211 results found

Search Results for: hormone

Hormone

Definition noun, plural: hormones (physiology) Any of the substances produced and secreted by an endocrine gland, and then... Read More

Growth hormone

Definition noun, plural: growth hormones A polypeptide hormone that in humans and other animals essentially promotes... Read More

Steroid hormone

Definition noun, plural: steroid hormones A type of steroid that acts as a hormone, and that which is exemplified by sex... Read More

Follicle-stimulating hormone

Definition noun, plural: follicle-stimulating hormones A gonadotropin released by the gonadotropes of the anterior... Read More

Luteinizing hormone

Definition noun, plural: luteinizing hormones A gonadotropin released by the gonadotropes of the anterior pituitary, and,... Read More

Hypothalamic hormone

Definition noun, plural: hypothalamic hormones Any of the various neurohormones produced by specialized neurons in the... Read More

Neurohormone

Definition noun, plural: neurohormones Any of the various hormones secreted by neuroendocrine cells Supplement A... Read More

Prolactin-releasing hormone

Definition noun, plural: prolactin-releasing hormones A polypeptide hormone originating in the hypothalamus, and whose... Read More

Melanocyte-stimulating hormone

Definition noun, plural: melanocyte-stimulating hormones A peptide hormone in vertebrates that primarily regulate melanin... Read More

Gametokinetic hormone

Gametokinetic hormone --> follitropin An acidic glycoprotein hormone of the anterior pituitary that stimulates the... Read More

Peptide hormone

'''peptide hormone peptide hormones are a class of peptides that are secreted into the blood stream and have endocrine... Read More

Natriuretic hormone

Definition noun A hormone released in response to an expansion of plasma volume, and functions in the regulation of sodium... Read More

Mammotropic hormone

Mammotropic hormone --> prolactin (Science: protein) pituitary lactogenic hormone (23 kD) Synthesised on endoplasmic... Read More

Sex hormone

Definition noun A hormone that is secreted by gonads and is involved in the regulation of sexual functions, such as the... Read More

Somatotroph

Definition noun, plural: somatotrophs The hormone-secreting cell in the anterior pituitary that particularly releases... Read More

Prolactin

Definition noun, plural: prolactins A peptide hormone secreted by lactotropic cell in the anterior pituitary of vertebrates,... Read More

Pituitary gland

Definition noun, plural: pituitary glands An endocrine gland situated off the bottom of the hypothalamus, and acts as the... Read More

Oxytocin – Of Love, Fear, and Anxiety

Oxytocin has long had a reputation of being the "love hormone". It engenders social bonding, attachment, intimacy, and... Read More

Sympathetic hormone

sympathetic hormone --> sympathin (Science: protein) A neurohormone, such asepinephrine, produced in response to... Read More

Local hormone

Local hormone a metabolic product secreted by one set of cells that affects the function of nearby cells; an autacoid; e.g.,... Read More

Atrial natriuretic hormone

Definition noun A peptide hormone released by the atrial heart muscle cells in response to atrial distention, hypertension,... Read More

Gonadotropin

Definition noun, plural: gonadotropins A polypeptide hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary and the placenta, and acts... Read More

Thyroxine

Definition noun, plural: thyroxines An iodine-containing hormone (chemical formula: C15H11I4NO4) produced by the thyroid... Read More

Anterior pituitary

Definition noun, plural: anterior pituitaries The fleshy glandular anterior lobe of the pituitary gland that releases... Read More

Testosterone

Definition noun, plural: testosterones A steroid hormone with a chemical formula of C19H28O2, and is regarded as the primary... Read More

Hypothalamus

Definition noun, plural: hypothalami A small region of the forebrain comprised of several small nuclei, located between the... Read More

Corticotroph

Definition noun, plural: corticototrophs The cell in the anterior pituitary that particularly releases adrenocorticotropic... Read More

Galactosamine

Definition noun, plural: galactosamines A hexosamine, where galactose contains an amine (-NH2) instead of a hydroxyl (–OH)... Read More

Thyrotroph

Definition noun, plural: thyrotrophs The cell in the anterior pituitary that particularly releases thyroid-stimulating... Read More

Homeostasis

Homeostasis is the tendency not to stray from the range of favorable or ideal internal conditions. Such conditions must be... Read More

Lipotropin

Definition noun, plural: lipotropins A polypeptide hormone of the anterior pituitary gland, presumably acts by promoting fat... Read More

An introduction to Homeostasis

Researched and Written by Jonjo Minns Submitted to biologyonline.com on February 25, 2009. Published in biologyonline.com... Read More

Catabolism

Catabolism Definition Catabolism is the branch of the metabolic process that breaks down complex, big molecules into... Read More

Estrogen

Definition noun, plural: estrogens A sex steroid hormone produced in large quantities chiefly in the ovaries in females;... Read More

Lactotroph

Definition noun, plural: lactotrophs An acidophilic cell in the anterior pituitary that releases prolactin Supplement The... Read More