21 results found

Search Results for: recombinant dna

Recombinant DNA

Definition noun Genetically-engineered DNA molecule formed by splicing fragments of DNA from a different source or from... Read More

Nucleosome

Nucleosome Definition Every organism is made of deoxyribonucleic acid, also known as DNA. DNA is made up of numerous... Read More

Ligase

An enzyme is a catalyst or a chemical produced by cells to speed up a biochemical reaction. It is usually a protein molecule... Read More

RDNA

Definition noun, plural: rDNAs An abbreviation for the following terms: ribosomal DNA recombinant DNA Supplement rDNA can... Read More

Fragmentation

Fragmentation Definition What is fragmentation? In general, fragmentation refers to the state or the process of breaking... Read More

Bacteria

Bacteria Definition What are bacteria? What is the definition of bacteria in biology? Bacteria are defined as organisms... Read More

Dna ligase

Dna ligase (Science: enzyme molecular biology) enzyme involved in dna replication. The dna ligase of E. Coli seals nicks in... Read More

Transgenic

Definition adjective Of, pertaining to, or relating to an organism that has genes from another organism put into its genome... Read More

Vector

Vector Definition When one thinks of vectors one may think of many different things. This is because a vector can be... Read More

Transgene

Definition noun, plural: transgenes A segment of DNA from one organism introduced into the genome of another organism (from... Read More

Restriction enzyme

Definition noun, plural: restriction enzymes An enzyme that catalyzes the cleavage of DNA at restriction sites, producing... Read More

Genetic Engineering Advantages & Disadvantages

  Through genetic engineering, scientists are able to move desirable genes from one plant or animal to another or... Read More

Plasmid

Definition noun, plural: plasmids A linear or circular double-stranded DNA that is capable of replicating independently of... Read More

Escherichia coli

Definition A Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped species belonging to the family... Read More

Clone

Definition noun, plural: clones A propagating population of organisms, either single cell or multicellular, derived from a... Read More

Cloning vector

Definition noun A piece of DNA where foreign DNA fragment is inserted through recombinant DNA technology. Supplement Cloning... Read More

Erythropoietin

Definition noun, plural: erythropoietins A glycoprotein hormone that regulates the production of red blood cells in the bone... Read More

Gene-splicing

The technology of preparing recombinant dna in vitro by cutting up dna molecules and splicing together fragments from more... Read More

Transgenesis

Definition noun The process of introducing transgene from one organism into another (unrelated) organism or... Read More

Phenotype

Phenotype refers to the observable characteristics of an organism as a multifactorial consequence of genetic traits and... Read More

C4 plant

Carbon fixation is a process of taking carbon dioxide in order to synthesize sugar, such as glucose. Thus, carbon dioxide is... Read More