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Search Results for: y-linked gene

Y-linked gene

Definition noun, plural: Y-linked genes A gene located on the Y chromosome Supplement Y chromosome is the male chromosome of... Read More

X-linked inheritance

Definition noun (genetics) Inheritance for genes on the X chromosome Supplement Sex chromosomes are not only relevant for... Read More

Chromosomes X and Y and Sex Determination

Reviewed by: Mary Anne Clark, Ph.D. In humans, the normal chromosome complement is 46, consisting of 22 pairs of... Read More

Multiple alleles

Alleles are the pairs of genes occupying a specific spot called locus on a chromosome. Typically, there are only two alleles... Read More

Gene

A gene is the fundamental, physical, and functional unit of heredity. The genes make up the sequences of DNA (genotypes).... Read More

Allele

Allele Definition What are alleles? An allele is a term coined to describe a specific copy of a gene. Genes, the DNA... Read More

Y linkage

Definition noun, plural: Y linkages (genetics) A form of sex linkage involving particularly the Y chromosome Supplement Sex... Read More

Genetic Mutations

Reviewed by: Mary Anne Clark, Ph.D. Genetic Mutations Genetic mutations are inherited variations in an... Read More

Polymorphism

Polymorphism Definition The occurrence of two or more different forms or morphs in the population of a species is referred... Read More

Law of Segregation

Mendel’s Laws of Inheritance The father of genetics, Gregor Mendel, reported his findings in 1860 that were initially... Read More

Polygenic inheritance

Polygenic inheritance refers to the kind of inheritance in which the trait is produced from the cumulative effects of many... Read More

Gene amplification

Definition noun, plural: gene amplifications The process of duplicating a particular gene, causing the gene to increase in... Read More

Nucleosome

Nucleosome Definition Every organism is made of deoxyribonucleic acid, also known as DNA. DNA is made up of numerous... Read More

Sex-linked trait

Definition noun, plural: sex-linked traits A trait genetically determined by an allele located on the sex... Read More

X linkage

Definition noun, plural: X linkages (genetics) A form of sex linkage involving particularly the X chromosome Supplement The... Read More

Genetic Information and Protein Synthesis

Genetic Code Genes are sequences of DNA nucleotides that carry and transmit the information specifying amino acid sequences... Read More

Family traits

When one thinks of family, they often think of persons who are blood-related to each other as parents to their children and... Read More

Y-linked inheritance

Definition noun (genetics) Inheritance for genes on the Y chromosome Supplement Sex chromosomes are not only relevant... Read More

Sex-linked gene

Definition noun, plural: sex-linked genes A gene located in the sex chromosome. Supplement In humans, the sex... Read More

Recessive

Definition adjective (genetics) Of, or pertaining to, a gene (or allele) whose phenotypic expression is masked by a... Read More

X-linked

Definition adjective (genetics) That which is associated with the X chromosome Supplement The term X-linked is defined as... Read More

Pseudodominance

Definition noun (genetics) The manifestation of a recessive trait, mimicking an inheritance of a dominant... Read More

Law of Independent Assortment

Law of Independent Assortment Definition The Mendelian inheritance principles are derived from and named after the monk,... Read More

Gene Regulation in Eukaryotes

Reviewed by: Mary Anne Clark, Ph.D. Eukaryotic Gene Structure In prokaryotes the DNA is located in the... Read More

Sex-linked disorder

Definition noun, plural: sex-linked disorders A genetic disorder caused by or linked to gene(s) located in the sex... Read More

Monogenic disease

Definition noun An inherited disease determined by the interaction of a single pair of genes Supplement A monogenic disease... Read More

Isomaltose

Definition noun plural: isomaltoses i·so·mal·tose, aɪsoʊˈmɔːltəʊz A disaccharide formed from the combination of... Read More

Linked genes

Definition noun, singular: linked gene Genes that are inherited together with the other gene(s) as they are located on the... Read More

Y chromosome

Definition noun, plural: Y chromosomes The male-determining sex chromosome particularly in humans and other... Read More

Mosaicism

Cells often go through many divisions before they become a part of an organism’s genetic make-up. This leaves room for... Read More

Sex-linked

Definition adjective (1) Pertaining to a gene located in the sex chromosome (especially an X chromosome). (2) Pertaining to... Read More

Sex linkage

Definition noun, plural: sex linkages A condition in which a trait or a phenotype manifesting apparently more frequently in... Read More

Protein

Protein Definition Proteins are biomolecules comprised of amino acid residues joined together by peptide bonds.... Read More

Nucleic acid

Definition noun plural: nucleic acid nu·cle·ic ac·id, nuˈkleɪ.ɪk ˈæsɪd Any of the group of complex compounds... Read More

Oligonucleotide

Definition noun plural: mononucleotides ol·i·go·nu·cle·o·tide, ŏl′ĭ-gō-no͞o′klē-ə-tīd A short polymer... Read More

Monogenic trait

Definition noun A trait produced by the effect of a gene or an allele Supplement A monogenic trait is a trait produced... Read More

Process

Process Definition What is a process? In biology, a process (plural: processes) means any of the various biological... Read More

Endomembrane system

Ever wondered how biomolecules are made within the cell and then they are released outside the cell for use by the body?... Read More

Protein synthesis

Protein synthesis is the process of creating protein molecules. In biological systems, it involves amino acid synthesis,... Read More

Fructose

Fructose Definition Fructose is a ketohexose monosaccharide with a chemical formula of C6H12O6. It is the sweetest of all... Read More