93 results found

Search Results for: degradation

Degradation

Degradation (Science: biochemistry, chemistry) The reduction of a chemical Compound to one less complex, as by splitting off... Read More

Messenger ribonucleic acid

Definition noun plural: messenger ribonucleic acids mes•sen•ger ri•bo•nu•cle•ic ac•id, ˈmɛ.sɪn.dʒəɹ... Read More

Alanine

What is alanine? Alanine is a non-essential amino acid. There are two types of amino acids for mammals namely essential and... Read More

Glycogen

Definition noun plural: glycogens gly·co·gen, glī′kə-jən A multi-branched polymer of glucose, mainly produced in... Read More

Starch

Starch Definition Starch is a polysaccharide (C6H10O5)n consisting of a large number of glucose monomers joined together... Read More

Endosome

Endosome Definition noun plural: endosomes en·do·some, ˈəndoˌsoʊm (cell biology) A membrane-bound cytoplasmic... Read More

Endoplasmic reticulum

Definition noun plural: endoplasmic reticula (cell biology) A membrane-bound organelle that occurs as labyrinthine,... Read More

Fibroblast

The building block of living things is known as the cell. The cell contributes to many parts and functions of different... Read More

Metabolism

Metabolism Definition What is metabolism in the body? Metabolism encompasses the various biochemical processes, reactions,... Read More

Phagolysosome

Definition noun plural: phagolysosomes (cell biology) A cytoplasmic body that forms from the fusion of phagosome and... Read More

Rough endoplasmic reticulum

Definition noun plural: rough endoplasmic reticula (cell biology) A type of endoplasmic reticulum wherein polyribosomes... Read More

Vacuole

A vacuole is a single membrane-bound organelle with no definite shape or size found in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic... Read More

Glucose

Glucose occurs naturally and is ubiquitous. It is one of the three most common monosaccharides; the other two are fructose... Read More

Edman degradation

Definition noun A method of sequencing amino acids of a peptide through a reagent that reacts with the peptide at the... Read More

Embden-Meyerhof-Parnas pathway

Definition noun A glycolytic pathway whereby glucose is metabolized and converted ultimately to pyruvate, and results in a... Read More

Ribonucleic acid

Ribonucleic Acid Definition noun (uncountable), ribonucleic acids ri·bo·nu·cle·ic ac·id, raɪboʊnjuːkliːɪk... Read More

Anaphase

In order to keep the process of biological existence ever-going, the phenomenon of cell multiplication is very important.... Read More

Herbivore

Herbivore Definition A herbivore is the primary consumer of the food chain that usually occupies the second trophic level... Read More

Phosphorylation

Phosphorylation Definition We can define phosphorylation as a biochemical process in which a phosphate molecule is added to... Read More

Deoxyribonucleic acid

Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) Definition A nucleic acid refers to any of the group of complex compounds made up of linear... Read More

Aerobic bacteria

Aerobic Bacteria Definition What does aerobic mean in biology? As the name suggests, 'aerobe' in biology means organisms... Read More

Pinocytosis

Pinocytosis Definition What is pinocytosis?  Pinocytosis is the ingestion of extracellular fluids, i.e. the fluid... Read More

Monoglyceride

Definition noun, plural: monoglycerides A glyceride consisting of a glycerol and a molecule of fatty acid joined via an... Read More

Nucleotide

Nucleotide Definition A nucleotide is regarded as the basic building block of nucleic acid (e.g. DNA and RNA). A nucleic... Read More

Thermophile

Thermophiles Definition What are thermophiles? Let us first understand the literal meaning of the word ‘thermophile’.... Read More

Chitin

Definition noun plural: chitin chi·tin, ˈkaɪtɪn (1) A polymer of nitrogen-containing polysaccharide (C8H13O5N)n... Read More

Protein

Protein Definition Proteins are biomolecules comprised of amino acid residues joined together by peptide bonds.... Read More

Glycolysis

What is Glycolysis and Why is it Important? Glycolysis is a metabolic pathway by which the 6-carbon molecule of glucose is... Read More

Globoside

Definition noun, plural: globosides A glycosphingolipid that has more than one sugar (usually a combination of... Read More

Non-living thing

Non-living Thing Definition A non-living thing in biology means any form without a life, such as an inanimate body or... Read More

Glyceride

Definition noun, plural: glycerides (biochemistry) Any of the esters formed from glycerol reacting with fatty acids, and... Read More

GERL

GERL Definition GERL is the acronym for Golgi - Endoplasmic Reticulum - Lysosome complex, a system found in the cell and... Read More

Polyadenylation

Definition noun The synthesis of a poly a tail at the end of an RNA molecule. Supplement The adding of a poly-A stretch at... Read More

Environmentalism

Definition noun A broad philosophy and social movement that is chiefly concerned with the prevention and conservation of the... Read More

Adenosine triphosphate

Adenosine Triphosphate Definition noun plural: adenosine triphosphates (biochemistry) An organic compound that is... Read More

Adenosine monophosphate

Definition noun plural: adenosine monophosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of adenine, ribose and a phosphate... Read More

Brief Review on Climate Change and Tropical Peatlands

Peat soils are formed from biochemical process on moderately decomposed vegetation by aerobic microorganisms. It is mostly... Read More

Facultative anaerobe

Facultative Anaerobe Definition What does facultative anaerobe mean? Facultative organisms are the most adaptable... Read More

Global Carbon Cycling on a Heterogeneous Seafloor

Carbon, nitrogen and oxygen are the fundamental elements of life on Earth. Global carbon varies in amount and its... Read More

Regulation of Organic Metabolism, Growth and Energy Balance

Organic Metabolism Events of Absorptive and Post-absorptive States. The absorptive state is the period during which... Read More