98 results found

Search Results for: urine

Urine

Definition noun The animal excrement that forms in the kidneys as a by-product of metabolism Supplement Urine is a waste... Read More

Kidneys and Regulation of Water and Inorganic Ions

Renal Functions Kidneys remove/add substances from/to the plasma. Regulate water concentration, inorganic ion... Read More

Urination

Definition noun The process of voiding urine from the body to the outside Supplement Urination is the process whereby urine... Read More

Hyperosmotic

Hyperosmotic Definition What is hyperosmotic? The word hyperosmotic is derived from two Greek words: 'hyper', meaning... Read More

Urinary system

Definition noun The organ system concerned with the production and excretion of urine Supplement An organ system, (sometimes... Read More

Homeostasis

Homeostasis is the tendency not to stray from the range of favorable or ideal internal conditions. Such conditions must be... Read More

Glycosuria

Definition noun, plural: glycosuria The presence of atypically high sugar level in urine Supplement Glycosuria is a... Read More

Purine

Definition noun plural: purines pu•rine, ˈpjʊəɹiːn A heterocyclic aromatic compound with a chemical structure... Read More

Urethra

Definition noun, plural: urethrae or urethras (anatomy) The tube extending from the urinary bladder to the urinary meatus,... Read More

Kidney

Definition noun, plural: kidneys (anatomy) Either of a pair of two bean-shaped organs located at the back of the abdominal... Read More

Diuresis

Diuresis is the increased secretion of urine. It may also be defined as the physiologic process involved in the excessive... Read More

Bladder

Definition noun, plural: bladders (1) (anatomy) A distensible membranous sac or organ that can hold liquid or gas (2)... Read More

External urethral sphincter

Definition noun The urethral sphincter associated with the discharge of urine in both males and females, and where semen is... Read More

Renal medulla

Definition noun, plural: renal medullae or renal medullas The inner region of the kidney that is arranged into renal... Read More

Ureter

ureter The tube passing from each kidney to the bladder for the conveyance of urine. Its average length is 25 to 30... Read More

External urethral orifice

Definition noun The meatus of the urethra where urine is excreted in both males and females, and where semen is ejected in... Read More

Internal urethral sphincter

Definition noun The urethral sphincter made up of smooth muscle cells found at the inferior end of the urinary bladder and... Read More

Filtration

Filtration Definition What is filtration? Filtration is separating a solid from a fluid through a porous material that... Read More

Body fluid

Body Fluids Definition What is body fluid? Literally, body fluid is the fluid of the body. The adult human body is ~50-60%... Read More

Diabetes

Diabetes Definition Diabetes is a metabolic disorder characterized by excessive urine excretion (polyuria) and persistent... Read More

Cytology

The biological world is so diverse that studying it under a single umbrella as a subject is next to impossible. Hence,... Read More

Double-voided specimen

Double-voided specimen this refers to a urine specimen which is collected after first emptying the bladder and then waiting... Read More

Kidney calices

Definition noun, singular: kidney calyx Funnel-shaped structures that allow passage of the urine from the ducts of the renal... Read More

Physiological adaptation

If we look over evolutionary history, we find that it’s neither the most genius and intelligent nor the strongest and the... Read More

Dopamine

Definition noun, plural: dopamines 3,4-dihydroxyphenethylamine (chemical formula: C8H11NO2); a neurotransmitter or a hormone... Read More

Reducing sugar

Reducing Sugar Definition What is reducing sugar? The type of sugar that acts as the reducing agent and can effectively... Read More

Hcg

Hcg --> human chorionic gonadotrophin (Science: hormone tumour marker) a hormone that is produced by the developing... Read More

Transcellular fluid

Definition noun A bodily fluid found in chambers created by the linings of epithelial cells Supplement The extracellular... Read More

Nephron

Definition noun, plural: nephrons The structural and functional unit of the kidney, i.e. a structure comprised of a set of... Read More

Lactosuria

Lactosuria excretion of lactose (milk sugar) in the urine; a common finding during pregnancy and lactation, and in the... Read More

Uriposia

Uriposia urine-drinking. Origin: urine - g. Posis,... Read More

Repellent

Definition noun, plural: repellents (1) An agent or a method that wards off, as insect-repellent to repel insects (2) A... Read More

Uric acid

uric acid (Science: biochemistry) The final product of nitrogenous excretion in animals that require to conserve water, such... Read More

Fructose

Fructose Definition Fructose is a ketohexose monosaccharide with a chemical formula of C6H12O6. It is the sweetest of all... Read More

Ure

ure 1. (Science: zoology) The urus. 2. (Science: prefix) Relating to urea or to urine. Origin: G. Ouron,... Read More

D-glucose

Definition noun A stereoisomer of glucose molecule characterized by its ability to rotate the plane polarized light in the... Read More

Protein Activity and Cellular Metabolism

Protein Binding Sites The ability of various molecules and ions to bind to specific sites on the protein surface forms the... Read More

Androsterone

Definition noun, plural: androsterones A steroid hormone, with a chemical formula of C19H30O2, has masculinizing effects,... Read More

Animal Water Regulation

Homeostatic control, a set environment, and how evolution and natural selection drives a species to adapt to its environment... Read More

Adenine

Definition noun plural: adenines ad·e·nine, ˈædɪnɪn (biochemistry) A purine nucleobase that complementary pairs... Read More