45 results found

Search Results for: base pair

Base pair substitution

Definition noun, plural: base pair substitutions A type of mutation involving replacement or substitution of a single... Read More

Mutagen

Mutagen Definition What is a mutagen? A mutagen is a substance or agent that causes DNA impairment that results in the... Read More

Base pair

Base pair (Science: molecular biology) two nitrogenous bases (adenine and thymine or guanine and cytosine) held together by... Read More

Frameshift mutation

Define Frameshift Mutation What is a frameshift mutation? In biology, insertions or deletions of nucleotides in the coding... Read More

Base

Definition noun, plural: bases (1) (molecular biology) The nucleobase of a nucleotide involved in base pairing, as of a DNA... Read More

Deoxyribonucleic acid

Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) Definition A nucleic acid refers to any of the group of complex compounds made up of linear... Read More

Transfer ribonucleic acid

Definition noun plural: transfer ribonucleic acids trans•fer ri•bo•nu•cle•ic ac•id, ˈtɹænsfɝ... Read More

Translation

In biology, translation is a step in protein biosynthesis where a genetic code from a strand of mRNA is decoded to produce a... Read More

DNA Structure & DNA Replication

Previous pages in this tutorial have described the basics of a cell, the energy required by these cells and how energy is... Read More

Transcription (biology)

In biology, transcription is the process of transcribing or making a copy of the genetic information stored in a DNA strand... Read More

Gene

A gene is the fundamental, physical, and functional unit of heredity. The genes make up the sequences of DNA (genotypes).... Read More

Genetic Information and Protein Synthesis

Genetic Code Genes are sequences of DNA nucleotides that carry and transmit the information specifying amino acid sequences... Read More

Covalent bond

Covalent Bond Definition What is a covalent bond? In chemistry and other fundamental science fields, a covalent bond is... Read More

Microsatellite

Definition noun, plural: microsatellites (molecular biology) A tandem repeat ranging in length from 1 to 6 base pairs,... Read More

Recombination DNA repair

Recombination DNA Repair Definition Recombination DNA repair is a biological reparative process in response to DNA damage... Read More

Chemical Composition of the Body

In order to fully understand the mechanisms of human physiology, it is important to have an understanding of the chemical... Read More

Ribonucleic acid

Ribonucleic Acid Definition noun (uncountable), ribonucleic acids ri·bo·nu·cle·ic ac·id, raɪboʊnjuːkliːɪk... Read More

Polymorphism

Polymorphism Definition The occurrence of two or more different forms or morphs in the population of a species is referred... Read More

Ribosomal ribonucleic acid

Definition noun plural: ribosomal ribonucleic acids ri•bo•so•mal ri•bo•nu•cle•ic ac•id, ˈraɪ... Read More

Mutation

Mutation is a permanent, heritable change in the nucleotide sequence or the process by which such a change occurs in a gene... Read More

Wobble hypothesis

wobble hypothesis (Science: molecular biology) explains why the base inosine is included in position 1 in the anticodons of... Read More

Leaves

Leaves are highly efficient solar energy converters. They capture light energy and through the process of photosynthesis.... Read More

Gene mutation

Definition noun, plural: gene mutations A genetic change at the level of the genes; a change in the nitrogenous base... Read More

Nucleosome

Definition noun, plural: nucleosomes The basic structural unit of chromatin, and is made up of a coil of DNA wound around a... Read More

Genome

Definition noun, plural: genomes (1) The complete set of genetic material in an organism (2) The total genetic content in... Read More

Codon

What does codon mean? A codon, in biology, is the basic genetic unit of life that acts as the template for the amino acid... Read More

Wobble

wobble In molecular biology, unorthodox pairing between the base at the 5' end of an anticodon and the base that pairs with... Read More

Population Growth and Survivorship

By: Maria Victoria Gonzaga Previously, we learned about biodiversity and endemism. Now, let's look at the... Read More

Kidney

Definition noun, plural: kidneys (anatomy) Either of a pair of two bean-shaped organs located at the back of the abdominal... Read More

Repetitive DNA

Definition noun (molecular biology) Repetitive nucleotide sequences in the DNA throughout the genome Supplement The... Read More

Sticky end

Definition noun, plural: sticky ends (molecular biology) A fragment of DNA (often produced by a staggered cut on the DNA... Read More

Repeated sequences

Definition noun (molecular biology) Multiple copies of nucleotide sequences in the nucleic acids (i.e. DNA or RNA)... Read More

Down promoter mutation

Down promoter mutation (Science: molecular biology) a mutation (a change in base pair sequence) in a promoter region, this... Read More

Substitution mutation

Definition noun, plural: substitution mutations (genetics) A small-scale mutation characterized by a substitution of one or... Read More

Multiple alleles

Alleles are the pairs of genes occupying a specific spot called locus on a chromosome. Typically, there are only two alleles... Read More

Cohesive end

Definition noun, plural: cohesive ends (molecular biology) A fragment of DNA (often produced by a staggered cut on the DNA... Read More

Conjugate

Definition noun The complex formed from the joining together of two or more molecules, especially by covalent... Read More

Law of Independent Assortment

Law of Independent Assortment Definition The Mendelian inheritance principles are derived from and named after the monk,... Read More

Hydrogen bond

Definition noun plural: hydrogen bonds A type of chemical bond that is formed when the slightly positive hydrogen atom of... Read More

Hyoid bone

Definition noun, plural: hyoid bones The U-shaped bone that lies in the throat just below the tongue, and is surrounded by... Read More