24 results found

Search Results for: metaphase plate

Metaphase plate

Definition noun The plane in the equatorial region of the spindle where chromosomes align during cell division (i.e. mitosis... Read More

Metaphase

Definition noun The phase following prophase and preceding anaphase of cell divisions (i.e. mitosis and meiosis), and... Read More

Metaphase I

Definition noun The second stage in the first meiotic division after prophase I, and highlights the alignment of paired... Read More

Metaphase II

Definition noun The second stage in meiosis II after prophase II, and highlights the alignment of chromosomes along a single... Read More

Mitosis

Mitosis Definition What is mitosis? In biology, mitosis refers to the cellular process where a single cell divides... Read More

Anaphase

Definition noun The phase following metaphase and preceding telophase of cell divisions (i.e. mitosis and meiosis), and... Read More

Meiotic spindle

Definition noun The collective term for all the spindle fibers that form during meiosis Supplement The spindle apparatus is... Read More

Law of Segregation

Mendel’s Laws of Inheritance The father of genetics, Gregor Mendel, reported his findings in 1860 that were initially... Read More

Anaphase I

Definition noun The third stage in the first meiotic division after prophase I, and highlights the separation of paired... Read More

Cells know when to separate at mitosis

How do cells know when to separate during mitosis? A molecule called BubR1 was found to regulate the timing of the division... Read More

Mitotic spindle

Definition noun The collective term for all the spindle fibers that form during mitosis Supplement The spindle apparatus is... Read More

Spindle fiber

Definition noun, plural: spindle fibers Any of a network of filaments that collectively form a mitotic spindle (in... Read More

Kinetochore

Definition noun, plural: kinetochores A protein complex that assembles at the centromeric region of the chromosome during... Read More

Meiosis and Alternation of Generations

Review of Mitosis: Cell Cycle The cell cycle contains the process in which cells are either dividing or in between... Read More

Acrocentric chromosome

Definition noun, plural: acrocentric chromosomes A chromosome whose centromere is subterminal resulting in its q arms being... Read More

Holocentric chromosome

Definition noun, plural: holocentric chromosomes A chromosome in which the entire length of the chromosome seems to act as a... Read More

Telocentric chromosome

Definition noun, plural: telocentric chromosomes A chromosome whose centromere is placed very close to the end of the... Read More

Subtelocentric chromosome

Definition noun, plural: subtelocentric chromosomes A chromosome whose centromere is placed near the end rather than the... Read More

Metacentric chromosome

Definition noun, plural: metacentric chromosomes A chromosome in which the centromere is located in the middle resulting in... Read More

Homologous chromosome

A homologous chromosome pertains to one of a pair of chromosomes with the same gene sequence, loci, chromosomal length, and... Read More

Submetacentric chromosome

Definition noun, plural: submetacentric chromosomes A chromosome with a centromere located sub-median resulting in slightly... Read More

Chromosome

Chromosomes Definition noun, plural: chromosomes. Word origin: Greek chroma ("color") + soma ("body"). What are... Read More

Plant Cells vs. Animal Cells

Plant Cells Most cells are not visible with the naked eye. However, with microscopes of various types, plant cells can be... Read More

Centrosome

Centrosome Definition What is a centrosome? The centrosome is considered to be the main microtubule-organizing... Read More