28 results found

Search Results for: aldose

Aldose

Definition noun, plural: aldoses Any monosaccharide containing an aldehyde group (-CHO) Supplement A carbohydrate is an... Read More

Ketose

Definition noun, plural: ketoses A monosaccharide with a ketone as its carbonyl group Supplement A carbohydrate is an... Read More

Monosaccharide

Definition noun plural: monosaccharides mon·o·sac·cha·ride, ˈmɒ.nəʊˈsæk.ə.ɹaɪd (biochemistry) A simple... Read More

Sorbitol

Definition noun plural: sorbitols sor·bi·tol, ˈsɔr bɪˌtɔl A sugar alcohol with a sweet taste, occurs naturally in... Read More

Polyol

Definition noun plural: polyols pol•y•ol, ˈpɒlɪɒl A polyhydric alcohol, i.e. an alcohol containing three or more... Read More

Triose

Definition noun, plural: trioses A three-carbon monosaccharide Supplement Monosaccharides are the simplest form of... Read More

Heptose

Definition noun, plural: heptoses A seven-carbon monosaccharide or sugar Supplement Monosaccharides are the simplest form of... Read More

Pentose

Definition noun, plural: pentoses A five-carbon monosaccharide Supplement Monosaccharides are the simplest form of... Read More

Octose

Definition noun, plural: octoses An eight -carbon monosaccharide or sugar Supplement Monosaccharides are the simplest form... Read More

Allose

Definition noun An aldohexose monosaccharide that is a stereoisomer of glucose and found in the leaves of the African shrub... Read More

Hexose

Definition noun, plural: hexoses A six-carbon monosaccharide Supplement Monosaccharides are the simplest form of... Read More

Nonose

Definition noun, plural: nonoses A nine-carbon monosaccharide or sugar Supplement Monosaccharides are the simplest form of... Read More

Prostaglandin F2-alpha

Definition noun, plural: prostaglandins F A biologically active prostaglandin that forms when the intermediate prostaglandin... Read More

Fructose

Definition noun plural: fructoses fruc•tose, ˈfɹʊk.toʊs A ketohexose monosaccharide with a chemical formula of... Read More

Mannose

Definition noun A hexoaldose monosaccharide with a chemical formula of C6H12O6, and an isomer of glucose from manna, the ash... Read More

Tetrose

Definition noun, plural: tetroses A four-carbon monosaccharide Supplement Monosaccharides are the simplest form of... Read More

Talose

Definition noun An aldohexose monosaccharide that is C-2 epimeric with galactose Supplement Monosaccharides are the simplest... Read More

Altrose

Definition noun An aldohexose monosaccharide that is epimeric with mannose Supplement Monosaccharides are the simplest form... Read More

Idose

Definition noun An aldohexose monosaccharide that is isomeric with galactose Supplement Monosaccharides are the simplest... Read More

L-glucose

Definition noun An L-stereoisomer of glucose molecule, which is comparatively less biologically active than D-glucose, and... Read More

Kiliani-fischer synthesis

Kiliani-fischer synthesis a synthetic procedure for the extension of the carbon atom chain of aldoses by treatment with... Read More

Cellular respiration

Cellular Respiration Definition The main function of cellular respiration is to break down glucose to form energy. What is... Read More

Reducing sugar

Reducing Sugar Definition What is reducing sugar? The type of sugar that acts as the reducing agent and can effectively... Read More

Anomer

Anomer (Science: biochemistry) stereoisomers of a sugar which differ only in how they are configured about their respective... Read More

Sorbose

Definition noun A ketohexose monosaccharide, (3S,4R,5S)-1,3,4,5,6-Pentahydroxyhexan-2-one, with a chemical formula of ... Read More

Dextrose

Definition noun The dextrorotatory form of glucose, and commercially obtained by the inversion of cane sugar or... Read More

Gulose

Definition noun An aldohexose monosaccharide that is C-3 epimer of galactose Supplement Monosaccharides are the simplest... Read More

Fructooligosaccharide

Definition noun plural: fructooligosaccharides fruc·to·ol·i·go·sac·cha·ride, ɪhɡəʊˈsækəɹaɪd An... Read More