The linking together of nucleotides (as deoxyribonucleotide triphosphates) to... Read More

Gene synthesis

Gene synthesis (Science: molecular biology) The complete synthesis of a gene using a dna synthesiser (gene machine), or the... Read More

Enzymatic synthesis

Enzymatic synthesis synthesis by enzymes. See:... Read More

Smooth endoplasmic reticulum

Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum Definition Smooth endoplasmic reticulum (sER) is (a part of) endoplasmic reticulum that is... Read More

Ribonucleic acid

Ribonucleic Acid Definition noun (uncountable), ribonucleic acids ri·bo·nu·cle·ic ac·id, raɪboʊnjuːkliːɪk... Read More

Kiliani-fischer synthesis

Kiliani-fischer synthesis a synthetic procedure for the extension of the carbon atom chain of aldoses by treatment with... Read More

Protein

Protein Definition Proteins are biomolecules comprised of amino acid residues joined together by peptide bonds.... Read More

Chemiosmosis

Chemiosmosis Definition What is chemiosmosis? In biology, chemiosmosis refers to the process of moving ions (e.g. protons)... Read More

Synthesis phase

Definition noun (cell biology) A sub-phase in the interphase wherein the cell primarily duplicates its DNA via... Read More

Photosynthesis

Definition noun The synthesis of complex organic material using carbon dioxide, water, inorganic salts, and light energy... Read More

The Study of Trace Fossils: A Synthesis of Principles, Problems, and Procedures in Ichnology

The Study of Trace Fossils: A Synthesis of Principles, Problems, and Procedures in Ichnology ... Read More

Endomembrane system

Ever wondered how biomolecules are made within the cell and then they are released outside the cell for use by the body?... Read More

Messenger ribonucleic acid

Definition noun plural: messenger ribonucleic acids mes•sen•ger ri•bo•nu•cle•ic ac•id, ˈmɛ.sɪn.dʒəɹ... Read More

Glucose

Glucose occurs naturally and is ubiquitous. It is one of the three most common monosaccharides; the other two are fructose... Read More

Fructose

Definition noun plural: fructoses fruc•tose, ˈfɹʊk.toʊs A ketohexose monosaccharide with a chemical formula of... Read More

Ribosome

Definition noun plural: ribosomes ri·bo·some, ˈɹaɪbəˌsəʊm (cell biology) A minute, sphere-shaped particle... Read More

Transfer ribonucleic acid

Definition noun plural: transfer ribonucleic acids trans•fer ri•bo•nu•cle•ic ac•id, ˈtɹænsfɝ... Read More

Codon

What does codon mean? A codon, in biology, is the basic genetic unit of life that acts as the template for the amino acid... Read More

Mature mRNA

Definition noun plural: mature mRNAs The completely processed mRNA molecule in the cell of eukaryotes Details Overview... Read More

Precursor mRNA

Definition noun plural: precursor mRNAs An immature or incompletely processed mRNA molecule in eukaryotes that needs to be... Read More

Starch

Reviewed by: Todd Smith, PhD Starch Definition noun plural: starch, starches starch, stɑɹtʃ A... Read More

Translation

In biology, translation is a step in protein biosynthesis where a genetic code from a strand of mRNA is decoded to produce a... Read More

Deoxyribonucleic acid

Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) Definition A nucleic acid refers to any of the group of complex compounds made up of linear... Read More

Coenzyme

Enzymes can break down complicated large molecules into simpler smaller ones, they can combine small molecules or atoms to... Read More

Endoplasmic reticulum

Definition noun plural: endoplasmic reticula (cell biology) A membrane-bound organelle that occurs as labyrinthine,... Read More

Nucleobase

Definition noun plural: nucleobases (biochemistry) The base in the nucleic acid, e.g. purines and pyrimidines Details ... Read More

Nucleotide

Reviewed by: Todd Smith, PhD Nucleotide Definition noun, plural: nucleotides (nu·cle·o·tide,... Read More

Dehydration reaction

Definition noun, plural: dehydration reactions A chemical reaction whereby a water molecule is lost, such as that during the... Read More

Ribosomal ribonucleic acid

Definition noun plural: ribosomal ribonucleic acids ri•bo•so•mal ri•bo•nu•cle•ic ac•id, ˈraɪ... Read More

Sucrose

Definition noun plural: sucroses su·crose, ˈsukɹoʊs A disaccharide with a chemical formula of C12H22O11 that occurs in... Read More

Lipogenesis

Definition noun The synthesis of lipid (fat) Supplement Lipogenesis is the process of producing lipid or fat. In biology,... Read More