36 results found

Search Results for: gene conversion

Gene conversion

Definition noun A nonreciprocal gene transfer in which an allele converts the other allele into the same form as its self,... Read More

Gene

A gene is the fundamental, physical, and functional unit of heredity. The genes make up the sequences of DNA (genotypes).... Read More

Gene transfer

Definition noun, plural: gene transfers The transfer of genes between organisms Supplement Gene transfer pertains to the... Read More

Genomic imprinting

Definition noun A phenomenon in which the phenotype of the offspring depends on the source of the chromosome containing the... Read More

Glycolysis

What is Glycolysis and Why is it Important? Glycolysis is a metabolic pathway by which the 6-carbon molecule of glucose is... Read More

Frameshift mutation

Define Frameshift Mutation What is a frameshift mutation? In biology, insertions or deletions of nucleotides in the coding... Read More

Glucose

Glucose occurs naturally and is ubiquitous. It is one of the three most common monosaccharides; the other two are fructose... Read More

Mosaicism

Cells often go through many divisions before they become a part of an organism’s genetic make-up. This leaves room for... Read More

Nucleus

In cell biology, the nucleus is the large, membrane-bounded organelle that contains the genetic material in the form of... Read More

Infectious heredity

Definition noun A non-Mendelian inheritance in which an infectious particle within the cell of the host may bring changes in... Read More

Interspersed repeat

Definition noun, plural: interspersed repeats A type of repeated sequence in which the copies are dispersed throughout the... Read More

Thermophile

Thermophiles Definition What are thermophiles? Let us first understand the literal meaning of the word ‘thermophile’.... Read More

Genetic Control – On and Off Genes

Reviewed by: Mary Anne Clark, Ph.D. This lesson looks at the various factors involved that affect growth and... Read More

Trinucleotide repeat disorder

Definition noun, plural: trinucleotide repeat disorders Any of a set of genetic disorders caused by trinucleotide repeats... Read More

Non-Mendelian inheritance

Definition noun (genetics) A type of biological inheritance wherein the patterns of phenotypes do not accord with those as... Read More

Extracellular inheritance

Definition noun A form of non-Mendelian inheritance in which a trait was transmitted from the parent to offspring through... Read More

Extranuclear inheritance

Definition noun A form of non-Mendelian inheritance in which a trait was transmitted from the parent to offspring through... Read More

Ribosome

A biological cell is composed of many components called organelles. These organelles serve their specific purposes to make... Read More

Axon hillock

Axon Hillock Definition What is axon hillock? If you are familiar with the different parts of the neuron, the axon hillock... Read More

Deoxyribonucleic acid

Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) Definition A nucleic acid refers to any of the group of complex compounds made up of linear... Read More

Translation

Translation, in general, is the conversion of something into another form, such as a word from one language to another. But... Read More

Thrombin

Definition noun An activated form of factor II that is generated in blood clotting and acts as a catalyst during the... Read More

Antigenic variation

Definition noun, plural: antigenic variations (immunology) The changing of surface proteins by an infectious agent to evade... Read More

Characteristic

Characteristics Definition We can define characteristics as qualities or features that describe the distinctive nature or... Read More

Fructose

Fructose Definition Fructose is a ketohexose monosaccharide with a chemical formula of C6H12O6. It is the sweetest of all... Read More

Micrococcus luteus

Definition noun A gram-positive aerobic harmless bacterium involved in the conversion of nitrate to... Read More

Glycogen

Definition noun plural: glycogens gly·co·gen, glī′kə-jən A multi-branched polymer of glucose, mainly produced in... Read More

Inversion

Definition noun, plural: inversions (general) The reversal of state, form, position, direction, order, or course, such as... Read More

Lysogenic conversion

Lysogenic conversion --> lysogeny (Science: virology) The ability of some phages to survive in a bacterium as a result of... Read More

Homeostasis

Homeostasis is the tendency not to stray from the range of favorable or ideal internal conditions. Such conditions must be... Read More

In situ

When we talk about an experiment, human intervention, a protocol, or its step or any x, y, z call-of-action, it can be... Read More

Luteinizing hormone

Definition noun, plural: luteinizing hormones A gonadotropin released by the gonadotropes of the anterior pituitary, and,... Read More

Pancreatic lipase

Definition noun, plural: pancreatic lipases A pancreatic enzyme that splits dietary fats by hydrolyzing triacyglycerol... Read More

Thymine

Definition noun plural: thymines thy·mine, ˈθaɪmɪn (biochemistry) A pyrimidine nucleobase in the DNA molecule that... Read More

Trehalose

Definition noun plural: trehaloses tre·ha·lose, loʊs A disaccharide made up of two α-glucose molecules, and serves as... Read More

Prolactin

Definition noun, plural: prolactins A peptide hormone secreted by lactotropic cell in the anterior pituitary of vertebrates,... Read More