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Search Results for: f protein

Protein

Protein Definition Proteins are biomolecules comprised of amino acid residues joined together by peptide bonds.... Read More

Phosphorylation

Phosphorylation Definition We can define phosphorylation as a biochemical process in which a phosphate molecule is added to... Read More

Protein synthesis

Protein synthesis is the process of creating protein molecules. In biological systems, it involves amino acid synthesis,... Read More

Silent mutation

A mutation is a change in the nucleotide sequence of a gene or a chromosome. When there is only one nucleotide involved, it... Read More

Polypeptide

Polypeptide Definition Biology What are polypeptides? A polypeptide is defined as a polymer of amino acids joined together... Read More

Nonsense mutation

A nonsense mutation is the type of point mutation that renders the translation process useless by coding for a stop/nonsense... Read More

Ribosome

A biological cell is composed of many components called organelles. These organelles serve their specific purposes to make... Read More

Carrier protein

Carrier protein is a type of cell membrane protein involved in facilitated diffusion and active transport of substances out... Read More

Codon

What does codon mean? A codon, in biology, is the basic genetic unit of life that acts as the template for the amino acid... Read More

Rough endoplasmic reticulum

Definition noun plural: rough endoplasmic reticula (cell biology) A type of endoplasmic reticulum wherein polyribosomes... Read More

Denaturation

Denaturation Definition In biochemistry, denaturation is defined as a process in which a molecular structure deviates from... Read More

Endomembrane system

Ever wondered how biomolecules are made within the cell and then they are released outside the cell for use by the body?... Read More

Endoplasmic reticulum

Definition noun plural: endoplasmic reticula (cell biology) A membrane-bound organelle that occurs as labyrinthine,... Read More

Frameshift mutation

Define Frameshift Mutation What is a frameshift mutation? In biology, insertions or deletions of nucleotides in the coding... Read More

Genetic Information and Protein Synthesis

Genetic Code Genes are sequences of DNA nucleotides that carry and transmit the information specifying amino acid sequences... Read More

Tight junction

What are tight junctions? Tight junctions are the intercellular barrier between two neighboring endothelial and epithelial... Read More

Ribonucleic acid

Ribonucleic Acid Definition noun (uncountable), ribonucleic acids ri·bo·nu·cle·ic ac·id, raɪboʊnjuːkliːɪk... Read More

F protein

F protein (Science: protein) a protein derived from the sendai virus which can be used in the laboratory to cause cell... Read More

Missense mutation

What is a missense mutation? Literally speaking, a mutation that changes the meaning of the encoded gene sequence is the... Read More

Protein Activity and Cellular Metabolism

Protein Binding Sites The ability of various molecules and ions to bind to specific sites on the protein surface forms the... Read More

Capsid

Capsid Definition A capsid is a three-dimensional proteinaceous capsular shell around a virus that encloses the viral... Read More

Albumin

Albumin Definition What is albumin? Is albumin a protein? In biology, albumin is a protein that is responsible for the... Read More

Gene Regulation in Eukaryotes

Reviewed by: Mary Anne Clark, Ph.D. Eukaryotic Gene Structure In prokaryotes the DNA is located in the... Read More

Protein Variety

The sequence of amino acids determines which type of protein it is. It is synthesized from a DNA strand, each DNA strand... Read More

Nucleus

In cell biology, the nucleus is the large, membrane-bounded organelle that contains the genetic material in the form of... Read More

Protein Synthesis

If you have jumped straight to this page, you may wish to look at the previous tutorial about DNA, which gives background... Read More

Proteoglycan

What are proteoglycans? Proteoglycans are primarily a type of polysaccharide. Structurally, proteoglycans are... Read More

A Protein Being Born – a live cell imaging of RNA translation

You probably already heard the concepts of translation in the central dogma of molecular biology. The dogma is an... Read More

Signal sequence

Definition noun A sequence of amino acid residues bound at the amino terminus of a nascent protein during protein... Read More

Messenger ribonucleic acid

Definition noun plural: messenger ribonucleic acids mes•sen•ger ri•bo•nu•cle•ic ac•id, ˈmɛ.sɪn.dʒəɹ... Read More

Translation

Translation, in general, is the conversion of something into another form, such as a word from one language to another. But... Read More

Nucleolus

Nucleolus Definition noun plural: nucleoli nu·cle·o·lus, njuːˈkliːələs (cell biology) The round granular... Read More

Transcription (biology)

In biology, transcription is the process of transcribing or making a copy of the genetic information stored in a DNA strand... Read More

Role of Golgi Apparatus & Endoplasmic Reticulum in Protein Synthesis

Continued from the previous tutorial that introduces protein synthesis... mRNA and tRNA mRNA leaves the nucleus and enters... Read More

Organelle

The cell is regarded as the structural, functional, and biological unit of all organisms. It is a membrane-bound structure... Read More

Enzyme

An enzyme is a biomolecule that can be synthesized biologically (naturally occurring) or through other processes... Read More

GERL

GERL Definition GERL is the acronym for Golgi - Endoplasmic Reticulum - Lysosome complex, a system found in the cell and... Read More

Genetic material

Genetic Material Definition What is genetic material? Genetic material is the hereditary substance in the cell. It carries... Read More

Cell adhesion

Cell Adhesion Definition Cell adhesion is the process in which a cell uses a specialized complex of proteins to get... Read More

Nuclear body

Definition noun plural: nuclear bodies nu·cle·ar bod‧y, ˈnjuː.kli.ər ˈbɒdi Any of the prominent non-membraned,... Read More