98 results found

Search Results for: eukaryote

Eukaryote

Eukaryote refers to any of the single-celled or multicellular organisms whose cell contains a distinct, membrane-bound... Read More

Cell

A cell is a membrane-bound structure that occurs as a functional independent unit of life (such as in unicellular organisms,... Read More

Eukaryotic cells

Eukaryotic Cells Definition What is a eukaryotic cell? The term “cell” is a common word in biology, anatomy, and... Read More

Prokaryote

Prokaryote refers to any of the group of organisms primarily characterized by the lack of true nucleus and other... Read More

Glycosylation

Definition noun A biochemical process where a glycan attaches to a protein, a lipid, or other organic molecule, especially... Read More

Precursor mRNA

Definition noun plural: precursor mRNAs An immature or incompletely processed mRNA molecule in eukaryotes that needs to be... Read More

Living things

Living Things Definition A living things pertains to any organism or a life form that possesses or shows the... Read More

Mature mRNA

Definition noun plural: mature mRNAs The completely processed mRNA molecule in the cell of eukaryotes Details Overview... Read More

Eukarya

Definition noun The domain comprised of eukaryotes or organisms whose cells contain a true nucleus. Supplement Eukarya (or... Read More

Organism

An organism refers to a living thing that has an organized structure, can react to stimuli, reproduce, grow, adapt, and... Read More

Protein synthesis

Protein synthesis is the process of creating protein molecules. In biological systems, it involves amino acid synthesis,... Read More

Ribonucleic acid

Ribonucleic Acid Definition noun (uncountable), ribonucleic acids ri·bo·nu·cle·ic ac·id, raɪboʊnjuːkliːɪk... Read More

Oxidative phosphorylation

Definition noun A metabolic pathway that generates ATP from ADP through phosphorylation that derives the energy from the... Read More

Ribosomal DNA

Definition noun DNA sequence that codes for ribosomal RNA Supplement Ribosomal DNA is the sequence of DNA that codes for... Read More

Taxonomy

Taxonomy Definition The term "taxonomy" was developed from two Greek words, "taxis," meaning arrangement, and "nomia,"... Read More

Brown algae

Brown algae are algal species characterized by being multicellular and having brown or greenish brown color. The color is... Read More

Transposon

Definition noun, plural: transposons A small segment of DNA that is capable of replicating and inserting copies of DNA at... Read More

DNA polymerase

Definition noun, plural: DNA polymerases (molecular biology) An enzyme assisting in DNA replication Supplement Polymerases... Read More

Glycosidase

Definition noun, plural: glycosidases (biochemistry) An enzyme catalyzing the hydrolysis of a... Read More

Life

Life Definition noun, plural: lives (1) A distinctive characteristic of a living organism from dead organism or non-living... Read More

Phagotrophy

Definition noun A process of ingesting relatively large particles of food that carries out via intracellular... Read More

Gap 0 phase

Definition noun The phase in the cell cycle wherein the cell is in inactive or non-cycling state following cell... Read More

Synthesis phase

Definition noun (cell biology) A sub-phase in the interphase wherein the cell primarily duplicates its DNA via... Read More

Gap 1 phase

Definition noun (cell biology) The first period in the interphase wherein the cell primarily grows in cell... Read More

Cell morphology

The basic essence for any living organism is its structural framework which includes appearance, form, and the... Read More

Deoxyribonucleic acid

Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) Definition A nucleic acid refers to any of the group of complex compounds made up of linear... Read More

Eukaryotic cell

Definition noun, plural: eukaryotic cells The cell of a eukaryote, i.e. an organism that possesses a membrane-bound... Read More

GERL

Definition noun Acronym for Golgi - Endoplasmic Reticulum - Lysosome complex, a system found in the cell that involves... Read More

Chlorophyta

Chlorophyta is a taxonomic group (a phylum) comprised of green algae that live in marine habitats. Some of them are found in... Read More

Gap 2 phase

Definition noun (cell biology) A sub-phase in the interphase of the cell cycle wherein the cell continues to grow and then... Read More

Constitutive heterochromatin banding

Definition noun (cytogenetics) A selective banding technique wherein a banding pattern is produced in the constitutive... Read More

Ribosomal ribonucleic acid

Definition noun plural: ribosomal ribonucleic acids ri•bo•so•mal ri•bo•nu•cle•ic ac•id, ˈraɪ... Read More

Gerontoplast

Definition noun, plural: gerontoplasts A plastid that forms from chloroplast during senescence Supplement Plastids are... Read More

Primitive Animals

Incorrect taxonomic classifications deemed organisms to be either animals or plants, in the Plantae or Animalia kingdoms... Read More

Amoeba

In protistology, amoeba specifically pertains to the genus Amoeba (true amoeba) of the family Amoebidae, class Tubulinea.... Read More

Translation

In biology, translation is a step in protein biosynthesis where a genetic code from a strand of mRNA is decoded to produce a... Read More

Sulfatide

Definition noun, plural: sulfatides A cerebroside sulfuric ester containing one or more sulfate groups in the sugar portion... Read More

Perfect fungi

Definition noun A group of fungi that reproduce through asexual spores and sexually-produced spores Supplement Fungi are... Read More

Retrotransposon

Definition noun, plural: retrotransposons A transposon that is amplified via reverse transcription, i.e. the DNA element is... Read More

Interspersed repeat

Definition noun, plural: interspersed repeats A type of repeated sequence in which the copies are dispersed throughout the... Read More