85 results found

Search Results for: amino acid sequence

Codon

What does codon mean? A codon, in biology, is the basic genetic unit of life that acts as the template for the amino acid... Read More

Frameshift mutation

Define Frameshift Mutation What is a frameshift mutation? In biology, insertions or deletions of nucleotides in the coding... Read More

Polypeptide

Polypeptide Definition Biology What are polypeptides? A polypeptide is defined as a polymer of amino acids joined together... Read More

Protein

Protein Definition Proteins are biomolecules comprised of amino acid residues joined together by peptide bonds.... Read More

Amino acid sequence

Amino acid sequence The sequence of amino acids as arrayed in chains, sheets, etc., within the protein molecule. this is... Read More

Translation

In biology, translation is a step in protein biosynthesis where a genetic code from a strand of mRNA is decoded to produce a... Read More

Ribonucleic acid

Ribonucleic Acid Definition noun (uncountable), ribonucleic acids ri·bo·nu·cle·ic ac·id, raɪboʊnjuːkliːɪk... Read More

Mutation

Mutation is a permanent, heritable change in the nucleotide sequence or the process by which such a change occurs in a gene... Read More

A new wrinkle in evolution — Man-made proteins

Nature, through the trial and error of evolution, has discovered a vast diversity of life from what can only presumed to... Read More

Transfer ribonucleic acid

Definition noun plural: transfer ribonucleic acids trans•fer ri•bo•nu•cle•ic ac•id, ˈtɹænsfɝ... Read More

Protein synthesis

Protein synthesis is the process of creating protein molecules. In biological systems, it involves amino acid synthesis,... Read More

Mutagen

Mutagen Definition What is a mutagen? A mutagen is a substance or agent that causes DNA impairment that results in the... Read More

Phosphorylation

Phosphorylation Definition We can define phosphorylation as a biochemical process in which a phosphate molecule is added to... Read More

Missense mutation

Definition noun, plural: missense mutations A form of point mutation resulting in a codon that codes for a different amino... Read More

Polymorphism

Polymorphism Definition The occurrence of two or more different forms or morphs in the population of a species is referred... Read More

Nucleic acid

Definition noun plural: nucleic acid nu·cle·ic ac·id, nuˈkleɪ.ɪk ˈæsɪd Any of the group of complex compounds... Read More

Degenerate

Degenerate means to become worse or less of its kind or former state. In biology, it means an entity performs the same... Read More

Nonsense mutation

Definition noun, plural: nonsense mutations A form of point mutation resulting in a nonsense codon that does not code for an... Read More

Silent mutation

Definition noun, plural: silent mutations A form of point mutation resulting in a codon that codes for the same or a... Read More

Deoxyribonucleic acid

Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) Definition A nucleic acid refers to any of the group of complex compounds made up of linear... Read More

Transcription (biology)

In biology, transcription is the process of transcribing or making a copy of the genetic information stored in a DNA strand... Read More

Point mutation

Definition noun, plural: point mutations (genetics) A small-scale mutation characterized by a change of only one nucleotide... Read More

Argipressin

Definition noun, plural: argipressins A vasopressin that has an amino acid sequence:... Read More

Messenger ribonucleic acid

Definition noun plural: messenger ribonucleic acids mes•sen•ger ri•bo•nu•cle•ic ac•id, ˈmɛ.sɪn.dʒəɹ... Read More

Guanine

Definition noun plural: guanines gua·nine, ˈɡwɑː.niːn (biochemistry) A purine nucleobase that complementary pairs... Read More

Allele

Allele Definition What are alleles? An allele is a term coined to describe a specific copy of a gene. Genes, the DNA... Read More

Endomembrane system

Ever wondered how biomolecules are made within the cell and then they are released outside the cell for use by the body?... Read More

Denaturation

Denaturation Definition In biochemistry, denaturation is defined as a process in which a molecular structure deviates from... Read More

Murein

Definition noun A crystal lattice structure in the cell wall of eubacteria formed by the linear chains of two alternating... Read More

Adenine

Definition noun plural: adenines ad·e·nine, ˈædɪnɪn (biochemistry) A purine nucleobase that complementary pairs... Read More

Conserved sequence

Conserved sequence (Science: molecular biology) a base sequence in a dna molecule (or an amino acid sequence in a protein)... Read More

Signal sequence

Definition noun A sequence of amino acid residues bound at the amino terminus of a nascent protein during protein... Read More

Isoenzyme

Isozymes (also known as isoenzymes) are enzymes that differ in amino acid sequence but catalyze the same chemical reaction.... Read More