66 results found

Search Results for: polysaccharide

Polysaccharide

Polysaccharide Definition Biology Definition: A polysaccharide is a carbohydrate formed by long chains of repeating units... Read More

C polysaccharide

C polysaccharide (Science: microbiology) polysaccharide released by pneumococci which contains galactosamine 6 phosphate and... Read More

Chitin

Definition noun plural: chitin chi·tin, ˈkaɪtɪn (1) A polymer of nitrogen-containing polysaccharide (C8H13O5N)n... Read More

Cellulose

Cellulose Definition Cellulose is a polysaccharide consisting of a linear chain of β (1→4) linked D-glucose units:... Read More

Starch

Starch Definition Starch is a polysaccharide (C6H10O5)n consisting of a large number of glucose monomers joined together... Read More

Carbohydrate

Carbohydrate Definition A biomolecule refers to any molecule that is produced by living organisms. As such, most of them... Read More

Amylose

Definition noun, plural: amyloses A polysaccharide formed from alpha-D-glucopyranosyl units in alpha-(1,4) glycosidic... Read More

Glycogen

Definition noun plural: glycogens gly·co·gen, glī′kə-jən A multi-branched polymer of glucose, mainly produced in... Read More

Cell wall

The cell is the structural, functional, and biological unit of all organisms. It is a membrane-bound structure containing... Read More

Sugar

Sugar Definition The term sugar is the generic term for any disaccharides and monosaccharides. Sugars are an essential... Read More

Amylopectin

Definition noun, plural: amylopectin A polysaccharide made up of highly-branched polymer of alpha-glucose units, and is a... Read More

Proteoglycan

Definition noun, plural: proteoglycans A macromolecule that has a core protein attached covalently to one or more... Read More

Glycosaminoglycan

Definition noun (biochemistry) The polysaccharide unit of proteoglycan Supplement Glycosaminoglycans are the polysaccharide... Read More

Galactose

Definition noun plural: galactoses ga·lac·tose, ɡəˈlæktəʊz An aldohexose monosaccharide (chemical formula:... Read More

Maltotriose

Definition noun A trisaccharide that has a chemical formula of C18H32O16 and formed from the combination of three monomers... Read More

Chitobiose

Definition noun A dimer comprised of two molecules of glucosamine units joined by β-1,4 bonds, and produced by organisms... Read More

Saccharide

Saccharide Definition What is a saccharide molecule? A saccharide is the unit structure of carbohydrates. In biochemistry,... Read More

Monosaccharide

Monosaccharide Definition In biology and biochemistry, a monosaccharide is a simple sugar that constitutes the building... Read More

Polymerization

Definition noun, plural: polymerizations The act of process of forming a polymer, especially by chemical reactions that join... Read More

Oligosaccharide

Carbohydrates are organic compounds consisting of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, usually in the ratio of 1:2:1. They are one... Read More

Biomolecule

A molecule is an electrically neutral, group of atoms that can exist alone in a free state while its characteristic... Read More

Fructose

Fructose Definition Fructose is a ketohexose monosaccharide with a chemical formula of C6H12O6. It is the sweetest of all... Read More

Antigen

Antigen Definition What is an antigen? A simple definition is that an antigen refers to any substance that triggers an... Read More

Roughage

Definition noun plural: roughages rough·age, ɹʌf'ɪdʒ (1) A dietary fiber (2) Hay or any other coarse feed, such as... Read More

Human milk oligosaccharide

Definition noun plural: human milk oligosaccharides An oligosaccharide that occurs in high concentrations and exclusively... Read More

Glycocalyx

Definition noun, plural: glycocalyses (1) The outer layer usually made up of bound polysaccharides on the cell surface and... Read More

Glyceraldehyde phosphate

Definition noun A phosphate ester of the 3-carbon sugar glyceraldehyde and has chemical formula:... Read More

Beta-amylase

'Definition noun, plural: beta-amylases A form of amylase found in bacteria, molds, yeasts, and the seeds of plants that... Read More

Protein Activity and Cellular Metabolism

Protein Binding Sites The ability of various molecules and ions to bind to specific sites on the protein surface forms the... Read More

Polynucleotide

Definition noun plural: polynucleotides pol·y·nu·cle·o·tide, ˌpɒlɪˈno͞o′klē-ə-tīd A biopolymer comprised of... Read More

Laminarin

Definition noun, plural: laminarins A storage polysaccharide that is found in brown algae which is purely made up of... Read More

Neisseria flavescens

Definition Noun A gram-negative saprophytic bacterium found normally in the nasopharynx, mouth and upper respiratory tracts... Read More

Dextrin

Definition noun, plural: dextrins A carbohydrate that has a chemical formula of C18H32O16, used chiefly as a thickening... Read More

Fructooligosaccharide

Definition noun plural: fructooligosaccharides fruc·to·ol·i·go·sac·cha·ride, ɪhɡəʊˈsækəɹaɪd An... Read More

Aldose

Definition noun, plural: aldoses Any monosaccharide containing an aldehyde group (-CHO) Supplement A carbohydrate is an... Read More

Galacto-oligosaccharide

Definition noun plural: galacto-oligosaccharides ga·lac·to·ol·i·go·sac·cha·ride An oligosaccharide made up of... Read More

Ketose

Definition noun, plural: ketoses A monosaccharide with a ketone as its carbonyl group Supplement A carbohydrate is an... Read More

Depolymerization

Definition noun, plural: depolymerizations The act of process of breaking down a polymer into smaller units or... Read More

Lactulose

Definition noun A disaccharide made up of galactose and fructose and produced through a heat... Read More

Cellobiose

Definition noun plural: cellobioses cel·lo·bi·ose, ˌsɛləʊˈbaɪəʊz A disaccharide made up of two glucose... Read More