39 results found

Search Results for: gtp

Guanosine triphosphate

Definition noun plural: guanosine triphosphates (biochemistry) An organic compound that is composed of guanosine (a... Read More

Deoxyguanosine triphosphate

Definition noun plural: deoxyguanosine triphosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of guanine, deoxyribose and... Read More

Cyclic guanosine monophosphate

Definition noun plural: cyclic guanosine monophosphates (biochemistry) A cyclic form of guanosine monophosphate (chemical... Read More

Guanosine diphosphate

Definition noun plural: guanosine diphosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide made up of guanine, ribose, and two phosphate... Read More

Guanosine

Definition noun plural: guanosines gua·no·sine, ˈgwɑ nəˌsin A purine nucleoside that has guanine bound to a ribose... Read More

Cellular respiration

Cellular Respiration Definition The main function of cellular respiration is to break down glucose to form energy. What is... Read More

Septin

Definition noun plural: septins sep·tin, sĕp′tĭn A protein involved in cytokinesis and also functions in maintaining... Read More

Facilitated diffusion

Facilitated diffusion is the transport of substances across a biological membrane from an area of higher concentration to an... Read More

Termination

Definition noun (general) The process, act, or state of terminating (biochemistry) A process in which the mRNA synthesis... Read More

Enzyme

Reviewed by: Todd Smith, PhD Definition noun plural: enzymes en·zyme, ˈɛnzaɪm (biochemistry) A... Read More

Ras

ras (Science: oncogene) One of a family of oncogenes, first identified as transforming genes of harvey and Kirsten murine... Read More

Guanosine monophosphate

Definition noun plural: guanosine monophosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of guanine, ribose and a phosphate... Read More

Nucleoporin

Definition noun plural: nucleoporins Any of the family of porins that make up the nuclear pore complex Details Overview... Read More

Nuclear pore complex

Definition noun plural: nuclear pore complexes ˈnu kli ər, pɔː ˈkɒmplɛks A complex of nucleoporins resulting in the... Read More

Endomembrane system

Ever wondered how biomolecules are made within the cell and then they are released outside the cell for use by the body?... Read More

Ribonucleotide

Definition noun plural: ribonucleotides ri·bo·nu·cle·o·tide, ˌraɪbəʊˈnjuːklɪəˌtaɪd A form of nucleotide in... Read More

Deoxyguanosine monophosphate

Definition noun plural: deoxyguanosine monophosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of guanine, deoxyribose and a... Read More

Cytidine monophosphate

Definition noun plural: cytidine monophosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of cytosine, ribose and a phosphate... Read More

Ligase

An enzyme is a catalyst or a chemical produced by cells to speed up a biochemical reaction. It is usually a protein molecule... Read More

Citric Acid Cycle

Definition noun (1) A cycle of reactions catalyzed by enzymes in which pyruvate derived from nutrients and converted to... Read More

Anabolism

Anabolism Definition Metabolic processes involve the conversion of one molecule into another through a sequence of chemical... Read More

Termination codons

termination codon (Science: molecular biology) The three codons, UAA known as ochre, UAG as amber and UGA as opal, that do... Read More

Elongation

Definition noun (general) The state, act, or process of lengthening Supplement In general, the term elongation refers to the... Read More

Nucleotide

Reviewed by: Todd Smith, PhD Nucleotide Definition A nucleotide is regarded as the basic building block of... Read More

Nucleoside

Definition noun plural: nucleosides A nitrogenous base (purine or pyrimidine) bound to a pentose sugar ribose or... Read More

Catabolism

Catabolism Definition Catabolism is the branch of the metabolic process that breaks down complex, big molecules into... Read More

Protein synthesis

Protein synthesis is the process of creating protein molecules. In biological systems, it involves amino acid synthesis,... Read More

Nuclear envelope

Definition noun plural: nuclear envelopes nu·cle·ar en·ve·lope, ˈn(j)ukliɚ ˈɛn.və.ləʊp The two layered membrane... Read More

Nuclear pore

Definition noun plural: nuclear pores ˈnu kli ər, pɔː Any of the many perforations on the nucleus as a result of the... Read More

Initiation

Definition noun (general) The beginning of a state or of a process; the act of initiating Supplement In general sense, the... Read More

Termination codon

termination codon (Science: molecular biology) The three codons, UAA known as ochre, UAG as amber and UGA as opal, that do... Read More

Phosphorylation

Phosphorylation Definition We can define phosphorylation as a biochemical process in which a phosphate molecule is added to... Read More

G-protein

G-protein (Science: cell biology, molecular biology) intracellular membrane-associated proteins activated by several (e.g.,... Read More

Guanine

Definition noun plural: guanines gua·nine, ˈɡwɑː.niːn (biochemistry) A purine nucleobase that complementary pairs... Read More

Rac

rac 1. (Science: molecular biology) small gTP-binding protein involved in regulating actin cytoskeleton the activated form... Read More

Adenine

Definition noun plural: adenines ad·e·nine, ˈædɪnɪn (biochemistry) A purine nucleobase that complementary pairs... Read More

Ribonucleic acid

Ribonucleic Acid Definition noun (uncountable), ribonucleic acids ri·bo·nu·cle·ic ac·id, raɪboʊnjuːkliːɪk... Read More

Pinocytosis

Pinocytosis Definition What is pinocytosis?  Pinocytosis is the ingestion of extracellular fluids, i.e. the fluid... Read More

Translation

In biology, translation is a step in protein biosynthesis where a genetic code from a strand of mRNA is decoded to produce a... Read More