37 results found

Search Results for: helical

Helical

Helical 1. Relating to a helix. Synonym: helicine. Synonym: helicoid. Origin: g. Helix, a coil in the shape of a... Read More

Deoxyribonucleic acid

Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) Definition A nucleic acid refers to any of the group of complex compounds made up of linear... Read More

Microfilament

Definition noun plural: microfilaments mi·cro·fil·a·ments, mī'krō-fil'ă-mĕnts A thin, helical, single-stranded... Read More

Myocardium

Myocardium Definition What is the myocardium of the heart?  It is the muscular middle layer of the heart that is... Read More

Cytoskeleton

Definition noun plural: cytoskeletons cy·to·skel·e·ton (cell biology) The lattice or internal framework of a cell... Read More

Thin filament

Definition noun, plural: thin filaments A type of myofilament that is made up of actin, troponin, and tropomyosin molecules,... Read More

Chargaffs rules

Definition noun The rules proposed by an Austro-Hungarian biochemist, Erwin Chargaff, implicating that the double helical... Read More

Nucleic acid

Definition noun plural: nucleic acid nu·cle·ic ac·id, nuˈkleɪ.ɪk ˈæsɪd Any of the group of complex compounds... Read More

Intermediate filaments

Definition noun plural: intermediate filaments A type of cytoskeleton characterized by having a diameter ranging from 8... Read More

Microtubule

Microtubule Definition noun plural: microtubules mi·cro·tu·bule, mī'krō-tū'byūl A cytoplasmic tubule made up of... Read More

Ribonucleic acid

Ribonucleic Acid Definition noun (uncountable), ribonucleic acids ri·bo·nu·cle·ic ac·id, raɪboʊnjuːkliːɪk... Read More

Cell matrix

Definition noun plural: cell matrices cell ma·trix, ˈmeɪtɹɪks An insoluble, dynamic gel in the cytoplasm, believed... Read More

Precursor mRNA

Definition noun plural: precursor mRNAs An immature or incompletely processed mRNA molecule in eukaryotes that needs to be... Read More

Molecular Biology of the Gene 5th Ed. by J.D. Watson et al.

Molecular Biology of the Gene, Fifth Edition      ... Read More

Mature mRNA

Definition noun plural: mature mRNAs The completely processed mRNA molecule in the cell of eukaryotes Details Overview... Read More

Erwin Chargaff

Quick Info (person) A biochemist known for his proposed Chargaff's rules that led to the discovery of the double helical... Read More

Polynucleotide

Definition noun plural: polynucleotides pol·y·nu·cle·o·tide, ˌpɒlɪˈno͞o′klē-ə-tīd A biopolymer comprised of... Read More

Intermediate filament

Definition noun plural: intermediate filaments A type of cytoskeleton characterized by having a diameter ranging from 8... Read More

A Protein Being Born – a live cell imaging of RNA translation

You probably already heard the concepts of translation in the central dogma of molecular biology. The dogma is an... Read More

How cell fixes DNA damage

DNA repair strategies DNA is crucial to life. It carries the fundamental blueprint for the proper functioning of a cell.... Read More

Hydrogen bond

Definition noun plural: hydrogen bonds A type of chemical bond that is formed when the slightly positive hydrogen atom of... Read More

Single stranded dna

Definition noun A DNA molecule consisting of only a single strand contrary to the typical two strands of nucleotides in... Read More

Soluble antigen

soluble antigen viral antigen that remains in solution after the particles of virus have been removed by means of... Read More

Molecular Biology of the Gene, Fifth Edition, by J.D. Watson and others

Molecular Biology of the Gene, Fifth Edition      ... Read More

Helicase

Definition noun, plural: helicases An enzyme that utilizes energy from nucleoside triphosphate (e.g. ATP) hydrolysis in... Read More

Major groove

Major groove in a detailed analysis of dna structure, there are two types of grooves that can be seen; the major groove has... Read More

Flagellum

Definition noun, plural: flagella (1) (biology) Long, slender, threadlike, whiplike extension of certain cells or... Read More

Tropomyosin

Definition noun A long protein strand composed of two fully alpha helical chains in a coiled-coil dimmer, and binds along... Read More

Glycogen

Definition noun plural: glycogens gly·co·gen, glī′kə-jən A multi-branched polymer of glucose, mainly produced in... Read More

A layer

A layer (Science: molecular biology) right handed double helical dna with approximately 11 residues per turn. Planes of base... Read More

Domain

Definition noun, plural: domains (1) (taxonomy) The highest taxonomic rank of organisms in which there are three groupings:... Read More

Eubacteria

Eubacteria are prokaryotic microorganisms consisting of a single cell lacking a nucleus and containing DNA is a single... Read More

Tissue

Tissue Definition What is tissue in the body? The body tissue is an aggregation of cells that function together and have a... Read More

Motion

motion 1. The act, process, or state of changing place or position; movement; the passing of a body from one place or... Read More

Compound

Definition noun plural: compounds com·pound, ˈkɒmpaʊnd (general) A material made up of two or more parts or... Read More

Medical Imaging Physics

Medical Imaging Physics      ... Read More

recombination DNA repair

Recombination DNA Repair Definition Recombination DNA repair is a biological reparative process in response to DNA damage... Read More