83 results found

Search Results for: endoplasmic reticulum

Smooth endoplasmic reticulum

Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum Definition Smooth endoplasmic reticulum (sER) is (a part of) endoplasmic reticulum that is... Read More

Endoplasmic reticulum

Definition noun plural: endoplasmic reticula (cell biology) A membrane-bound organelle that occurs as labyrinthine,... Read More

Rough endoplasmic reticulum

Definition noun plural: rough endoplasmic reticula (cell biology) A type of endoplasmic reticulum wherein polyribosomes... Read More

Endomembrane system

Ever wondered how biomolecules are made within the cell and then they are released outside the cell for use by the body?... Read More

Role of Golgi Apparatus & Endoplasmic Reticulum in Protein Synthesis

Continued from the previous tutorial that introduces protein synthesis... mRNA and tRNA mRNA leaves the nucleus and enters... Read More

GERL

GERL Definition GERL is the acronym for Golgi - Endoplasmic Reticulum - Lysosome complex, a system found in the cell and... Read More

Golgi apparatus

Definition noun Gol·gi ap·pa·rat·us, ˈgɔl dʒi ˌæpəˈreɪtəs (cell biology) An organelle that is comprised of... Read More

Ribosome

A biological cell is composed of many components called organelles. These organelles serve their specific purposes to make... Read More

Cisterna

Definition noun plural: cisternae cis·ter·na, sɪˈstɜːnə (cell biology) The flattened membrane disk containing... Read More

Sarcoplasmic reticulum

Definition noun plural: sarcoplasmic reticula (cell biology) The special type of smooth endoplasmic reticulum found in... Read More

Cell Structure

The interior of the cell is divided into the nucleus and the cytoplasm. The nucleus is a spherical or oval-shaped structure... Read More

Organelle

The cell is regarded as the structural, functional, and biological unit of all organisms. It is a membrane-bound structure... Read More

Plant Cells vs. Animal Cells

Plant Cells Most cells are not visible with the naked eye. However, with microscopes of various types, plant cells can be... Read More

Endomembrane

Definition noun, plural: endomembranes The membraneous components in a cell, i.e. nuclear envelope, endoplasmic reticulum,... Read More

Cell

A biological cell is a membrane-bound structure that occurs as a functional independent unit of life (such as in unicellular... Read More

Biological Cell Introduction

It only takes one biological cell to create an organism. In fact, there are countless species of single-celled organisms,... Read More

Mitochondrion

Mitochondrion Definition What are mitochondria? The term “mitochondrion” comes from the two words of the Greek... Read More

Plant cell

Plant Cell Definition A plant cell refers to any cell of a plant. It is the structural and functional unit of plants. Plant... Read More

Lysosome

Lysosome Definition noun plural: lysosomes ly·so·some, ˈlaɪsəˌsoʊm (cell biology) Organelle containing a large... Read More

Eukaryotic cells

Eukaryotic Cells Definition What is a eukaryotic cell? The term “cell” is a common word in biology, anatomy, and... Read More

Eukaryote

Eukaryote refers to any of the single-celled or multicellular organisms whose cell contains a distinct, membrane-bound... Read More

Organism

An organism refers to a living thing that has an organized structure, can react to stimuli, reproduce, grow, adapt, and... Read More

Protoplasm

Definition noun plural: protoplasms pro·to·plasm, ˈprəʊtəˌplæzəm The fluid living content of the cell that... Read More

Perinuclear space

Definition noun plural: perinuclear spaces per·i·nu·cle·ar space The space or gap between the inner and outer... Read More

Animal cell

An animal cell is the fundamental functional unit of life of animals. It is also the basic unit of reproduction. Animal... Read More

Glycosylation

Definition noun A biochemical process where a glycan attaches to a protein, a lipid, or other organic molecule, especially... Read More

Signal peptide

Definition noun An extra-peptide extension found at the amino terminus of a nascent protein, and functions by prompting the... Read More

Cytoplasm

Cytoplasm Definition The cell is known as the building block of all life. Blocks are made up of numerous particles and... Read More

Muscle

Muscle cells are specialized to generate force and movement. There are three types of muscle tissue: (1) skeletal muscle,... Read More

Signal sequence

Definition noun A sequence of amino acid residues bound at the amino terminus of a nascent protein during protein... Read More

Gluconeogenesis

Definition noun The metabolic process in which glucose is formed from non-carbohydrate precursors Supplement Glucose is an... Read More

Plant

Plant Definition (botany) Any of the eukaryotic organisms of the biological kingdom Plantae, characterized by being... Read More

Animal

Animal Definition An animal (plural: animals) refers to any of the eukaryotic multicellular organisms of the biological... Read More

Cell Biology

The cell is defined as the fundamental, functional unit of life. Some organisms are comprised of only one cell whereas... Read More

Nuclear envelope

Definition noun plural: nuclear envelopes nu·cle·ar en·ve·lope, ˈn(j)ukliɚ ˈɛn.və.ləʊp The two layered membrane... Read More

Elaioplast

Definition noun, plural: elaioplasts (botany) A leucoplast that stores oil Supplement Plastids are organelles involved in... Read More

Glycerol

Definition noun glyc•er•ol, ˈglɪs əˌrɔl A sugar alcohol made up of two polyols derived from saponification of... Read More

Translation

Translation, in general, is the conversion of something into another form, such as a word from one language to another. But... Read More

Glucose

Glucose occurs naturally and is ubiquitous. It is one of the three most common monosaccharides; the other two are fructose... Read More

Carbohydrate

Carbohydrate Definition A biomolecule refers to any molecule that is produced by living organisms. As such, most of them... Read More