194 results found

Search Results for: biochemistry

Biochemistry & Molecular Biology of Plants

Biochemistry & Molecular Biology of Plants     ... Read More

Biochemistry

Definition noun The study of the structure and function of cellular components, such as proteins, carbohydrates, lipids,... Read More

Origins of Life : On Earth and in the Cosmos (2nd Ed)

 Origins of Life : On Earth and in the Cosmos   ... Read More

Substrate

Substrate Definition What is a "substrate"? The underlying substances or layers are termed as substrate. The definitions of... Read More

Apoenzyme

Enzymes are biological catalysts that can increase the rate of chemical reactions in living organisms. Enzymes can only... Read More

Anabolism

Anabolism Definition Metabolic processes involve the conversion of one molecule into another through a sequence of chemical... Read More

KD

Definition noun (biochemistry) An equilibrium constant for dissociation (biochemistry) An abbreviation for kilodalton, also... Read More

Polypeptide

Polypeptide Definition Biology What are polypeptides? A polypeptide is defined as a polymer of amino acids joined together... Read More

Biochemical Genetics

Definition noun A branch of genetics at a biochemical level and in which the relationship of genes and their control over... Read More

Biomolecule

Definition noun plural: biomolecules bi·o·mol·e·cule, ˈbaɪoʊ ˈmɑləkjul Any of the molecules produced by living... Read More

Nucleobase

Definition noun plural: nucleobases (biochemistry) The base in the nucleic acid, e.g. purines and pyrimidines Details ... Read More

Inversion

Definition noun, plural: inversions (general) The reversal of state, form, position, direction, order, or course, such as... Read More

Effector

Definition noun, plural: effectors (biochemistry) A molecule that binds to a protein and affects the function of that... Read More

Autophosphorylation

Definition noun (biochemistry) The phosphorylation of the kinase through its own enzymatic... Read More

Biology

Biology Definition Biology is the branch of science that primarily deals with the structure, function, growth, evolution,... Read More

Synthesis

Definition noun, plural: syntheses (biochemistry) The production of an organic compound in a living thing, especially as... Read More

Residue

Definition noun, plural: residues (1) (biochemistry) Any of the monomers comprising a polymer, or any of the parts that... Read More

Activation

Definition noun (general) The state or the process of being active and/or effective (biochemistry) The process of making a... Read More

Buffer

Definition noun, plural: buffers (1) (chemistry) A buffer solution : a solution containing either a weak acid and a... Read More

Fermentation

Fermentation Definition What is fermentation? Fermentation is the breaking down of sugar molecules into simpler compounds... Read More

Nucleotide

Reviewed by: Todd Smith, PhD Nucleotide Definition A nucleotide is regarded as the basic building block of... Read More

Concentration gradient

Concentration gradient definition Concentration gradient refers to the gradual change in the concentration of solutes in a... Read More

Enzyme

Reviewed by: Todd Smith, PhD Definition noun plural: enzymes en·zyme, ˈɛnzaɪm (biochemistry) A... Read More

Molecular biology

molecular biology (Science: study) The study of the biochemistry of cells, it is closely linked to cell biology, in... Read More

Molecule

Definition noun, plural: molecules A tiny or a very small piece (of something). (biology or biochemistry) An extremely small... Read More

Guanosine triphosphate

Definition noun plural: guanosine triphosphates (biochemistry) An organic compound that is composed of guanosine (a... Read More

Codon

What does codon mean? A codon, in biology, is the basic genetic unit of life that acts as the template for the amino acid... Read More

Renaturation

Definition noun, plural: renaturations (molecular biology) The conversion of denatured protein or nucleic acid to its native... Read More

Glucose-6-phosphate

Glucose-6-phosphate (Science: biochemistry) glucose 6-phosphate is a phosphomonoester of glucose that is formed by transfer... Read More

Anomer

Anomer (Science: biochemistry) stereoisomers of a sugar which differ only in how they are configured about their respective... Read More

Glycogenesis

Definition noun The metabolic process of producing glycogen from glucose for storage mainly in liver and muscle cells in... Read More

Denaturation

Denaturation Definition In biochemistry, denaturation is defined as a process in which a molecular structure deviates from... Read More

Chalone

Chalone (Science: biochemistry) cell released tissue specific inhibitor of cell proliferation thought to be responsible for... Read More

Cytidine triphosphate

Definition noun plural: cytidine triphosphates (biochemistry) An organic compound that is composed of cytidine (a cytosine... Read More

De novo pathway

Definition noun, plural: de novo pathways (biochemistry) A biochemical pathway where a complex biomolecule is synthesized... Read More

Adenine

Definition noun plural: adenines ad·e·nine, ˈædɪnɪn (biochemistry) A purine nucleobase that complementary pairs... Read More

Isoenzyme

Isozymes (also known as isoenzymes) are enzymes that differ in amino acid sequence but catalyze the same chemical reaction.... Read More

Cytosine

Definition noun plural: cytosines cy·to·sine, ˈsaɪtəsiːn (biochemistry) A pyrimidine nucleobase that complementary... Read More

Ligase

An enzyme is a catalyst or a chemical produced by cells to speed up a biochemical reaction. It is usually a protein molecule... Read More

Acidosis

Acidosis (Science: biochemistry) a metabolic condition, characterised by an increase in hydrogen ion concentration, that... Read More