641 results found

Search Results for: protein

Protein

Protein Definition Proteins are biomolecules comprised of amino acid residues joined together by peptide bonds.... Read More

Protein synthesis

Protein synthesis is the process of creating protein molecules. In biological systems, it involves amino acid synthesis,... Read More

Carrier protein

Carrier protein is a type of cell membrane protein involved in facilitated diffusion and active transport of substances out... Read More

Genetic Information and Protein Synthesis

Genetic Code Genes are sequences of DNA nucleotides that carry and transmit the information specifying amino acid sequences... Read More

A new wrinkle in evolution — Man-made proteins

Nature, through the trial and error of evolution, has discovered a vast diversity of life from what can only presumed to... Read More

Protein Activity and Cellular Metabolism

Protein Binding Sites The ability of various molecules and ions to bind to specific sites on the protein surface forms the... Read More

Protein Variety

The sequence of amino acids determines which type of protein it is. It is synthesized from a DNA strand, each DNA strand... Read More

A Protein Being Born – a live cell imaging of RNA translation

You probably already heard the concepts of translation in the central dogma of molecular biology. The dogma is an... Read More

Protein Synthesis

If you have jumped straight to this page, you may wish to look at the previous tutorial about DNA, which gives background... Read More

Role of Golgi Apparatus & Endoplasmic Reticulum in Protein Synthesis

Continued from the previous tutorial that introduces protein synthesis... mRNA and tRNA mRNA leaves the nucleus and enters... Read More

Membrane protein

Definition noun, plural: membrane proteins A type of protein that is attached to, or associated with, a biological... Read More

Phosphorylation

Phosphorylation Definition We can define phosphorylation as a biochemical process in which a phosphate molecule is added to... Read More

Integral membrane protein

Definition noun A protein molecule (or assembly of proteins) that is permanently attached or firmly anchored in the plasma... Read More

C-reactive protein

C-reactive protein (Science: protein) this blood test is used as an indicator of acute inflammation. C-reactive protein is a... Read More

Integral protein

Definition noun, plural: integral proteins A protein molecule or protein assembly permanently attached in biological... Read More

Peripheral membrane protein

Definition noun, plural: peripheral membrane proteins A protein that temporarily adheres to the biological membrane, either... Read More

Polypeptide

Polypeptide Definition Biology What are polypeptides? A polypeptide is defined as a polymer of amino acids joined together... Read More

Glycoprotein

Definition noun, plural: glycoproteins Any of the conjugated proteins, characterized by having one or more... Read More

Spheroprotein

Definition noun, plural: spheroproteins A type of protein characterized by being globular or spherical in shape, and... Read More

Scleroprotein

Definition noun, plural: scleroproteins A type of protein characterized by being fibrous and its function which is to... Read More

Protein domain

Definition noun (1) An autonomously folding functional unit of a protein. (2) A part of protein that can fold, function... Read More

Intrinsic protein

Definition noun, plural: intrinsic proteins Any of the group of integral membrane proteins that facilitate specific... Read More

RASER proteins selectively “hack” and “shut down” cancer cells

According to World Health Organization, cancer is the second leading cause of death worldwide. The record showed that it... Read More

Microtubule-associated protein

Definition noun, plural: microtubule-associated proteins Any of the proteins bound to the tubulin subunits of the... Read More

Protein coat

Definition noun (virology) A coat of proteins surrounding the nucleic acid of a virus Supplement The protein coat is made up... Read More

Codon

What does codon mean? A codon, in biology, is the basic genetic unit of life that acts as the template for the amino acid... Read More

Rough endoplasmic reticulum

Definition noun plural: rough endoplasmic reticula (cell biology) A type of endoplasmic reticulum wherein polyribosomes... Read More

Endomembrane system

Ever wondered how biomolecules are made within the cell and then they are released outside the cell for use by the body?... Read More

Endoplasmic reticulum

Definition noun plural: endoplasmic reticula (cell biology) A membrane-bound organelle that occurs as labyrinthine,... Read More

Translation

In biology, translation is a step in protein biosynthesis where a genetic code from a strand of mRNA is decoded to produce a... Read More

Denaturation

Denaturation Definition In biochemistry, denaturation is defined as a process in which a molecular structure deviates from... Read More

Frameshift mutation

Define Frameshift Mutation What is a frameshift mutation? In biology, insertions or deletions of nucleotides in the coding... Read More

Ribonucleic acid

Ribonucleic Acid Definition noun (uncountable), ribonucleic acids ri·bo·nu·cle·ic ac·id, raɪboʊnjuːkliːɪk... Read More

Gag protein

Definition noun, plural: Gag proteins A polyprotein encoded by a retroviral gag gene Supplement Gag stands for... Read More

F protein

F protein (Science: protein) a protein derived from the sendai virus which can be used in the laboratory to cause cell... Read More

Simple protein

simple protein protein that yields only alpha-amino acids or their derivatives by hydrolysis; e.g., albumins, globulins,... Read More

Proteinoplast

Definition noun, plural: proteinoplasts (botany) A leucoplast that stores and modifies protein Supplement Plastids are... Read More

Extrinsic protein

Definition noun, plural: extrinsic proteins A membrane protein that partially span the membrane, and is attached either to... Read More

Protein pump

Protein pump - a kind of protein that is capable of pumping out compounds that could pose a threat to the cell. An example... Read More

Ribosome

Definition noun plural: ribosomes ri·bo·some, ˈɹaɪbəˌsəʊm (cell biology) A minute, sphere-shaped particle... Read More