143 results found

Search Results for: beta

Beta-blocker

Definition noun, plural: beta-blockers A drug that blocks the action of endogenous catecholamines on beta-adrenergic... Read More

Beta barrel

Definition noun, plural: beta barrels A large β-sheet that twists and coils to form a closed structure where the first... Read More

Beta-amylase

'Definition noun, plural: beta-amylases A form of amylase found in bacteria, molds, yeasts, and the seeds of plants that... Read More

Beta

Beta entry pre fix is generally ignored for alphabetical reference, look for main portion of... Read More

Homeostasis

Homeostasis is the tendency not to stray from the range of favorable or ideal internal conditions. Such conditions must be... Read More

Intrinsic sympathomimetic activity

Definition noun The property of a drug that produces partial agonist effect at the receptor similar to the cholinergic... Read More

Allele

Allele Definition What are alleles? An allele is a term coined to describe a specific copy of a gene. Genes, the DNA... Read More

Hexosaminidase A

Definition noun A hydrolytic enzyme implicated in the breakdown of ganglioside producing... Read More

Insulin

Definition noun A polypeptide hormone secreted by the beta cells of the islets of Langerhans of the pancreas to regulate the... Read More

Microfilament

Definition noun plural: microfilaments mi·cro·fil·a·ments, mī'krō-fil'ă-mĕnts A thin, helical, single-stranded... Read More

Microtubule

Microtubule Definition noun plural: microtubules mi·cro·tu·bule, mī'krō-tū'byūl A cytoplasmic tubule made up of... Read More

Lysosomal enzyme

Definition noun plural: lysosomal enzymes ly·so·somal en·zyme, ˈlaɪsəˌsoʊm əl ˈɛnzaɪm (biochemistry) Any of... Read More

Islets of Langerhans

Definition noun The endocrine region of the pancreas, i.e. pancreatic cells that produce hormones, mainly glucagon and... Read More

Streptococcus

Definition noun, plural: streptococci (1) A genus of bacteria characterized by being coccus, Gram-positive, and occurring in... Read More

Saccharogen amylase

'Definition noun, plural: saccharogen amylases A form of amylase found in bacteria, molds, yeasts, and the seeds of plants... Read More

Glucose

Glucose occurs naturally and is ubiquitous. It is one of the three most common monosaccharides; the other two are fructose... Read More

Hemolysin

Definition noun, plural: hemolysins An agent or substance that causes hemolysis, i.e. the lysis of red blood cells resulting... Read More

Sickle cell anaemia

Definition noun A hereditary blood disorder resulting in anaemia due to a mutation in the allele coding for the beta chain... Read More

Glycoprotein

Definition noun, plural: glycoproteins Any of the conjugated proteins, characterized by having one or more... Read More

Hemoglobinopathy

Definition noun, plural: hemoglobinopathies A genetic disorder resulting in an abnormal globin structure in the hemoglobin... Read More

Cytoskeleton

Definition noun plural: cytoskeletons cy·to·skel·e·ton (cell biology) The lattice or internal framework of a cell... Read More

Sterols

sterol (Science: chemistry) Any steroid-based alcohol having a hydrocarbon (aliphatic) side-chain of 8-10 carbons at the... Read More

Paralogy

Science (genetics, molecular biology, genomics) genes or gene products that are homologous (descended from a common... Read More

Hb

Hb --> haemoglobin (Science: cell biology, haematology) Four subunit globular oxygen carrying protein of the erythrocytes... Read More

Gamma-amylase

'Definition noun, plural: gamma-amylases A form of amylase that cleaves the last alpha-1,4-glycosidic linkages at the... Read More

Luteinizing hormone

Definition noun, plural: luteinizing hormones A gonadotropin released by the gonadotropes of the anterior pituitary, and,... Read More

Dopamine

Definition noun, plural: dopamines 3,4-dihydroxyphenethylamine (chemical formula: C8H11NO2); a neurotransmitter or a hormone... Read More

Lactose

Definition noun plural: lactoses lac·tose, ˈlæk.toʊs A disaccharide (chemical formula: C12H22O11) made up of one... Read More

Gamma hemolysis

Definition noun Nonhemolytic bacterial colony on blood agar plates. Supplement The hemolytic reactions of streptococci on... Read More

Alpha hemolysis

Definition noun A partial hemolysis on blood agar plates as indicated by a green discoloration around the bacterial... Read More

Uridine

Definition noun plural: uridines u·ri·dine, ˈjʊə.ɹɪ.din A pyrimidine nucleoside that has uracil attached to the... Read More

Edmonton Protocol – Possible cure for Type 1 Diabetes patients

Abstract The Edmonton Protocol is only capable of treating patients with Type 1 Diabetes since they lack the appropriate... Read More

Biomolecule β-Hydroxybutyrate – key to vascular youth?

One of the hallmarks of old age is vascular aging. Researchers found that a biomolecule, β-Hydroxybutyrate (BHB), can serve... Read More

Sterol

sterol (Science: chemistry) Any steroid-based alcohol having a hydrocarbon (aliphatic) side-chain of 8-10 carbons at the... Read More

Glucagon

Definition noun A peptide hormone (3485 D) produced by the alpha cells of the pancreas, and acts by stimulating the... Read More

Alpha-helix

Definition noun, plural: alpha helices A right-handed coiled conformation common in many proteins in which the resulting... Read More

Transmembrane protein

Definition noun, plural: transmembrane proteins A protein that spans the entire biological... Read More