132 results found

Search Results for: calcium

Sarcoplasmic reticulum

Definition noun plural: sarcoplasmic reticula (cell biology) The special type of smooth endoplasmic reticulum found in... Read More

Calcium

Calcium (Science: element) An element taken in through the diet that is essential for a variety of bodily functions, such as... Read More

Sarcolemma

Sarcolemma Definition What is the sarcolemma? It is the thin, transparent, extensible plasma membrane of the muscle cell.... Read More

Kidneys and Regulation of Water and Inorganic Ions

Renal Functions Kidneys remove/add substances from/to the plasma. Regulate water concentration, inorganic ion... Read More

Calcium metabolism

Calcium metabolism a set of biochemical processes which act to keep the level of calcium in the blood at a constant level,... Read More

Smooth endoplasmic reticulum

Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum Definition Smooth endoplasmic reticulum (sER) is (a part of) endoplasmic reticulum that is... Read More

Homeostasis

Homeostasis is the tendency not to stray from the range of favorable or ideal internal conditions. Such conditions must be... Read More

Factor IV

Definition noun Any of the calcium ions that serve as a factor in blood coagulation Supplement Coagulation, the process of... Read More

Plant sets off “SOS” for plant defense when it gets hurt

When herbivore, such as an insect, nibbles a plant leaf, the plant sets off an "SOS" or distress signal as one of the... Read More

Axon terminal

An axon terminal is any of the button-like endings of axons through which axons make synaptic contacts with other nerve... Read More

A Balanced Diet – Minerals and Proteins

Minerals Various minerals in the Earth's crust are required for a healthy balanced diet. These inorganic compounds have... Read More

Mitochondrion

Mitochondrion Definition What are mitochondria? The term “mitochondrion” comes from the two words of the Greek... Read More

Lime

Lime 1. To smear with a viscous substance, as birdlime. These twigs, in time, will come to be limed. (L'Estrange) 2. To... Read More

Cytosol

Definition noun plural: cytosols cy·to·sol, ˈsaɪtəˌsɒl (cell biology) The liquid component of the cytoplasm... Read More

Cell adhesion

Cell Adhesion Definition Cell adhesion is the process in which a cell uses a specialized complex of proteins to get... Read More

Muscle

Muscle cells are specialized to generate force and movement. There are three types of muscle tissue: (1) skeletal muscle,... Read More

Skeletal system

What is the Skeletal System? How to define a skeleton? The skeletal system is the main framework that gives your body its... Read More

Endomembrane system

Ever wondered how biomolecules are made within the cell and then they are released outside the cell for use by the body?... Read More

Effect of Chemicals on Growth & Development in Organisms

Plants Plants require a large number of elements to function properly, mainly carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen, essentially... Read More

Movement of Molecules Across Cell Membranes

Diffusion Diffusion is essentially the movement of molecules from a region of higher concentration to a region of lower... Read More

Intracellular fluid

Definition noun The body fluid within the cell composed mainly of water dissolved ions, and other molecules Supplement The... Read More

Balanced diet

What is a balanced diet? What is the definition of a balanced diet? A nutritionally balanced diet fulfills all nutritional... Read More

Involuntary muscle

A muscle act typically either under the control of the will or without conscious control. Muscles that can be controlled at... Read More

Cyclic guanosine monophosphate

Definition noun plural: cyclic guanosine monophosphates (biochemistry) A cyclic form of guanosine monophosphate (chemical... Read More

Active transport

Active transport is a type of cellular transport in which substances (e.g. ions, glucose, and amino acids) are transported... Read More

Oxygen

Oxygen Definition In biochemistry, oxygen is the colorless, odorless, gaseous element represented by the symbol "O", with... Read More

Inhibitory postsynaptic potential

Inhibitory Postsynaptic Potential Definition An inhibitory postsynaptic potential is a type of synaptic potential. It is... Read More

Tropomyosin

Definition noun A long protein strand composed of two fully alpha helical chains in a coiled-coil dimmer, and binds along... Read More

Christmas factor

Definition noun A blood clotting factor in the intrinsic pathway of the blood coagulation cascade and works with clotting... Read More

Cadherin

Definition noun, plural: cadherins Any of a family of cell adhesion molecules that facilitate cell to cell adhesion in a... Read More

Soft coral

Definition noun, plural: soft corals A coral that is soft-bodied and is not involved in coral reef building since it does... Read More

Mineral

Definition noun plural: minerals min·er·al, ˈmɪn.əɹ.əl Any of the various naturally-occurring abiogenic substances,... Read More

Decomposer

Decomposer Definition The organisms that carry out the process of decay or break down of the dead organism are known as... Read More

Cisterna

Definition noun plural: cisternae cis·ter·na, sɪˈstɜːnə (cell biology) The flattened membrane disk containing... Read More

Muscular system

Muscular System Definition What is the muscular system? The muscular system is a system that includes muscle cells and... Read More

Inorganic salt

Definition noun, plural: inorganic salts A salt that lacks C-H bonds Supplement A salt is defined as the neutral ionic... Read More

Endoplasmic reticulum

Definition noun plural: endoplasmic reticula (cell biology) A membrane-bound organelle that occurs as labyrinthine,... Read More

Water in Plants

The movement of molecules, specifically water and any solutes, is vital to understand in light of plant processes. This will... Read More

Chitin

Definition noun plural: chitin chi·tin, ˈkaɪtɪn (1) A polymer of nitrogen-containing polysaccharide (C8H13O5N)n... Read More

Statolith

Definition noun, plural: statoliths (zoology) An otolith, i.e. a crystalline particle of calcium carbonate and a protein... Read More